R. Samso, N. Forquet, P. Molle, J. Garcia
Department of Hydraulic, Maritime and Environmental Engineering, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya-BarcelonaTech, Barcelona, Spain
IRSTEA, Freshwater Systems, Ecology and Pollution Research Unit, Villeurbanne, France
Horizontal-Flow Constructed Wetlands (HFCWs) are a particular type of biofilter, and as such they rely mostly on the activity of bacterial communities to treat wastewater. Bacterial growth in HFCWs induces dramatic changes in its hydraulic and hydrodynamic behaviour (bioclogging), which may eventually result in overland flow of wastewater. Consequently, clogging is the main cause of premature ...
C. Grau Turuelo, C. Breitkopf
Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany
The void shape evolution of silicon is a process driven mainly by surface diffusion which leads to a geometrical transformation of trenches etched in silicon wafers due to surface energy minimization. The temperature, the ambient gas and the annealing time affect the velocity of the process. The use of custom PDEs in COMSOL Multiphysics® software and the Level-Set method provide a good base ...
N. N. V. Ramirez, L. M. Raymundo, J. O. Trierweiler
Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
It is desired to design a photobioreactor for the production of voluminous samples of microalgae for lipid quantification. The reactor should provide good growing conditions even with periodic withdrawal of samples. It also should be compact for better use of laboratory space. Therefore, a photobioreactor with concentric tubes was modeled to verify the circulation of the culture medium. The ...
O. Kraft , J. Gaiser , M. Stripf ,
 University of Applied Sciences, Karlsruhe, Baden-Würtemberg, Germany
Standard measuring techniques for thermal conductivity cannot be readily applied to determine the load-dependent thermal conductivity of porous adsorbents, because the local ad- and desorption inside the specimen and the thickness of the specimen are not considered. Hence, in this work a new measuring procedure combining the transient hot bridge (THB) with a three dimensional finite element ...
A. Kumar , S. Pramanik , M. Mishra ,
 Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar, Punjab, India
 Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar, Punjab, India; Nordita, SE-10691, Stockholm, Sweden
Darcian and non-Darcian porous media are characterized by the porosity of medium. To capture miscible viscous fingering in both types of porous media, a new model built with COMSOL® software is presented by coupling of two different physics interfaces (hydrodynamics and transport of solute). For modeling in non-Darcian porous media, Brinkman equation is used. In our simulations, perturbations ...
M. Rühl, G. Dietrich, E. Pflug, S. Braun, A. Leson
TU Dresden, Laser and Surface Technology, Dresden, Germany
IWS Dresden, Fraunhofer Institute for Material and Beam Technology, Dresden, Germany
Established joining techniques like welding, soldering or brazing typically are characterized by a large amount of heat load of the components. Especially in the case of heat sensitive structures like MEMS this often results in stress induced deformation and degradation or even damaging of the parts. A back door of this problem are Reactive Multilayer Systems (RMS). These foils consist of ...
D. Baldissin and D. Lombardo
Compumat S.r.l., Torino, Italy
A two-dimensional mathematical model for the absorption and desorption of H2 in LaNi4.8Al0.2 was developed and experimentally validated. The model is composed of an energy balance, a mass balance and a momentum balance. These differential equations are numerically solved by means of the finite element method using the software COMSOL Multiphysics®. From a comparison between theoretical ...
3D COMSOL Multiphysics® Model of a Plate Heat Exchanger to Support a Laboratory Teaching Environment - new
N. Medeiros, W. Clark
Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA
Chemical engineering students and practitioners need an understanding of fluid flow and heat transfer inside heat exchangers. Because the flow within plate heat exchangers is difficult to visualize, we developed COMSOL Multiphysics® simulations of plate heat exchangers for students to study alongside a physical heat exchanger in a laboratory setting. Simulative experiments allow students to ...
T. J. Kazdal , M. J. Hampe ,
 Technische Universität Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
A micro steam methane reformer is a complex product consisting of multiple units. For the virtual functional product development it is necessary to validate these sub models separately. Therefore a reactor was designed to analyse kinetics of chemical reactions. The reactor design is based on a simulation geometry and the boundary conditions of the simulation were recreated in the experimental ...
S. Schlüter , E. Schieferstein , T. Hennig , K. Meller ,
 Fraunhofer UMSICHT, Oberhausen, Germany
Fuel vapor restraint systems are used in vehicles to avoid discharge of volatile hydrocarbons from fuel tanks. The topic of this paper is the proper operation of fuel vapor restraint systems depending on the composition of bioethanol-fuel-blends. Experimental data serve as input to a model built with COMSOL Multiphysics® to simulate the performance of fuel vapor restraint systems depending on ...