Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Pre-design of a Molten Salt Thorium Reactor Loop

J. P. Caire, and A. Roure
LEPMI-ENSEE, Saint Martin d'Hères, France

The generation 4 of molten salt reactors using the thorium cycle are characterized by a temperature close to 1000 oC. The very large heat transfers involved between the reactor core and the external parts with minimal thermal losses are a major issue. This study investigated a possible inner loop made of a series of conventional graphite filter plate exchangers, pipes and pumps, using the COMSOL ...

The use of CFD Modeling to Determine the Influence of Residence Time Distribution on the Disinfection of Drinking Water in Ozone Contactors

J. Hofman1,2,3, D. Wind1, B. Wols3, W. Uijttewaal3, H. van Dijk3, and G. Stelling3
1Waternet, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
2Kiwa Water Research, Rijswijk, The Netherlands
3Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands

Disinfection is one of the most important aspects of drinking water treatment and is directly related to public health.Waternet uses ozone treatment as a main disinfection for drinking water production. Residence time distribution (RTD) in the ozone contactor has a large influence on the disinfection performance of the system. To get more insight into the effect of RTD, a multiphysics model was ...

Modeling of a Novel Perovskite Adsorption Process with COMSOL Multiphysics

S. Farooq
Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore

In this presentation, we study the Perovskite Adsorption Process with COMSOL Multiphysics. The outline of the presentation is:IntroductionBackgroundCOMSOL User ExperienceA Specific Application of PSA

Finding Optimal Operating Conditions for SMB-Plants using COMSOL

M. Fütterer
Institut für Automatisierungstechnik, Otto von Guericke Universität, Magdeburg, Germany

Simulated moving bed (SMB) chromatography is a commonly used separation technology. It consists of chromatographic columns that are interconnected to a ring. The feedings and drains are changed cyclically so that a continuous separation is maintained. To find optimal operating conditions, the triangle theory is often used. This theory is based on a true moving bed (TMB). Therefore, it will only ...

Non-Isothermal Kinetics of Water Adsorption in Compact Adsorbent Layers on a Metal Support

G. Füldner, and L. Schnabel
Fraunhofer Institute of Solar Energy Systems, Freiburg, Germany

Water adsorption in highly porous materials can be used in heat transformation processes for the efficient use of energy in heat and cold production. One technology for such a thermal heat transformation is the use of water adsorption in highly porous adsorbents like zeolite. To optimize the power density of compact thin layer adsorbent beds, a one-dimensional model of the coupled heat and mass ...

Numerical Simulation Study on the Heat and Mass Transfer Through Multi-Layer Textile Assemblies

S.F. Neves[1], J.J.B.L.M. Campos[1], T.S. Mayor[2]
[1]CEFT – Transport Phenomena Research Center, Chemical Engineering Department, Porto University, Porto, Portugal
[2]CeNTI - Centre for Nanotechology and Smart Materials, Rua Fernando Mesquita, Vila Nova de Famalicão, Portugal

A clothing system should offer the user a period of relatively comfort. However, changes in the ambient conditions over day affect the heat and mass transport in the system, influencing the user comfort perception. In order to gather information to allow the optimization of clothing systems, it is essential to understand the heat and moisture transfer occurring across multi-layer textiles. For ...

Impact Assessment of Hydrologic and Operational Factors on the Efficiency of Managed Aquifer Recharge Scheme

M.A. Rahman[1], P. Oberdorfer[1], Y. Jin[1], M. Pervin[1], E. Holzbecher[1]
[1]Department of Applied Geology, Geoscience Center, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Lower Saxony, Germany

Due to increased demands on groundwater accompanied by increased drawdowns (ca. 2-3 meters/year), technologies that use alternative water resources have been suggested for Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Preliminary studies show that managed aquifer recharge (MAR) would help in optimal use of available water resources and to reduce adverse effects of pumping in the Dupitila aquifer of the city. In this ...

Numerical Simulation of Recovery of Light Oil by Medium Temperature Oxidation in Porous Media

N. Khoshenvis Gargar[1], A. Mailybaev[2], D. Marchesin[2], H. Bruining[1]
[1]Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
[2]Instituto Nacional de Matematica Pura e Aplicada, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

One of the methods to recover oil from medium and low viscosity in complex reservoirs uses air injection leading to oil combustion. In this case the oxygen in the air burns the heavier components of the oil, generating a heat wave leading to vaporization of lighter components. In this work, we consider a simple model for air injection in light oil reservoir containing only one component in dry ...

Experimental Validation of Model of Electro-Chemical-Mechanical Planarization (ECMP) of Copper

J. Ebert[1], S. Ghosal[1], A. Emami-Naeini[1]
[1]SC Solutions, Sunnyvale, CA, USA

This paper describes the development of a COMSOL model of Electro-Chemical-Mechanical Planarization (ECMP) that was validated with experimental data. ECMP is used for processing of semiconductor wafers. We developed a 2D model of flow of phosphoric acid solution (the electrolyte) between two parallel plates that focuses on the physics and electrochemistry in ECMP. The model includes steady-state ...

Modeling Mechanical Property Changes During Heating of Carrot Tissue - A Microscale Approach - new

S. Kadam[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Turgor pressure loss and pectin degradation result in texture loss during cooking of plant based materials. To simulate texture loss, a simultaneous heat and moisture transfer, pectin degradation in the cell wall material and solid mechanical model was developed at the microscale using finite elements to predict the homogenized Young’s Modulus of the carrot tissue during heating. The model ...

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