R. Cumeras, I. Gràcia, E. Figueras, L. Fonseca, J. Santander, M. Salleras, C. Calaza, N. Sabaté, and C. Cané
Instituto de Microelectrónica de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
A micro Planar Ion Mobility Spectrometer (P-FAIMS) has been simulated using multiphysics software. In P-FAIMS target ions are discriminated by the application of the proper separation voltages to the electrodes of the system. Modelling of vapour phase ions of two compounds have been studied for different values of electric field amplitude to gas number density (E/N) ratio: a health risky ...
A. Warning, A. K. Datta, A. Dhall, and D. Mitrea
Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering
A multiphase porous media model involving heat and mass transfer within a potato chip was implemented in COMSOL 3.5a. The diffusive flux in oil and liquid water was modeled from capillary driven flow while the gas phase was modeled using binary diffusion. A non-equilibrium water evaporation rate was used and Darcy's law for the momentum equation to solve for the convection of each species. ...
Computational Modeling of the Electrohydrodynamics Influencing Trace Mercury Adsorption within Electric Utility Electrostatic Precipitators
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Anthropogenic mercury (Hg) emissions increase the risk of neurological and neonatal health effects in humans through fish consumption. There are several technological approaches to controlling mercury emissions from coal combustion, including the injection of a powdered mercury sorbent into the flue gas upstream of the particulate control device (PCD). As most PCDs are electrostatic ...
D. Hu, F. Zhang, H. Zhou, and J. Shao
LML, UMR8107, CNRS, University of Lille I, Lille, France
School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Hubei University of Technology, Wuhan, China
State Key Laboratory of Geomechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China
A lixiviation-mechanical coupled model is developed for fiber reinforced concrete within this framework; both the influence of chemical degradation on short and long term mechanical behavior and the influence of mechanical loading on the diffusion coefficient can be considered. The elastic mechanical properties are written as function of chemical damage. A Drucker–Prager typed criterion with ...
Impact Assessment of Hydrologic and Operational Factors on the Efficiency of Managed Aquifer Recharge Scheme
M.A. Rahman, P. Oberdorfer, Y. Jin, M. Pervin, E. Holzbecher
Department of Applied Geology, Geoscience Center, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Lower Saxony, Germany
Due to increased demands on groundwater accompanied by increased drawdowns (ca. 2-3 meters/year), technologies that use alternative water resources have been suggested for Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Preliminary studies show that managed aquifer recharge (MAR) would help in optimal use of available water resources and to reduce adverse effects of pumping in the Dupitila aquifer of the city. In this ...
A. Cockx, R. Degrave, P. Schmitz
University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France
This study deals with the 3D modeling of a light photocatalytic textile. This process aims to decontaminate industrial effluents such as water with pesticides. The present study describes the implementation of a reactive transport model in a computational fluid dynamics model developed on a Representative Volume Element (RVE) of the textile, i.e. at the microscopic scale. The final ...
K. Kannappan, G. Bogle, J. Travas-Sejdic, and D.E. Williams
University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
Electrochemically-active conducting polymers (ECP) swell or shrink in response to ion and solvent incorporation or ejection as a result of electrochemical reaction of the polymer. When anodic potential is applied to an electrode attached to one end of ECP strip, the oxidation process starts from the electrode and proceeds along the polymer, propagating as a wave. This wave is driven as a ...
K.Revathy, S. Agarwal, B. Muralidharan, G. Padmakumar, K. K. Rajan
Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, India
Electro refining is one of the important step in the Pyro processing nuclear spent fuel with molten salt. The electro refiner is a process vessel consists of anode ,cathodes and stirrers and ultra –high pure argon gas is provided at the top for inert atmosphere and at the bottom a cadmium layer is provided. The vapor pressure of the cadmium is high at the operating temperature, the cadmium vapor ...
S. Skoda, E. Robalinho, E. F. Cunha, M. Linardi
Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares - IPEN/CNEN-SP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Universidade Nove de Julho - UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
The use of numerical techniques in PEM fuel cell sensoring represents an advantage of project engineering, reducing the costs and accelerating the manufacturing of prototypes. In this work some numerical responses are shown, relating to numerical sensoring of water and oxygen mole fractions at cathode of a 5 cm² of geometric area PEM fuel cell. The need to recognize a geometric figure of merit ...
C. Wylock, S. Goffin, M. Aubinet, B. Longdoz, B. Haut
Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Transfers, Interfaces and Processes (TIPs), Brussels, Belgium
University of Liège-Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, Unit of Biosystem Physics, Gembloux, Belgium
INRA, Centre INRA de Nancy, UMR1137 Ecologie et Ecophysiologie Forestières, Champenoux, France
The assessment of forest soil respiration and its isotopic composition is one of the important issues for the carbon cycling modeling (greenhouse gas emission control) because it is often inaccurate. Soil respiration is a complex process, depending on the coupling of several phenomena, which is therefore highly sensitive to any disturbance. In this work, the dynamics of the transport of two ...