J. Plawsky, A. Chatterjee, and P.C. Wayner Jr.
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, USA
The Constrained Vapor Bubble is a fundamental fluid mechanics experiment that is scheduled to run aboard the International Space Station starting in August 2009. The experiment is focused on looking at evaporation and condensation processes at the contact line, where vapor, liquid and solid meet. Our goal is to understand how processes that occur on the macroscale affect the transport processes ...
G. Ruocco, M. V. De Bonis
Engineering College, University of Basilicata, Potenza, Italy
Institute of Food Science and Production, National Research Council, Bari, Italy
Localized convection heat and mass transfer can be intensified and optimized by providing exposure to electromagnetic energy. Conjugate heat and mass transfer are configured by solving the momentum, heat and mass transfer simultaneously in both solid (substrate, comprising of a two-phase chemical species) and fluid (auxiliary air) phases. In this way the heat and mass fluxes vary seamlessly ...
Optimization of the Herringbone Type Micromixer Using Numerical Modelling and Validation by Measurements - new
E. Tóth, K. Iván, P. Fürjes
Pázmány Péter Catholic University, Budapest, Hungary
Research Centre for Natural Sciences Institute for Technical Physics and Materials Science Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary
COMSOL Multiphysics® software was used in this study to simulate mixing by diffusion and by secondary flow. Particle tracing model was applied to simulate the mixing of cells in the microchannel. Results agreed well with the measurement, an optimal herring-bone structure was proposed for integration into a bioanalytical system.
A Preliminary Approach to the Neutronics of the Molten Salt Reactor by Means of COMSOL Multiphysics®
V. Memoli, A. Cammi, V. Di Marcello, and L. Luzzi
Nuclear Engineering Division, Department of Energy, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy
The Molten Salt Reactor (MSR), proposed along with other five innovative concepts of fission nuclear reactor by the Generation IV International Forum (GIF-IV), represents a challenging task from the modeling perspective because of the strong coupling between neutronics and thermo-hydrodynamics due to liquid fuel circulation in the primary loop. In this paper COMSOL Multiphysics® is adopted to ...
R. Rieck, A. Bénard, and C. Petty
Michigan State University, Michigan, USA
Porous media fluid dynamic modeling has been widely explored and utilized in many academic and industrial applications. Cross flow filtration being one attractive application, whereas the fluid and filtrate flow parallel the porous media, and thereby induce shearing stress along the membrane surface to reduce fouling. In modeling porous media flow, it is common to describe the porous domain by ...
O. Akanji, and A. Kolesnikov
Department of Chemical & Metallurgical Engineering
Tshwane University of Technolgy
Pretoria, South Africa
In this work, a 2D dynamic simulation for a portion of metal hydride based hydrogen storage tank was performed using computational software COMSOL 4.0a Multiphysics. The software is used to simulate the diffusion and heating of hydrogen in both radial and axial directions. The model consists of a system of partial differential equations (PDE) describing two dimensional heat and mass transfer of ...
Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Natural Convection Flow of (Sub-) and (Super-) Critical CO2 in Aqueous Phase
R. Khosrokhavar, G. Elsinga, R. Farajzadeh, H. Bruining
Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherland
Shell International Global Solutions, Amsterdam, The Netherland
Optimal storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) in aquifers requires dissolution in the aqueous phase. Transfer of CO2 from the gas phase to the aqueous phase or oil phase would be slow if it were only driven by diffusion. Dissolution of CO2 in brine (oil) forms a mixture that is denser than the original brine. This causes a local density increase, which induces natural convection currents accelerating ...
The Dow Chemical Company, Midland, MI, USA
Photovoltaic systems can degrade with moisture. The addition of an edge-seal containing a desiccant can reduce the amount of water reaching the interior. This report discusses the modeling of the water transport into the system to determine the amount of edge seal and desiccant required. The moving freezing front of the Stefan heat-transport problem is used to model a moving moisture front. ...
K. J. Suthar, D. C. Mancini, M. K. Ghantasala
Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
Physical Sciences and Engineering, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, USA
The pH-sensitive hydrogels are responsive to the pH of surrounding solution, which often resemble to biomaterials. Recently, pH-sensitive hydrogels are widely used in various devices as sensing media. We present the simulation of swelling characteristic of 3D-arbitarary-geometry, pH-sensitive hydrogel in steady state conditions. Three nonlinear partial-differential equations that are ...
D. Lahaye, L. Cheng
DIAM, EEMCS Faculty, TU Delft, The Netherlands
Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
In the production of high quality materials by a heat treatment, it is indispensable to accurately predict the temperature inside the furnaces being employed. In this work we develop a turbulent combustion model for the heat being released by gas burners inside a shaft kiln. Turbulent combustion is the strongly coupled phenomena of the chemically reacting fuel and oxygen in a turbulent flow. We ...