Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Numerical modelling of the damage potential of climate variations to a historic wooden cabinet

Z. Huijbregts, H. Schellen, and J. van Schijndel
Department of the Built Environment
Eindhoven University of Technology
Eindhoven, The Netherlands

The two wooden cabinets of Jan van Mekeren that are located in Amerongen Castle show comparable wood damage; in particular large cracks in the cabinet doors are clearly noticeable. It is assumed that these cracks were caused by bad indoor climate conditions in the castle. Combined computational modelling of the indoor climate conditions in the castle and the hygroscopic and mechanical ...

Simulation of the Behaviour of a Knitted Structure Made of NiTi Wires to the Mechanical Loading

J. Kafka
Technical University of Liberec
Department of Engineering Mechanics
Liberec, Czech Republic

This article describes the response of the knitted fabric to the mechanical loading and how a simplified FE model can approach realistically the response of the structure to the mechanical loading. The knitted fabric is made of nitinol material, which belongs to the group of shape memory alloys. The simulations show the behaviour of this structure in unidirectional stretching and in bending by ...

Residual Stresses and Failure Probability of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Due to the Sintering Process

F. Greco[1], J. van Herle[1], A. Nakajo[1]
[1]FUELMAT Group, Institute of Mechanical Engineering, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland

A solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is composed of four layers (anode, electrolyte compatibility layer and cathode) of different ceramic materials. The anode layer is produced by tape casting, the remaining layers are deposited by screen-printing. The layers are sintered together at high temperatures. During heating up and cooling down (manufacturing process), stresses are generated in the layers due ...

Elastoplastic Modeling and Experimental Verification of Solder-Substrate Interaction - new

C. Karl[1], C. Slater[1], M. Strangwood[1], K. Tank[2], S. O'Connor[2]
[1]University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
[2]Strip Tinning Ltd, Birmingham, UK

Solders are typically used to join similar or dissimilar metals, referred to as substrates. In some cases solders are also used to join completely different classes of materials. For example, a joint between copper busbar and silicon solar cell represents a set of dissimilar substrates. In the formation of a solder-substrate couple, the system must have been subjected to at least a single ...

Optimization of Smart Diaphragm Material for Pressure Sensor in Ventilators

M. Algappan[1], P. C. Chakravarthi[1], R. Keerthana[1], S. Mangayarkarasi[1], A. Kandaswamy[1]
[1]PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

A medical ventilator is an imperative device used to save life by delivering an assortment of air and oxygen into and out of the patients’ lungs to administer breathing or to assist obligatory breathing. The commercially available diaphragm based pressure sensors made up of silicon measure the air and oxygen flow. The proposed work utilizes the Piezo electric material for the pressure range ...

Determination of the Fundamental Resonant Modes of a Polysilicon H-Beam Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

T. Thomas[1], M. Sundaram[1], R. Bejam[1]
[1]Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani - Pilani Campus, Rajasthan, India

A Polysilicon H-beam is a micro-machined structure consisting of two primary members connected by a third member of much lower width and much greater aspect ratio. This structure exhibits interesting vibration behavior at specific frequencies which are known as resonant modes. A ‘mode’ may be described as a specific physical shape that the vibrating object assumes at peak oscillation ...

Stress Field Simulation for Quantitative Ultrasound Elasticity Imaging

L. Yuan[1] and P.C. Pedersen[1]
[1]Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA

Finite element models using COMSOL Multiphysics and MATLAB were developed to solve the problem of stress distribution interior homogeneous, isotropic, incompressible elastic solid material under known vertical external compression with a rectangular contact surface. Moreover, comparison between these results and analytical solutions was used to further validate that stress drops off with ...

Finite Element Convergence and Speed-Up Studies Using COMSOL Multiphysics and LiveLink™ for MATLAB® with Large Assembly Models

H. Pourzand[1], A.H. Aziz[1], A. Singh[1]
[1]Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA, USA

COMSOL Multiphysics along with its LiveLink™ for MATLAB® is used to investigate the needed number of elements and the required order of Lagrangean p element for a number of different simulation models. For this task, convergence study, speed up testing and interactive meshing is performed on a large assembly model which is also imported using the LiveLink™ for SolidWorks®. As a test bench, ...

Structural Analysis of a Pressure Sensor for High Temperature Environments

S.V. De Guido[1], G.S. Masi[1], P. Vladimirovich Miodushevsky[1], L. Vasanelli[1]
[1]Department of Innovation Engineering, University of Salento, Lecce, Italy

Pressure sensors operating at the temperature higher that 500 °C are absent in the world market. Our goal is to develop a pressure sensor that can operate at the high temperature up to 700 °C. Our sensor will be made up of a ceramic sensible element and a metallic case. The sensible element will be a ceramic beam with a Weathstone bridge on its surface. A structural analysis on the case has ...

Numerical Implementation Of A Multivariable Thermomechanical Model For Unsaturated Bentonite

V-M. Pulkkanen, and M. Olin
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland

A compacted bentonite clay buffer is planned to be used as a part of the engineered barrier system in the KBS-3 concept for the disposal of spent nuclear fuel. Simulations together with experimental studies are needed to ensure that bentonite fulfills its safety functions in the concept. In this paper, one type of bentonite model, namely a thermomechanical model developed by Jussila, is presented ...

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