Ken Kang-Hsin Wang, and Timothy C. Zhu
Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Singlet oxygen (1O2) is the major cytotoxic agent during type-II photodynamic therapy (PDT). The production of 1O2involves the complex reactions among cancer agent, oxygen molecule, and treatment laser light. The light propagation in tumor tissue is described by the diffusion equation. In this work, an optimization routine is developed to fit the [1O2]rx profile to the simulated necrosis ...
AkerSolutions, Fornebu, Norway
The paper demonstrates that for some models a 2D geometry in Cartesian coordinates can be used to obtain a 3D solution with changes in z-direction. A heat exchanger serves as an example of a practical application. The required flow rate in a straight cooling pipe penetrating perpendicularly into a warm wall is calculated to keep the wall temperature below a given limit. Cold water pumped into ...
C. Morgan, N. Kenkare, M. Williams, A. Peterson, and D. Williams
Alcon Eye Care Division of Novartis R&D, Duluth, GA
Alcon Eye Care Division of Novartis R&D and Georgia Institute of Technology Co-op Program, GA
Introduction of silicone hydrogel contact lens materials provided products of unprecedented capability to deliver oxygen to the eye during wear. One additional material characteristic of interest is the material’s permeability to ions. This paper discusses descriptive tools and optimization of an impedance method of characterizing ion permeability. A physical model of conductive paper with ...
M. Gobbert , K. M. Kalayeh , J. S. Graf ,
 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Maryland - Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD, USA
 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maryland - Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD, USA
Numerical theory provides the basis for quantification of the accuracy and reliability of a FEM solution by error estimates on the FEM error vs. the mesh spacing of the FEM mesh. This paper presents techniques needed in COMSOL Multiphysics® software to perform computational studies for elliptic test problems in two and three space dimensions that demonstrate this theory by computing the ...
Computer Simulation of Microwave Heating of Initially Frozen Sandwiches Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Application Builder - new
D. Fu , L. Wang , J. Liao , S. Dus , K. Bearson ,
 Tyson Foods, Downers Grove, IL, USA
 Simulprocess, Summerfield, NC, USA
Customers typically prepare sandwiches using a microwave oven to heat a frozen sandwich. This causes huge temperature variations and quality issues due to multicomponent with different dielectric and physical properties and with phase changes at different freezing points in the heating process. To better understand the heating process of the sandwich, a computer simulator with a graphic user ...
M. Nour , A. Lakhssassi , E. Kengne , M. Bougataya ,
 Université du Québec en Outaouais, Gatineau, QC, Canada
Abstract: Due to the restriction of the number of probes that a patient can tolerate, and the inaccurate information provided by the invasive temperature measurements, which provide information only at discrete points, a mathematical model simulation is more effective to help doctors in planning their thermal treatment doses. This will maximize therapeutic effects while minimizing side effects. ...
Novel Approach for Teaching Microchemical Systems Analysis to Chemical Engineering Students Using Interactive Graphical User Interfaces (GUIs) - new
A. Nagaraj , P. L. Mills ,
 Department of Chemical and Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Kingsville, TX, USA
Chemicals are an integrated part of our daily life. While chemicals are significant contributor to a nation’s economy, sound management of chemical production is essential for environmentally friendly operation without maximizing operational costs. Next generation technologies must be developed that potentially change the chemical plants and process engineering giving rise to safe, compact, ...
R. A. Gerhardt , Y. Jin ,
 Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA
1. Introduction Polycrystalline single phase materials often display electrical properties that are a function of their grain size. Impedance spectroscopy, an alternating current technique is ideal for detecting the presence of more than one current path and has been used for many years[1,2]. However, it is proposed here that it may be possible to use concepts developed for two phase ...
Quantum Mechanics Applications Using the Time Dependent Schrödinger Equation in COMSOL Multiphysics® Software - new
A. J. Kalinowski ,
 University of Connecticut, East Lyme, CT, USA
The paper illustrates the use of COMSOL for obtaining the quantum mechanics wave function Ψ(x,y,z,t) as a solution to the time dependent Schrödinger equation. Once having Ψ(x,y,z,t), it can be used to compute the probability of a particle being in a specific zone within the spatial field under consideration. Two problems are solved to illustrate solving Schrödinger's equation. Firstly, a simple ...
F. S. Alleyne , R. R. Milczarek ,
 Healthy Processed Foods Research Unit, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Albany, CA, USA
Solar drying is a ubiquitous method that has been adopted for many years as a food preservation method. Most of the published articles in the literature provide insight on the performance of solar dryers in service but little information on the dryer construction material selection process or material attributes that allow them to be selected as candidates in solar dryer designs. 1–7 ...