Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Stability Analysis of a Boiling Loop in Space

W. R. Schlichting1, R. T. Lahey Jr.1, M. Z. Podowski1, and T. A. Ortega G?mez2
1Center for Mutliphase Research, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA
2Institute for Nuclear & Energy Technologies, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany

Boiling systems must be analyzed to determine their stability characteristics. Multiphase system instabilities can be predicted by the use of a one-dimensional drift-flux model. Using this model, an analysis has been performed with the COMSOL code to investigate both linear and nonlinear instability phenomena. In particular, density-wave oscillations in boiling channels were investigated, and, ...

Voltammetric Performance of Nanometer Interdigitated Electrodes

X. Yang1, and G. Zhang1,2
1Micro/Nano Bioengineering Laboratory, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA
2Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA

To explore the use of nanometer-scale interdigitated electrodes (IDEs) in affinity-based biosensors, we investigated the voltammetric behavior of interdigitated electrodes (IDEs) at various electron-transfer-rate constants (i.e., the k0 values) with the consideration of electrical double layer (EDL), and the relationship between the limiting current density and k0 value. Results show that the ...

Clean Energy Technologies: Growing Need for Multiphysics Modeling

Iouri Balachov
Senior Scientist,
SRI International, Menlo Park, CA, USA

Iouri Balachov is a Senior Scientist at SRI International (Menlo Park, CA) where he is leading development of Direct Carbon Fuel Cell technology for clean and efficient power generation from coal, biomass, and a wide variety of carbon containing fuels. Prior to SRI he was an engineer at Westinghouse nuclear (Pittsburgh, PA), researcher at Penn State University (State College, PA), and researcher ...

Shape, Convection and Convergence

R. Pryor
Pryor Knowledge Systems, Inc., Bloomfield Hills, MI, USA

COMSOL Multiphysics software, when properly configured, can readily solve modeling problems in the laminar flow regime using the standard Navier-Stokes equations or in the fully turbulent flow regime using the kappa-epsilon model. Failure to solve a particular model is typically manifested by instability in the calculation and a failure of the model to converge. This paper presents a new approach ...

Simulation of Topology Optimized Electrothermal Microgrippers

O. Sardan[1], D. Petersen[1], O. Sigmund[2], and P. Boggild[1]
[1]DTU Nanotech, Denmark
[2]DTU Mechanical Engineering, Denmark

In this work, electrothermal microgrippers designed using topology optimization are modeled. The microgrippers are composed of two 5 μm-thick polysilicon actuators facing each other. The gap between the actuators are 2 μm in the initial state and the microgrippers are able to both fully close and further open this gap. The operation principle of the actuators is quite similar to that of a ...

Parameter Optimization for Finite-Element Method (FEM) based modeling of singlet oxygen during PDT

T. Zhu, and K. Wang
Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Photodynamic therapy(PDT) is a new cancer treatment modality using the photochemical reaction of a photosensitizing drug, light, and oxygen. The objective of this project is to determine the photochemical parameters necessary for singlet oxygen modeling during PDT using parameters obtained from a microscopic model.   FEM calculation in COMSOL Multiphysics was used to determine the model ...

Can the Drumhead be Decomposed from Spectra? - An Application for the Chesapeake Bay

K. McIlhany[1], and R. Malek-Madani[2]
[1]Physics Department, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
[2]Mathematics Department, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA

In 1966, mathematician Mark Kac proposed the question "Can One Hear the Shape of a Drum?" in an article for American Mathematical Monthly. In attempting to resolve the Chesapeake Bay from an eigenfunctional approach, a one-to-one mapping of this famous problem has been identified. The quote above will re-write to "Can One Hear the Shape of a Drum from Multiple Point-Sampled Spectra?". This ...

Development of an Interlinked Curriculum Component Module for Microchemical Process Systems Components Using COMSOL Multiphysics

A. Mokal, and P. Mills

Department of Chemical and Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA

COMSOL Multiphysics provides a powerful numerical platform where various models for microchemical process technology components can be readily created for both education and research. This modeling tool allows chemical engineering students to focus on understanding the effects of various microchemical system component design and operational parameters versus coding and debugging of the numerical ...

COMSOL Multiphysics Modeling of a 20-W Microwave Electrothermal Thruster

E. Gao, and S. Bilen
The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

The Microwave Electrothermal Thruster (MET) is a space electric propulsion device that uses an electromagnetic resonant cavity within which a free-floating plasma is ignited and sustained, heating a propellant gas that is that exhausted out of a gas-dynamic nozzle. For an empty cavity it is fairly straightforward to accurately calculate the cavity’s resonant frequency and describe the ...

Modeling Joule Heating Effect on Lunar O2 Generation via Electrolytic Reduction

J. Dominguez[1], S. Poizeau[2], and L. Sibille[1]

[1]ASRC Aerospace Corporation, Kennedy Space Center, Fl, USA
[2]Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA

Kennedy Space Center is leading research work on lunar O2 generation via electrolytic reduction of regolith. The metal oxide present in regolith is dissociated into oxygen anions and metal cations leading to the generation of gaseous oxygen at the anode and liquid metal at the cathode. The authors have developed a 3D model using a rigorous approach to not only study the effect of Joule heating on ...

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