Heat Loss Evaluation of an Experimental Set-up for Predicting the Initial Stage of the Boiling Curve for Water at low Pressure
K. T. Witte, F. Dammel, L. Schnabel, and P. Stephan
Fraunhofer Institut Solare Energiesysteme - Department of Thermal Systems and Buildings, Freiburg, Germany
Technische Universität Darmstadt - Institute of Technical Thermodynamics, Darmstadt, Germany
In this paper heat losses and gains are assessed for a specific measuring set-up improving the validity of performance data to accurately predict the initial stage of a boiling curve. Simulation focus on achieving results predicting real measuring data of a plain surface structure. Therefore, the relevant components of the measuring set-up have been implemented in a 2-D axisymmetric model ...
J. Ratnieks, A. Jakovics, and J. Klavins
University of Latvia
Although we know the physics inside a media where the sound waves propagate, determination of material\'s or structure\'s sound reduction index is not an easy task. The lack of good engineering solutions proves the point. The only reliable way to calculate the sound reduction index is to carry out an experiment.Therefore, the aim of this study is to develop a mathematical model that can ...
An Analysis of Spin-Diffusion Dominated Ferrofluid Spin-Up Flows in Uniform Rotating Magnetic Fields
S. Khushrushahi, A. Guerrero, C. Rinaldi, and M. Zahn
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA
Univeridad Industrial de Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia
University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, Mayaguez, PR
This work analyzes the spin-diffusion dominated explanation for spin-up bulk flows in ferrofluid filled cylinders, with no free surface, subjected to a uniform rotating magnetic field. COMSOL results are compared to experimental results and analytical results. Simulating ferrofluid spin-up flows have many subtleties, especially when using a single domain region to model the ferrofluid ...
Poznan University of Technology
This paper concerns the problem of obtaining proper acoustic attenuation performance through computations. COMSOL was used to solve acoustics systems with helicoidal resonators in the frequency domain. Based on the studies of insertion and transmission loss of helicoidal resonators, a high consistency between the results obtained by numerical calculations with experimental measurements was ...
Electro-Stimulating Implants for Bone Regeneration: Parameter Analysis on Design and Implant Position
Y. Su, R. Souffrant, D. Klüß, R. Bader, M. Ellenrieder, and H. Ewald
Department of Orthopaedics, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
Department of General Electrical Engineering, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
A common clinical treatment is the application of alternating electromagnetic fields using a screw implant to the weak bone tissue within the femoral head, which speed up the bone regeneration in case of avascular necrosis of the femoral head . In our present work the bipolar induction screw system as the depicted ASNIS S-Series screw with integrated coil and electrodes were investigated. ...
A Method for Efficient Calculation of Diffusion and Reactions of Lipophilic Compounds in Complex Cell Geometry
Kristian Dreij, Qasim Ali Chaudhry, Bengt Jernström, Ralf Morgenstern, and Michael Hanke
Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
School of Computer Science and Communication, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
A general description of effects of toxic compounds in mammalian cells is facing several problems. Firstly, most toxic compounds are hydrophobic and partition phenomena strongly influence their behaviour. Secondly, cells display considerable heterogeneity regarding the presence, activity and distribution of enzymes participating in the metabolism of foreign compounds i.e. bioactivation ...
Evaluation of Low-Cycle-Fatigue Life of Solder Joints in Surface Mounting Power Devices by Finite Element Modeling
N. Delmonte, F. Giuliani, M. Bernardoni, P. Cova
Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell'Informazione, Università degli Studi di Parma, Parma, Italy
CDTR - Centre for Device Thermography and Reliability, H. H. Wills Dept. of Physics, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
The reliability of solder joints [1,2] is one of the key factors in the determination of the reliability of the high power density electronic converters, being the solder joints both the mechanical, the electrical, and often the thermal connections between the electronic component and the board in which the component is placed. The main mechanism by which solder joints are damaged is thermal ...
P. Gagnon, H. Manouzi, M. El Amraoui, Y. Messaddeq
Laval University, Quebec City, QC, Canada
An important step in designing a microstructured optical fiber is the computation and management of its dispersion curve. It is well-known that computing chromatic dispersion can be done analytically for certain geometries (e.g. step-index fibers), but no such analytical methods is known in the realm of microstructured optical fibers. Figure 1, Figure 2, and Figure 3 illustrate cross-sections of ...
T.C. Zhu, B. Liu, X. Liang
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Singlet oxygen (1O2) is the major cytotoxic agent during photodynamic therapy (PDT). A previously developed model that incorporates the diffusion equation for the light transport in tissue and the macroscopic kinetic equations for the generation of the singlet oxygen, can be used to numerically calculate the distance-dependent reacted 1O2 using finite-element method (FEM). The formula of reacted ...
E.I. Gkanas, S.S. Makridis, A.K. Stubos, A. Lopez, J. Folch, G. Noriega
Materials for Energy Applications Group, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, Greece
Environmental Technology Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, NCSR “Demokritos”, Greece
Universidad Politécnica De Cataluña, Barcelona, Spain
Cidete INGENIEROS, Barcelona, Spain
Hydrogen storage can be considered as a key factor in the development of hydrogen economy. Hydrogen storage in a magnesium hydride MgH2 is a very promising technique for numerous of reasons. Magnesium is abundant, relatively cheap, life – friendly , weight storage capacity of 7.6% and low price of Mg metal. A simulation work is presented in order to study the absorption kinetics of a Mg – ...