Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

A Study of Curved Flexures for MEMS

Minhee Jun[1], and Jason V. Clark[1]
[1]Departments of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA

Large deflection actuators are becoming increasingly important for microsystems. Since actuation forces are usually small, large deflection actuators usually require flexures with low stiffness. Rectangular serpentine flexures are often used for such actuators due to their low stiffness and large linear deflection range. In this paper we investigate the performance of curved serpentine flexures ...

Magnetic Fields and Materials for Medical Bone Reconstruction Assisted by Advanced Finite-Element Simulations

A. Sytcheva[1] and T. Herrmannsdörfer[1]
[1]Hochfeld-Magnetlabor Dresden, Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden, Germany

We address the use of magnetic fields, forces, and materials for medical purposes. In particular, the treatment of osteochondral lesions is aimed for. To support ongoing activities in this field of research, last advances in using Finite Element Analysis (FEA) for the simulation of relevant processes, like magnetic targeting and magnetic fixation are reported. The availability of advanced ...

Multiphysical Modeling of Calcium Carbonate Transportation in UV Disinfection in Water Treatment

E. R. Blatchley[1], and B.Z. Sun[1]
[1]Department of Civil Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA

Mineral precipitation on to the quartz surface of the lamp jackets in UV disinfection process (fouling) has been recognized as a major problem for UV radiation delivery during disinfection operation. Fouling behavior was observed to be induced thermally and influenced by hydraulic character of the UV disinfection configuration. Fouling process involves momentum, heat, and mass transport within ...

High Coupling Factor Piezoelectric Materials for Bending Actuators: Analytical and Finite Elements Modeling Results

I.A. Ivan[1], M. Rakotondrabe[1], and N. Chaillet[1]
[1]FEMTO-ST Institute, University of Franche-Comte, Besançon, France

New giant piezoelectric factor materials such as PMN-PT and PZN-PT were researched during the last decade and are actually becoming commercially available. As they seem very attractive for actuator designs, we studied their potential in replacing PZT ceramics. In a first comparative approach, we tested a series of classic rectangular composite bimorph structures of different combinations of ...

Predicting Tsunami Waves by Combining Analytical and Finite Element Methods

N. Aage, R. Sigurbjörnsson, S. Laustsen, and O. Skovgaard
Technical University of Denmark

In this paper, a simple tsunami wave problem is studied. The geometry of consideration is an infinite ocean with appreciable variations of the ocean bottom. Long-wave theory is applied and the flow equations are linearized over depth. It is verified that it is possible to combine the use of analytical methods and COMSOL Multiphysics.

Including Expert Knowledge in Finite Element Models by Means of Fuzzy Based Parameter Estimation

O. Krol[1], N. Weiss[1], F. Sawo[1], and T. Bernard[1]

[1]Fraunhofer Institute for Information and Data Processing, Karlsruhe, Germany

In this paper we present a novel approach for modeling spatial distributed bio- chemical and environmental processes like the growth of plants and the related biochemical reactions. The physical phenomena like flow and mass transport can be described by fluid dynamics equations, but for effects like growth rates often no analytic models are available. However, in many cases experts have knowledge ...

Numerical Bifurcation Analysis of Relative Equilibria with COMSOL

V. Thümmler
Universität Bielefeld, Fakultät für Mathematik, Bielefeld

Relative equilibria are special solutions of partial differential equations (PDEs), which are stationary in an appropriate co-moving frame of reference. If the equation has a special symmetry property - equivariance, then one can transform the equation into the co-moving frame during the computation of the solution. We will show that this can be very convenient for numerical computations. We ...

A Modular Platform for Cell Characterization, Handling, and Sorting by Dielectrophoresis

S. Burgarella[1], B. Dell’Anna[2], V. Perna[1], G. Zarola[2], and S. Merlo[2]

[1]STMicroelectronics, Agrate Brianza, MI, Italy
[2]Dipartimento di Elettronica, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Pavia, Italy

Dielectrophoresis (DEP) is a method for cell manipulation without physical contact in lab-on-chip devices, since it exploits the dielectric properties of cells suspended in a microfluidic sample, under the action of locally generated high-gradient electric fields. The DEP platform that has been developed offers an integrated solution for customizable applications. Several functional units, ...

Reactor Design Improvements for a Propane Autothermal Reformer by Simulation of Momentum Flow

F. Cipitì, L. Pino, A. Vita, M. Laganà, and V. Recupero
CNR-ITAE, Messina

The paper presents a two-dimensional model to describe the gas flow in a propane autothermal reactor, developed at the CNR-ITAE Institute, and aimed to design a Beta 5 kWe hydrogen generator, named HYGen II, to be used with Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells (PEFCs) for residential applications. The main aim of the mathematical model was to optimize the reactor geometrical key parameters (diameter ...

A Study of Lubricating Flows in MEMS Bearings

E. Gutierrez-Miravete[1], and J. Streeter[2]

[1]Department of Engineering and Science, Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
[2]Optiwind, Torrington, Connecticut, USA

The bearing and shaft are part of a safe and arm device constructed as an assembly by a multi-layer additive/subtractive plating and planarization processes (EFAB technology). Devices are constructed by a multi-layer additive/subtractive planarization process. This paper evaluates the lubricating flow between the shaft and journal of the MEMS bearing for seven configurations. The pressure ...

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