Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Electromagnetic Wave Simulation in Fusion Plasmas

O. Meneghini[1], and S. Shiraiwa[1]
[1]Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA

COMSOL has been used to model the propagation of electromagnetic waves in fusion plasmas. For the first time, a finite element method has been used to solve the wave propagation for realistic fusion plasma parameters in the lower hybrid and ion cyclotron frequency ranges. Moreover, for lower hybrid waves, a new efficient iterative algorithm has been developed to take into account the dispersive ...

An Agglomerate Model for the Rationalisation of MCFC Cathode Degradation

B. Bozzini[1], S. Maci[1], I. Sgura[2], R. Lo Presti[3], and E. Simonetti[3]
[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Innovazione, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
[2]Dipartimento di Matematica, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
[3]ENEA Casaccia, Dipartimento TER, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, S. Maria di Galeria, Roma, Italy

This paper describes the numerical modeling of a key material-stability issue within the realm of Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells (MCFC). The model describes the morphological and attending electrocatalytic evolution of porous NiO electrodes and is apt to predict electrochemical observables that can be recorded during Fuel Cell operation. The model has been validated with original experimental data ...

Simulation of Electromagnetic Enhancement in Transition Metamaterials using COMSOL

I. Mozjerin[1], T. Gibson[1], and N.M. Litchinitser[1]
[1]Department of Electrical Engineering, The State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, USA

Metamaterials are a new class of artificial materials, which possess various unusual properties. One of these properties is a negative index of refraction produced by setting both the dielectric permittivity ε and the magnetic permeability μ of the material less than zero. Unique electromagnetic phenomena occurring at the interface between negative-index materials and conventional ...

COMSOL Implementation of Valet-Fert Model for CPP GMR devices

T. Xu[1], C.K.A. Mewes[1], S. Gupta[2], and W.H. Butler[1]
[1]Department of Physics and Astronomy and Center for Materials for Information Technology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA
[2]Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering and Center for Materials for Information Technology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA

The Giant Magneto Resistance (GMR) effect is a quantum mechanical effect which can be observed in systems consisting of thin alternating ferromagnetic and non-ferromagnetic layers. Simulation using COMSOL allows the evaluation of the magneto-resistance ratio and the electrical resistances of realistic CPP-GMR devices and opens the possibility to study new device materials and designs.

Deep Desulfurization of Diesel Using a Single-Phase Micro-Reactor

G. Jovonavic[1], J. Jones[1], and A. Yokochi[1]
[1]School of Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA

This paper describes the benefits of computational fluid dynamics in the development of a microreactor used in the desulfurization of aromatic compounds. It is crucial to verify diffusion and extinction coefficients to ensure accurate simulation results prior to experiments. COMSOL Multiphysics was used to model the behavior of all of the possible species present and reactions that may occur.

Numerical Investigation for Hydrogen Production using a Proton Exchange Water Electrolysis Cell

S.P. Katukota, J. Chen, and R.F. Boehm
University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) electrolysis is potentially a sustainable and cost-effective technology for generating hydrogen. The present work is aimed to develop a numerical model for the PEM electrolyzer cell.

Numerical Optimisation of Design Parameters in a Silicon-Based Microchannel Heat Sink

Shahrir b. Abdullah
Associate Professor
Faculty of Engineering
National University of Malaysia

In this presentation, a silicon-based microchannel heat sink with single and counter flows is modeled. The fluid flow and heat transfer inside the microchannels are simulated and analyzed, and optimisation of the design parameters is performed. Keynote speaker's biography:Shahrir Abdullah is a technical expert on COMSOL Multiphysics. He has conducted seminars, workshops & lecturers on ...

Hybrid Photonic Crystal Simulation

Mohd Hanapiah Mohd Yusoff
Lecturer
Faculty of Applied Science
MARA Technology University
Malaysia

In this presentation, a 1.31/1.55μm wavelength division multiplexer (WDM) based on a 1-D linear array photonic band gap (PBG) structure interconnected with an input/output 2-D PBG array is presented. The linear array coupler parameters were obtained using eigen-mode expansion (EME) aided by optimization techniques based on global and local simplex search algorithm. The design is verified ...

Simulated Suspended Solid Concentrations of Secondary Clarifiers in the Activated Sludge Process using the COMSOL Multiphysics Program

C. Gavrila1, and I. Gruia2
1Technical University of Civil Engineering, Bucharest, Romania
2University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania

An activated sludge system accomplishes an enhanced biological purification of wastewater, and is the most frequently used system to purify such.The purification of wastewaters are dynamical systems, operating under important and uncontrolled variations of concentration and composition of the polluting substances. Mathematical models are essential for describing, predicting, and controlling these ...

Modeling the Coupled Heat and Mass Transfer during Fires in Stored Biomass, Coal and Recycling Deposits

F. Ferrero, M. Malow, A. Berger, and U. Krause
Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und prüfung (BAM), Berlin, Germany

In this paper, advances in the development of a numerical model for predicting the possibility of self-ignition in stored biomass, coal heaps or underground seams and dump deposits are presented. Results from the performed simulations are compared with experimental data. Finally, some conclusions and the possibilities for future work are drawn.

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