Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Analysis of an Electromagnet for Diverse Safety Rod Drive Mechanism

N. Subbulu[1], P. Sharma[1], V. Sharma[1], S.K. Das[1], R. Veerasamy[1], B. Krishnakumar[1], P. Kalyanasundaram[1], and G. Vaidyanathan[1]
[1] Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu, India

Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR) has two independent, diverse, fast acting & fail safe shut down systems to achieve the required level of safety & reliability (1). The shut down systems comprises of nine numbers of Control & Safety Rod Drive Mechanisms (CSRDM) & three numbers of Diverse Safety Rod Drive Mechanisms (DSRDM). DSRDM facilitates SCRAM of the reactor on abnormal ...

Cellular Convection in Vertical Annuli at roof slab of Fast Breeder Reactor

M. G. Hemanath[1], C. Meikandamurthy[1], G. Padmakumar[1], C. A. Babu[1], P. Kalyanasundaram[1], and G. Vaidyanathan[1]
[1] Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu, India

In the pool type Fast Breeder Reactors the roof structure is penetrated by a number of pumps and heat exchangers which are cylindrical in shape. Argon gas in reactor is sandwiched between the free surface of sodium and the roof structure and can flow in the annular space between the components and roof structure forming a thermosyphon. These hermosyphons not only transport heat from sodium to ...

Modeling the Behavior of Phased Arrays in Brain Tissue: Application to Deep Brain Stimulation

V. Valente[1], A. Demosthenous[1], and R. Bayford[2]

[1]Department of Electronic & Electrical Engineering, University College London, London, United Kingdom
[2]Department of Natural Sciences, Middlesex University, London, United Kingdom

Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is a therapeutic tool used for a number of neurological disorders including chronic pain, incontinence and movement disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease. DBS consists of the low-frequency stimulation of an area of the brain, known as basal ganglia. The stimulation is provided by clinical implant, consisting of a pulse generator and an electrode lead ...

Radionuclide Transport Through Different Routes Near a Deposition Hole for Spent Nuclear Fuel

V-M.S. Pulkkanen[1]

[1]VTT, Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland

Radionuclide transport modeling is a part of the research concerning geological disposal of spent nuclear fuel. Typically, the transport models near a single deposition hole focus on the reactions of nuclides, while the model geometry and the flow of groundwater are often simplified. In this paper, instead, a radionuclide transport model in a detailed 3D geometry with no reactions is introduced. ...

A Multiscale Numerical Model of a Deformable Isothermal Nonwetting Liquid Drop

Smith, M.K., Neitzel, G.P.
The George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institue of Technology, Atlanta, GA

A state of permanent, isothermal nonwetting of a solid surface by a normally wetting liquid may be achieved by having the surface move tangentially to a liquid drop that is pressed against it. Surrounding gas is swept into the space between the liquid and solid creating a lubricating film that prevents wetting. The length scales of the drop and the film are typically three or more orders of ...

Skeletal Reduction of Boundary Value Problems over Thin Solids

Suresh, K.
University of Wisconsin – Madison

Boundary value problems posed over thin solids are amenable to a dimensional reduction in that one or more spatial variables may be eliminated from the governing equation, resulting in significant computational gains with minimal loss in accuracy. Extant dimensional reduction techniques unfortunately rely on representing the solid as a hypothetical mid-surface plus a possibly varying thickness. ...

Modeling Heat and Oxygen Atom Diffusion in Nuclear Fuel Rods with FEMLAB

Ramirez, J.C., Cristea, P., Stan, M.
Materials Science & Technology Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory

The nuclear reaction is modeled as a uniformly distributed volumetric heat source. All heat is conducted from the fuel towards the outer surface of the cladding. A number of results are presented.

Surface tension driven flow during oxygen top blowing of liquid copper

Marin, T.1, 2, Utigard, T.1
1 Univeristy of Toronto, Materials Science and Engineering
2 Universidad de Chile, Departamento de Ingenieria de Minas

The rate of liquid copper oxidation plays an important role in the separation of impurities from copper during fire refining. A finite elements numerical model using FEMLAB 3.1 for the oxidation of liquid copper during top blowing of oxygen/nitrogen mixtures is presented and compared to experimental results. In this model, surface tension driven flow arising from gradients of oxygen ...

Computations on the coupled heat and mass transfer during fires in bulk materials, coal deposits and waste dumps

Krause, U., Schmidt, M., Lohrer, C.
Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM), Division II.2 “Reactive Substances and systems”, Berlin, Germany

In porous combustible matter low-rate oxidation takes place at ambient conditions. In large stockpiles of bulk goods, coal heaps, waste dumps etc. it may occur that the heat released by the oxidation reaction is not fully transmitted to the surroundings but raises the temperature within the deposit. This triggers a positive feed-back loop since the oxidation rate increases with temperature. The ...

Phenomena of transient thermal transfers coupled with chemical reactions in an energetic material

Longuet, B.1, Gillard, P.1, 2
1 Laboratoire Energétique Explosions et Structures – Université d’Orléans, Bourges Cedex
2 Etablissement Technique de BourgeS, Rocade Est – Echangeur de Guerry, Bourges Cedex

An energetic material, subjected to an abnormal thermal environment, can undergo cookoff involving a variety of thermal, chemical and mechanical processes. The ability to predict not only the time to cookoff reaction but also the site and the degree of reaction violence that will occur in an ammunition is the principal goal in the current cookoff modelling efforts. Considering our knowledge of ...

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