K. Tarnowski, W. Salejda
Institute of Physics, Wroclaw University of Technology, Wroclaw, Poland
Currently there is much interest in electromagnetic metamaterials [1-9]. In our work we have focused on design of tunable metamaterial which can be made within available technology. In proposed design we use metallic split-ring resonators and thin-wires (Figure 1). Moreover we have decided to introduce nematic liquid crystal layer in design to obtain tunability (Figure 2). One can control ...
J. Kantor, Y. Feng, C. Acosta, E. Massingill
University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA
Cryotherapy and thermotherapy are common methods of treatment for acute injuries ranging from ankle sprains to complex surgery. The idea behind such treatment is that a change in temperature will reduce pain and constrict fluctuations in blood flow at the targeted area. The purpose of this study is to simulate the vascularized tissue reaction and the resulting blood flow fluctuation from thermal ...
Inverse Method for Calculating the Temperature-Dependent Thermal Conductivity of Nuclear Materials - new
T. Pavlov[1,2], P. Van Uffelen, L. Vlahovic, D. Staicu, M. Wenman, R. W. Grimes, ,
Institute for Transuranium Elements, Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen, Germany
Department of Materials, Imperial College London, London, UK
The high temperature measurement of thermal conductivity is vital for predicting nuclear fuel performance both during reactor operation and accident conditions. The proposed method uses experimental thermograms obtained via high temperature laser-flash heating of a disc-shaped sample in combination with finite element analysis and parameter optimization to calculate the thermal conductivity ...
Modelling of the Dynamical Fluorescent Micro-Thermal Imaging Experiment on the Heat Diffusion in the La5Ca9Cu24O41 Spin Ladder Compound - new
E. Khadikova, F. de Haan, P. H. M. van Loosdrecht
Zernike Institute for Advanced Materials, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands
Department of Physics, University of Cologne, Köln, Germany
The dynamical fluorescent micro-thermal imaging (FMI) experiment has been used to investigate the phonon-magnon interaction in the 1D Heisenberg antiferromagnet La5Ca9Cu24O41. This material shows highly anisotropic heat conductivity due to the efficient magnetic heat transport along the spin ladders in the compound carried by magnetic excitations (magnons). To extract information on the phonon ...
R. P. Ruby, G. Kulkarni, U. Kanade
Noumenon Multiphysics Pvt. Ltd., Pune, Maharashtra, India
Seals leak primarily at the interface between seal and cavity (Figure 1). At a microscopic level, the interface between the seal and cavity consists of regions of contact between the two elements, and voids. The voids are connected to each other, forming a microscopic system of caverns through which the leaking fluid flows (Figure 2). In two previous papers, we investigated the microgeometry of ...
H.H. Chen-Mayer, and R. Tosh
Ionizing Radiation Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA
Water calorimetry is employed to establish a primary reference standard for radiation dosimetry by measuring the temperature rises in a water phantom (a cube of about 30 cm x 30 cm x 30 cm) subjected to a beam of ionizing radiation. We use COMSOL Multiphysics to model the system using the Heat Transfer module and the Incompressible Navier-Stokes module with a geometry of 2D-axial ...
Screening Effects in Probing the Electric Double Layer by Scanning Electrochemical Potential Microscopy
R.F. Hamou, P.U. Biedermann, A. Erbe, and M. Rohwerder
Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Düsseldorf, Germany
A computational method is developed to study probing the electric double layer by Scanning Electrochemical Potential Microscopy. The model is based on a modified Poisson- Boltzmann equation, which takes into account steric effects. We investigated the effect of metallic apex protrusion and the Open Circuit Potential (OCP) of the tip on the probed potential. A clear electrostatic screening effect ...
F. Pulvirenti, M. Aloisi, G. De Guidi, M. Mattia, and C. Monaco
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy
Dipartimento di Scienze Geologiche, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy
Structural, morphological and ground deformation studies suggest that the eastern flank of Mt. Etna (eastern Sicily) is spreading seaward. Three contrasting models have been proposed: deep-seated spreading, shallow sliding and tectonic block movements. In order to better understand the kinematics of instability processes on eastern flank of Mt. Etna, a numerical simulation has been applied to a ...
R.E. Tosh, and H.H. Chen-Mayer
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA
Primary reference standards for determining absorbed dose to water in radiotherapy beams used at cancer clinics and hospitals ultimately must make reference to the temperature change in water produced by ionizing radiation. The most direct experimental technique for this purpose is water calorimetry. Since the dose distributions delivered by such beams are nonuniform, temperature signals ...
L. Yuan and P.C. Pedersen
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA
Finite element models using COMSOL Multiphysics and MATLAB were developed to solve the problem of stress distribution interior homogeneous, isotropic, incompressible elastic solid material under known vertical external compression with a rectangular contact surface. Moreover, comparison between these results and analytical solutions was used to further validate that stress drops off with ...