Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Evaluation of Internal Resistance and Power Loss in Micro Thermoelectric Generators (µTEGs)

S. Seif[1], K. Cadien[1]
[1]Department of Chemical & Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada

One of the major challenges in designing µTEGs is to minimize power loss due to internal resistance (r) of Thermoelectric (TE) materials. To solve this problem we have performed simulation analysis and calculated the internal resistance of eight different TE materials. The internal resistances of these TE materials were then compared to the power generated across the copper electrode as seen in ...

Empirical Model Dedicated to the Sensitivity Study of Acoustic Hydrogen Gas Sensors Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

A. Ndieguene[1], I. Kerroum[1], F. Domingue[1], A. Reinhardt[2]
[1]Laboratoire des Microsystèmes et de Télécommunications/Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Trois-Rivières, QC, Canada
[2]Laboratoire d’Électronique et des Technologies de l’Information, CEA, LETI Grenoble, France

Due to the increasing demand for hydrogen gas sensors for applications such as automation, transportation, or environmental monitoring, the need for sensitive and reliable sensors with a short response time is increasing. This paper presents an empirical model that studies the sensitivity of acoustic hydrogen gas sensors. A parametric study based on the variation of physical properties of ...

An Assessment of the Suitability of the Body and Adult Head Coils for Transmission during Paediatric Magnetic Resonance Imaging

G.R. Cook[1], M.J. Graves[1], F.J. Robb[2], D.J. Lomas[1]
[1]Department of Radiology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
[2]General Electric Healthcare Coils, Aurora, Ohio, USA

MRI offers many advantages over other modalities and its lack of ionizing radiation is important for children, but can be limited by the radio-frequency (RF) coils available. This work calculates Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) and homogeneity of the RF transmit field (B1+) when imaging infants in adult coils. Two birdcage-type coils were loaded by a tissue model and their B1+ homogeneities ...

3D COMSOL Multiphysics® Model of a Plate Heat Exchanger to Support a Laboratory Teaching Environment - new

N. Medeiros[1], W. Clark[1]
[1]Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

Chemical engineering students and practitioners need an understanding of fluid flow and heat transfer inside heat exchangers. Because the flow within plate heat exchangers is difficult to visualize, we developed COMSOL Multiphysics® simulations of plate heat exchangers for students to study alongside a physical heat exchanger in a laboratory setting. Simulative experiments allow students to ...

Time-Domain Model of the Inner Ear to Study Nonlinear Responses

K. Gladine [1], J. Soons [1], J. Dirckx [1]
[1] University of Antwerp, Belgium

The ear doesn’t solely listen but it also speaks. Sounds formed in the inner ear which are measurable in the outer ear are called Otoacoustic emissions (OAEs). Some claim these are produced by the outer hair cells (OHCs), the amplifiers in the inner ear. Our hypothesis is that the OHCs only amplify distortion products (DPs) but do not produce them.

Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Software for Benchmarking Problems in Cell Migration

M. Nickaeen [1], I. L. Novak [1], A. Mogilner [2], B. M. Slepchenko [1],
[1] Richard D. Berlin Center for Cell Analysis and Modeling, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT, USA
[2] Courant Institute and Department of Biology, New York University, New York, NY, USA

A recently published conservative algorithm for simulating reactions and transport in moving domains have been extended to models in which cell kinematics are coupled with intracellular dynamics. For this, the method that combines a Eulerian approach with tracking an explicit boundary was linked to FronTier, a robust front-tracking technique. The extended algorithm was validated using a set of ...

Implementation of Immersed Finite Element Method for Fluid-Structure Interaction Applications

N. Nama [1], T. J. Huang [1], F. Costanzo [1],
[1] Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, Pennsylvania State University, PA, USA

Fluid-structure interaction (FSI) refers to a class of problems in which the motions of fluid and solid are coupled. FSI is of great significance in many applications such as aero-elasticity, biomechanics, and design of various engineering systems. Typically, the multiphysics involved in the FSI problems render them too complex to solve analytically, necessitating the use of numerical ...

Simulation of Pearl-Chain Formation of Microparticles by Acoustic Standing Waves, including Inter-Particle Forces and Collisions

T. Baasch [1], J. Dual [1],
[1] ETH Zurich, Insitute for Mechanical Systems, Zurich, Switzerland

Acoustic standing waves can be used to manipulate micrometer sized particles, cells and organisms. In most applications these objects are driven towards pressure nodal lines, predominantly by the primary acoustic radiation force. Interestingly, at intermediate particle concentrations, detailed phenomena of line-formation and inter-line repulsion occur. Such phenomena are believed to be caused by ...

Modeling of a Direct Methanol Fuel Cell

J. Drillet [1],
[1] DECHEMA-Forschungsinstitut, Frankfurt, Germany

This work aims at the modelling of a 5 cm^2 Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC) with mixed serial/parallel serpentine flow fields in terms of current/voltage behavior. One of the main challenge to overcome consists on lowering the so-called methanol cross over from the anode through the polymer membrane to the cathode that is responsible for mixed-potential formation at the cathode where both ...

Modeling and Characterization of Piezoelectric Structures: From Bulk Material to Thin Film

M. Bavencoffe [1], N. Tembhurnikar [1], B. Negulescu [2], J. Wolfman [2], G. Feuillard [1]
[1] INSA Centre Val de Loire, GREMAN, UMR CNRS 7347, 3 rue de la Chocolaterie, 41034 Blois, France
[2] François Rabelais University, GREMAN, UMR CNRS 7347, Parc de Grandmont, 37200 Tours, France

With the development of micro and nanotechnologies, integrated structures based on piezoelectric thin films are widely investigated and their characterization become a crucial issue for the development of new applications. A laser interferometry is here used to assess the mechanical response in quasistatic regime of a piezoelectric sample. To complete this experimental approach, a numerical ...