Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Simulation of Auxin Accumulation and Transport in a Plant Root

M. A. Akhmanova [1], M. Fendrych [1], J. Friml [1]
[1] Institute of Science and Technology Austria, Klosterneuburg, Austria

Plant roots have an outstanding ability to grow in the direction of gravity or nutrients. Bending of the root tip in the preferred direction is achieved by asymmetric cell growth on the opposite sides of the root, dictated by asymmetrical distribution of the hormone auxin. Increase in auxin concentration inhibits elongation of cells, whereas decrease in auxin concentration stimulates elongation. ...

COMSOL® Simulation of Blister Actuated Laser Induced Forward Transfer (Ba-LIFT)

M. Morales [1], , J. J. Moreno [1] , D. Munoz-Martin [1] , C. Molpeceres [1]
[1]Centro Láser UPM, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain

Laser-induced forward transfer (LIFT) is a non-contact direct-write technique that enables the deposition of small volumes of material into user-defined high-resolution patterns with a wide range of structural and functional materials. There are many variations of the LIFT process, each differing in how the laser is absorbed and converted into the mechanical energy required for material ejection ...

石墨烯包裹海绵处理水面原油泄露问题

王永超 [1], 葛进 [1],
[1] 中国科学技术大学

海上石油泄漏不仅造成资源的浪费,还长期威胁着脆弱的生态系统。然而浮油具有面积大、油层薄、粘度大的特点,难以采用传统的技术和材料来有效地处理。作者利用石墨烯海绵疏水亲油、导电的特点,设计了一种原位加热的方法,有效地较低了原油的粘度,增大了油在海棉里的扩散系数,在解决快速吸附高粘度原油这一世界性难题方面取得了突破性进展。 在这个研究工作中,作者发现很难在实验上获得此方法的能量消耗情况,为了回答这个问题,作者应用 COMSOL® 软件,模拟了石墨烯海绵加热吸油的热传导过程。运用电流模块,模拟石墨烯泡沫通电加热升温的过程,用热传导模块模拟热量通过石墨烯泡沫传递到油、水、空气的过程,并且对电极分布方式进行了优化。作者统计了热量散失在各个组分的比例,结果表明,只有少部分的热量散失在水中,比起传统的电阻丝加热浮油的方法,能耗减少了 65%。

海底管线周围流场分析

叶智慧 [1], 宁禹强 [1], 陈冬 [1], 张佳亮 [1],
[1] 中国石油大学(北京)

海洋油气开采的过程中,油气在海底通过海底管线进行运输。当雷诺数改变时,海底管线周围的流场也会相应发生改变,因此研究管线周围流场分布对分析管线受力情况至关重要。本文研究了海底管道在层流和紊流的情况下,不同流速,不同的床面粗糙度以及不同位置海底管线等情况进行了建模和分析,绘制了不同情况下流场分布图。计算结果表明:(1)同一位置,不同流速下,海流绕流管线形成的流场不同,当流速超过某一限定值后,会出现涡流。(2)不同位置,相同速度下,海流绕流管线形成的流场有所不同。通过数值模拟,对不同情况下的管线受力情况有了清晰的认识,对工程实际操作可以起到指导作用。 关键词:海底管线;海流力;流型;数值模拟;

Nonlinear Ferrohydrodynamics of Magnetic Fluids

Markus Zahn
Professor,
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA

Markus Zahn received all his education at MIT, was a professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering at the University of Florida, Gainesville from 1970-1980, and then joined the MIT Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science faculty in 1980. He works in the Laboratory for Eelectromagnetic and Eelectronic Systems, in the MIT High Voltage Research Laboratory, is the Director ...

Modelling of Lintel-Masonry Interaction Using COMSOL

A. Vermeltfoort, and A. van Schijndel
Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands

An attempt was made, as described in this paper, to assign material properties like shear strength and modulus of elasticity randomly. In this way, the behaviour of a masonry wall with a prefabricated concrete lintel was experimentally tested and simulated using COMSOL. The paper confirms the possible use of COMSOL for modelling lintel-masonry interaction, including variation of mechanical ...

Finite-Element Evaluation of Thermal Response Tests Performed on U-Tube Borehole Heat Exchangers

E. Zanchini, and T. Terlizzese
[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Energetica, Nucleare e del Controllo Ambientale, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy

The results of two thermal response tests recently performed on two vertical borehole heat exchangers (BHEs) are presented. The BHEs have the same cross section and a depth of 100 m and 120 m respectively. The evaluation of the thermal properties of the ground and grout are performed by a finite-element simulation method, developed through the software package COMSOL Multiphysics 3.4.

Study of Artificial Molecular Engines Action Through COMSOL Multiphysics® Program

L. Moro[1], F. Lugli[1], and F. Zerbetto[1]

[1]Department of Chemistry “G. Ciamician”, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy

Rotaxanes are a class of molecules recently developed in laboratory that have been heralded as possible molecular motors. The motor is constituted by a linear molecule (thread) and a ring-shaped molecule (macrocycle), which is free to move along the thread, switching between two, or more, energetically stable interaction points (stations). Molecular motors start their functioning far from ...

Fundamental Three Dimensional Modeling and Parameter Estimation of a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst for Heavy Duty Trucks

A. Holmqvist[1] and C.U.I. Odenbrand[1]


[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, LTH, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

Mathematical optimization can be used as a computational engine to generate the best solution for a given problem in a systematic and efficient way. In the context of monolithic converter systems, the parameter estimation problem (or inverse problem) is solved using Partial Differential Equations (PDE)-based models of the physical system coupled with an optimization algorithm. These problems are ...

Modeling of a DBD Reactor for the Treatment of VOC

L. Braci[1], S. Ognier[1], and S. Cavadias[1]
[1]Laboratoire de Génie des Procédés Plasmas et Traitements de Surfaces, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Paris, University Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France

Non-thermal plasma, generated in atmospheric pressure discharges, has been investigated in our laboratory in order to treat highly diluted (300 ppm to 1000 ppm) volatile pollutant. The collision of electrons created in the discharge with atmospheric air, leads to the formation of reactive species that can totally or partially oxidize the pollutants at near ambient temperature. The purpose of the ...