M. A. Akhmanova , M. Fendrych , J. Friml 
 Institute of Science and Technology Austria, Klosterneuburg, Austria
Plant roots have an outstanding ability to grow in the direction of gravity or nutrients. Bending of the root tip in the preferred direction is achieved by asymmetric cell growth on the opposite sides of the root, dictated by asymmetrical distribution of the hormone auxin. Increase in auxin concentration inhibits elongation of cells, whereas decrease in auxin concentration stimulates elongation. ...
M. Morales , , J. J. Moreno  , D. Munoz-Martin  , C. Molpeceres 
Centro Láser UPM, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Laser-induced forward transfer (LIFT) is a non-contact direct-write technique that enables the deposition of small volumes of material into user-defined high-resolution patterns with a wide range of structural and functional materials. There are many variations of the LIFT process, each differing in how the laser is absorbed and converted into the mechanical energy required for material ejection ...
王永超 , 葛进 ,
海上石油泄漏不仅造成资源的浪费，还长期威胁着脆弱的生态系统。然而浮油具有面积大、油层薄、粘度大的特点，难以采用传统的技术和材料来有效地处理。作者利用石墨烯海绵疏水亲油、导电的特点，设计了一种原位加热的方法，有效地较低了原油的粘度，增大了油在海棉里的扩散系数，在解决快速吸附高粘度原油这一世界性难题方面取得了突破性进展。 在这个研究工作中，作者发现很难在实验上获得此方法的能量消耗情况，为了回答这个问题，作者应用 COMSOL® 软件，模拟了石墨烯海绵加热吸油的热传导过程。运用电流模块，模拟石墨烯泡沫通电加热升温的过程，用热传导模块模拟热量通过石墨烯泡沫传递到油、水、空气的过程，并且对电极分布方式进行了优化。作者统计了热量散失在各个组分的比例，结果表明，只有少部分的热量散失在水中，比起传统的电阻丝加热浮油的方法，能耗减少了 65%。
叶智慧 , 宁禹强 , 陈冬 , 张佳亮 ,
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
Markus Zahn received all his education at MIT, was a professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering at the University of Florida, Gainesville from 1970-1980, and then joined the MIT Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science faculty in 1980. He works in the Laboratory for Eelectromagnetic and Eelectronic Systems, in the MIT High Voltage Research Laboratory, is the Director ...
A. Vermeltfoort, and A. van Schijndel
Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands
An attempt was made, as described in this paper, to assign material properties like shear strength and modulus of elasticity randomly. In this way, the behaviour of a masonry wall with a prefabricated concrete lintel was experimentally tested and simulated using COMSOL. The paper confirms the possible use of COMSOL for modelling lintel-masonry interaction, including variation of mechanical ...
E. Zanchini, and T. Terlizzese
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Energetica, Nucleare e del Controllo Ambientale, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
The results of two thermal response tests recently performed on two vertical borehole heat exchangers (BHEs) are presented. The BHEs have the same cross section and a depth of 100 m and 120 m respectively. The evaluation of the thermal properties of the ground and grout are performed by a finite-element simulation method, developed through the software package COMSOL Multiphysics 3.4.
L. Moro, F. Lugli, and F. Zerbetto
Department of Chemistry “G. Ciamician”, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
Rotaxanes are a class of molecules recently developed in laboratory that have been heralded as possible molecular motors. The motor is constituted by a linear molecule (thread) and a ring-shaped molecule (macrocycle), which is free to move along the thread, switching between two, or more, energetically stable interaction points (stations). Molecular motors start their functioning far from ...
Fundamental Three Dimensional Modeling and Parameter Estimation of a Diesel Oxidation Catalyst for Heavy Duty Trucks
A. Holmqvist and C.U.I. Odenbrand
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, LTH, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
Mathematical optimization can be used as a computational engine to generate the best solution for a given problem in a systematic and efficient way. In the context of monolithic converter systems, the parameter estimation problem (or inverse problem) is solved using Partial Differential Equations (PDE)-based models of the physical system coupled with an optimization algorithm. These problems are ...
L. Braci, S. Ognier, and S. Cavadias
Laboratoire de Génie des Procédés Plasmas et Traitements de Surfaces, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Paris, University Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
Non-thermal plasma, generated in atmospheric pressure discharges, has been investigated in our laboratory in order to treat highly diluted (300 ppm to 1000 ppm) volatile pollutant. The collision of electrons created in the discharge with atmospheric air, leads to the formation of reactive species that can totally or partially oxidize the pollutants at near ambient temperature. The purpose of the ...