B. Chinè , M. Monno
Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy
Instituto Tecnologico de Costa Rica, Cartago, Costa Rica
Introduction: In metal foams production, nucleated gas bubbles expand in a heated metal in a mold, then the foam cool and solidify. Thereby energy, mass and momentum transfer mechanisms are present simultaneously in the system and must be taken into account. Metal foam (Figure 1) can be obtained by foaming a precursor, i.e. a mixing of aluminum (Al) powders with the blowing agent TiH2, placing it ...
Modeling Electric Fields in Slit Capillary Array Fluidic Actuators with Complex Electrode Geometries
J. Frey, A. Droitcour, D. Laser
Wave 80 Biosciences, San Francisco, CA, USA
With their small size, low manufacturing cost, fast transient response, and capacity to generate fluid power directly from small electrical power sources, microdevices incorporating electroosmostic flow (EOF) have wide-ranging applications, including newly developed high-performance bioassay systems suitable for use in resource-limited settings. We report on a class of EOF-based devices called ...
Modeling a Non-Flooding Hybrid Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell and Related Diffusion-Migration-Reaction Systems
B.E. McNealy, J.L. Hertz
University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA
Introduction: Understanding the mass and charge transport behavior of heterogeneous systems that include diffusion, migration, and reaction of ions is important in fuel cells, batteries, and other electrochemical applications. Here, a numerical model for charged species transport and reaction has been developed to simulate the electrochemical behavior of a novel type of “non-flooding” hybrid ...
A. Levy, G.P. Picher Martel, P. Hubert
McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada
Thermoplastic composite such as APC2 (Carbon/PEEK) are usually shipped as semi-finite tape products. Final product is obtained with forming by applying heat and pressure. A key phenomena is the squeezing of the tape. In this paper we compare the solution of the squeeze flow using a finite element method, an analytical model under lubrication assumption and experimental data. The finite element ...
B. S. Kavitha, S. B. Rudraswamy, C. R. Venugopal
SJCE, Mysore, Karnataka, India
This paper will describe the dependence of capacitive accelerometer characteristics on the accelerometers physical dimension and its material properties. The sense element of the accelerometer is designed on the basis of a commercially available torsion based accelerometer technology. The sense element consists of an asymmetrically shaped flat plate of metal supported above a substrate surface by ...
Reliability Enhancement of Bio MEMS based Cantilever Array Sensors for Antigen Detection System using Heterogeneous Modular Redundancy
L. S. Sundharam
Kumaraguru college of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil nadu, India
The objective of the work is to propose a reliability enhancement model for antigen detection system (ADS) using bio MEMS based cantilever array sensors using heterogeneous modular redundancy technique. The reliability of the ADS is expressed in terms of the constituent sub systems which are heterogeneous not only in their respective structures and behaviors but also in their forms. The possible ...
Toward an Evaluation of the Tonal Colouring of the Japanese koto using COMSOL Multiphysics and Acoustics Module
The University of Adelaide, Adelaide City, South Australia, Australia
This paper investigates the potential for a multidisciplinary approach using COMSOL Multiphysics for the evaluation of the tonal colouring of the Japanese koto (13-stringed zither). It uses Ando’s classic acoustic studies (1986; 1996) as a benchmark for the analysis of the natural resonant frequencies and design of the sounding body of the koto. It reports on the development of the model and ...
Application of Kelvin's Inversion Theorem to the Solution of Laplace's Equation Over a Domain That Includes the Unbounded Exterior of a Sphere
Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL, USA
In simulating physical systems modeled as solutions of partial differential equations over an unbounded domain, a challenge arises owing to the impossibility to cover an unbounded domain with a mesh. A classical problem in fluid dynamics, a solid sphere of radius a_s is submerged in a tank of water (at rest) of much larger size. The water is disturbed by the sphere’s sudden acceleration in the ...
R. V. Arimilli, A. H. Nejad, K. Ekici
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
A new simple air-cooled inverter design is numerically investigated using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The thermal-fluid analysis is based on a three-dimensional conjugate heat transfer model in which the flow field is assumed to be laminar. A rigorous mesh convergence was performed to ensure that the overall energy balance error is within engineering accuracy while the computational cost is ...
Fully Coupled FEM Modeling of the Swelling Behavior of Human Intervertebral Disc in Response to a Change in Chemical Environment
G. K. Mistri, K. J. Suthar
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
The swelling behavior of human intervertebral disc is strongly influenced by chemical changes in the surrounding environment. Swelling of IVD is governed by various physical phenomena, including chemical and electric potential based transport, electrical charge balance, and swelling due to concentration difference within IVD relative to surrounding fluid. This change in geometry can be described ...