S. Seif, K. Cadien
Department of Chemical & Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
One of the major challenges in designing µTEGs is to minimize power loss due to internal resistance (r) of Thermoelectric (TE) materials. To solve this problem we have performed simulation analysis and calculated the internal resistance of eight different TE materials. The internal resistances of these TE materials were then compared to the power generated across the copper electrode as seen in ...
Empirical Model Dedicated to the Sensitivity Study of Acoustic Hydrogen Gas Sensors Using COMSOL Multiphysics®
A. Ndieguene, I. Kerroum, F. Domingue, A. Reinhardt
Laboratoire des Microsystèmes et de Télécommunications/Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Trois-Rivières, QC, Canada
Laboratoire d’Électronique et des Technologies de l’Information, CEA, LETI Grenoble, France
Due to the increasing demand for hydrogen gas sensors for applications such as automation, transportation, or environmental monitoring, the need for sensitive and reliable sensors with a short response time is increasing. This paper presents an empirical model that studies the sensitivity of acoustic hydrogen gas sensors. A parametric study based on the variation of physical properties of ...
Z. Aljobeh, G. Argueta
Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, IN, USA
A numerical model was developed to make spatial and temporal predictions of the water quality for Brewster Lake, located in southwestern Michigan. The model considers the hydrodynamics of the lake, hydrologic conditions, physical, chemical and biochemical processes that take place in the lake, and nutrient loadings from the surrounding watershed. Physical, chemical, and biochemical data ...
Análise de Influência da Utilização de Propriedades Termodependentes na Simulação de Juntas Soldadas
A. A. S. B. Cruz , N. S. B. da Silva ,
 Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, PB, Brasil
Visando minimizar os cálculos envolvidos em simulações numéricas de juntas soldadas e diminuir a quantidade de informações necessárias, busca-se fazer simplificações que não tenham influências consideráveis nos resultados. Para o presente trabalho, analisou-se, através do COMSOL Multiphysics, o impacto das propriedades dos materiais dependentes da temperatura neste tipo de simulação. Para ...
S. Soldatov , J. Meiser , B. Lepers , G. Link , J. Jelonnek ,
 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT, IHM), Karlsruhe, Germany
 Carl Meiser GmbH & Co. KG, Albstadt, Germany
 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT, IHM, IHE), Karlsruhe, Germany
The lamination of substrates with thin coatings is commonly used in furniture, automotive and avionic industries. In the lamination process the hot melt adhesives are widely used and typically activated at temperatures from 80°C to 140°C by resistive heating. This requires a heat transfer through the coating and/or the substrate. To make the process more flexible, to decrease its energy ...
J. Drillet ,
 DECHEMA-Forschungsinstitut, Frankfurt, Germany
This work aims at the modelling of a 5 cm^2 Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC) with mixed serial/parallel serpentine flow fields in terms of current/voltage behavior. One of the main challenge to overcome consists on lowering the so-called methanol cross over from the anode through the polymer membrane to the cathode that is responsible for mixed-potential formation at the cathode where both ...
Influence of Non-Newtonian Blood Viscosity on Wall Pressure in Right Coronary Arteries with Serial Stenoses
B. Liu 
 Monmouth University, West Long Branch, NJ, USA
Three dimensional mathematical models are developed to simulate the blood flows in patient specific right coronary arteries with two stenoses. Simulations are carried out with various flow parameters under physiological conditions. Both Newtonian and non-Newtonian blood viscosity models are applied in the simulations to examine the influence of non-Newtonian viscosity of blood on the wall ...
王威 , 周超 ,
微纳米马达是一种能将周围环境的能量转化为自身自主运动的新型智能仿生材料，其在药物的运输与释放，低维材料的合成以及软物质研究中有着重要的应用。基于自电泳的双金属棒马达是研究时间最长的一类马达，它有着与自然界中类似的自组装和群体行为的特性。但是其运动机理复杂且涉及到多个物理场的紧密耦合，这就为其进一步的研究和应用带来了一定的困难。 COMSOL Multiphysics® 可以方便地进行多物理场的模拟。图(1)展示了双金属棒的自电泳机理， 由于棒两端的化学反应造成了带电离子浓度的分布不均匀，进而产生自生电场驱动马达运动。其中传质过程、流体流动以及电场形成相互影响，环环相扣。基于以上物理过程，我们对 COMSOL 中稀物质传递，静电和蠕动流接口进行了有效的耦合，从而实现了马达周围离子场，电场和流场的模拟(图2)，在此基础之上，我们研究了马达的运动速度(图3) ...
T. Roy,, P. Ranjan, , R. Balasubramaniam
Homi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai, India
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India
Micro electrical discharge machining (MEDM), a scaled down version of EDM process, is a micro machining process used to fabricate micro holes and intricate shapes in electrically conductive materials irrespective of its hardness. In this process, an electric spark is generated in the gap between the two electrodes (tool as cathode and workpiece as anode) submerged in dielectric that leads to a ...
A. W. M. van Schijndel ,
 Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Finite element based modeling is one of the most powerful computational tools currently available. Amongst others a possible drawback could be the computation duration time, that can be expected at transient nonlinear problems, or at more simple problems with a large time span. One of the possible solutions is trying simplify the FEM model into a lower order system without losing its ...