Modelling of a 5 Cell Intermediate Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell (IT-PEFC) Stack: Analysis of Flow Configuration and Heat Transfer
A.S. Chandan, A. Mossadegh Pour, R. Steinberger-Wilckens
Centre for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells (PEFCs) are a key technology in the advancement of society towards a low carbon future, in particular for use within the automotive sector. PEFCs are advantageous due to their low operating temperature (60-80 deg.C), quick start up times and responsiveness to load change. However, the requirement for expensive platinum, difficulty of water management and heat ...
J. S. Crompton, H. Singh, K. Koppenhoefer
AltaSim Technologies, LLC, Columbus, OH, USA
In response to continued miniaturization and increased multi-functionality of electronic circuits, the number of integrated circuit (IC) packages on the circuit board continues to increase. As a consequence the operating power density increases and significant increases in the operating temperature of devices result. To maintain operation and long term performance device temperature must be ...
M. Bortoloni, M. Bottarelli, Y. Su
Department of Engineering, University of Ferrara, Este, Italy
Department of Architecture, University of Ferrara, Este, Italy
Faculty of Engineering, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK
In ground-coupled heat pumps (GCHPs) the coupling between heat pumps and ground occurs by means of ground heat exchangers, that can be installed vertically inside boreholes (BHEs) or horizontally (HGHEs). In the horizontal installation, the heat exchangers are placed in shallow trenches dug few meters deep in soil. Unlike BHEs which benefit from the relatively stable temperature of deep soil, ...
A. H. Ito, S. R. Lautenschlager, J. H. C. Reis, A. Belincanta
Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Maringá, PR, Brazil
The percolation of water into soil can be modeled considering Darcy's Law in laminar flow. In this manner the key property is the coefficient of hydraulic conductivity. Its determination can be made through laboratory or field testing. One of the most known field tests used for determination of this property is the Slug Test. This test consists of a perforated well in the ground where a known ...
U. Mohite, N. Bhatia
Mahindra Two Wheelers Ltd., Pune, Maharashtra, India
Noise radiated from automotive engine is gaining significance in order to meet regulations concerning noise levels and to fulfill customer demands of quiet products. In IC engines, combustion pressure is one of the major excitations which is transmitted through powertrain to the casings and radiates noise. Structural and acoustical modeling and simulation methods can be used to predict and ...
A Lesson in Cartilage Therapy: Do Chondrocytes Utilize Mechanical Energy from Exercise for Cell Maintenance and Growth?
A. Miller , H. Viljoen , A. Chama , T. Louw ,
 Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Nebraska - Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, USA
 Department of Chemical Engineering, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa
- Using COMSOL Multiphysics® Acoustics Module: Chondrocytes modeled attached to a plane (to mimic in vivo constraints) are shown to resonate near 5MHz. At resonance, the mechanical energy density in the nucleus is two times higher than in the cytoplasm. - Impact exercise is modeled as traveling pressure pulses and shown to cause cells to vibrate primarily at the resonance frequency. - Two ...
B. Noailles  , S. Meunier , V. Bruyere 
 RocTool, Savoie Technolac, Module R, France
 SIMTEC, France
In the molding industry, high productivity rate, low energy consumption, large 3D parts, and homogeneous temperature distribution are the main targets. The 3iTech® inductive technology developed by RocTool ensures both good temperature homogeneity and short heating time. Conventionally, to guarantee efficient cooling, a turbulent water flow is directly integrated into the mold. Ideally, to cope ...
S. Swargam , S. Devasahayam , S. Wankhar ,
 Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
 Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
Using a Realistic Human Head model to simulate the effect of electrical stimulation can be useful in understanding field distribution in the brain and therefore, the actual point of stimulation before doing it on human subject. With the help of this model, parameters like the stimulus strength as well as electrode placement and its effect can be tested much more easily while targeting a ...
V. Sharma, S. K. Dash, G. Vijaykumar, B. K. Nashine, B. Krishnakumar, P. Kalyanasundaram, and G. Vaidyanathan
Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu, India
Permanent Magnet Flowmeter (PMFM) is a non invasive device, which is used to measure the flow of electricallyconducting sodium in Fast Breeder Reactor Circuits. PMFM works on the principle of generation of motional EMF by magnetic forces exerted on the charges in a moving conductor. In this paper modeling of PMFM with different pipe sizes is done to predict the flowmeter output for a given ...
C. Heining and N. Aksel
Applied Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany
We study the gravity-driven film flow of a Newtonian liquid down an inclined plane. Many applications such as heat- and mass exchangers and evaporators or film coaters require undulated or rippled bottom topographies. In these cases, the interplay of gravity, surface tension and inertia leads to a response of the interface which furthermore strongly depends on the shape of the bottom topography. ...