R. Ernst, C. Garnier, P. Petitpas, and C. Trassy
SIMAP-EPM Laboratory (CNRS), Saint Martin d'Hères, France
The cold crucible is a useful tool for the elaboration of high purity materials by electromagnetic fields. The application areas range from titanium part elaboration, for the aeronautic industry or in medical prosthesis, to silicon purification for the photovoltaic industry. In this paper, the main results of a 3D electromagnetic model of a cold crucible from a former paper are briefly ...
A Finite Element Analysis of the Influence of Morphology on Barrier Properties of Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites
D. L. Statler Jr., and R. K. Gupta
Department of Chemical Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
Nanocomposites, formed by dispersing a few weight-percent of nanometer-thick platelets of organically-coated montmorillonite clay in a variety of polymers, are being used in food packaging applications. The clay platelets reduce the diffusion coefficient of gases, such as carbon dioxide and water vapor, and prolong the shelf-life of packaged foods and carbonated beverages. Here we use the COMSOL ...
C. Hollenstein, and A. Howling
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland
Finite elements using COMSOL Multiphysics have been used to simulate the edge plasma in a large area capacitively coupled RF reactor. In order to reduce numerical difficulties simplified reactor edge geometries have been used. First results show the importance of electrostatic double layers within this plasma. In addition the non-uniform behaviour of the plasma sheath around convex and ...
M. Bachmann, V. Avilov, A. Gumenyuk, and M. Rethmeier
BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing
The article deals with the magnetically-supported high-power full-penetration laser beam welding of aluminum. A stationary simulation was conducted accounting for the effects of natural convection, Marangoni convection and solid-liquid phase transition as well as an electromagnetic volume source term. An ac magnet below the weld specimen induces eddy currents. Consequently, Lorentz forces occur ...
H. Arab, S. Memiaghe, C. Akyel
Ecole Polytechnique of Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada
This paper deals with a numerical modelling technique based on finite elements method for computing magnetic field and current density distributions in high temperature Superconducting (HTS) tapes. The model is developed using the T-ῼ formulation for which the degree of freedom (DOF) and the CPU time decreased considerably in AC losses analysis, and it is also observe that T-ῼ formulation ...
H. Chen-Mayer, R. E. Tosh
NIST, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
Microcalorimetry for standardizing activities of radionuclide samples entails measurements of input power heat flow from the sample cell, with the radioactive sample compared to the reference cell under balanced conditions. The measurement is susceptible to noise due to drift and 1/f effects; thus, a better result might be expected with periodic insertion of the source into the sample chamber and ...
F. Greco, J. van Herle, A. Nakajo
FUELMAT Group, Institute of Mechanical Engineering, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
A solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is composed of four layers (anode, electrolyte compatibility layer and cathode) of different ceramic materials. The anode layer is produced by tape casting, the remaining layers are deposited by screen-printing. The layers are sintered together at high temperatures. During heating up and cooling down (manufacturing process), stresses are generated in the layers due ...
Stochastic Diffusion of Calcium Ions Through a Nanopore in the Cell Membrane Created by Electroporation
O. Henao, V. Gómez, I. De La Pava, J. Sánchez 
Grupo Fisiología Celular y Aplicada, Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, Pereira, Risaralda, Colombia
We simulated the diffusion of calcium ions through a nanopore created in the cell membrane by electroporation, in presence and absence of the external electric field responsible of the membrane permeabilization. First we solved the set of coupled differential equations that describe the process of ionic diffusion in a 2D nanopore model using the AC/DC Module and the Transport of Diluted Species ...
F. E. Hizir, H. M. Al-Qahtani[1, 2], D. E. Hardt
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
Microcontact printing is a method for depositing patterns of thin films or molecular monolayers on surfaces using a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) stamp for selective mechanical contact (Figure 1). Undesired deformation of the stamp features during printing affects printed pattern quality. Hence, stamps need to be well-designed to prevent erroneous prints. Existing investigations identify the ...
C. Belavý, G. Hulkó, S. Lipár, B. Barbolyas
Institute of Automation, Measurement and Applied Informatics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovak Republic
In the paper, first a basic concept of the engineering approach for modeling and control of distributed parameter systems (DPS) based on interpretation of controlled systems as lumped input and distributed output systems (LDS) is introduced. Next, FEM modeling of temperature fields in casting mould and extruder body as real DPS by means of the software environment COMSOL Multiphysics® is ...