P. Graak , S. Kaur , A. Gupta , P. Chhabra , D. Kumar , A. Shetty 
 Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana, India
 Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
The ambient vibrations can be of great promise for harvesting energy initially at small scale to use for micro and nano scale devices. Such vibrations converted to electrical energy by piezoelectric transducer due to their major significance. Various research journals have introduced the phenomenon of energy optimization to increase the generated power and used directly for application like ...
S. Prabhu , Nagbhushan ,
 Nitte Meenakshi Institute of Technology, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
Silicon based MEMS have wide applications in under water sensors. This work aims one such applications, hydrophone. Hydrophone detects the pressure variations of acoustic signals and noise in the water and produces an output voltage proportional to the pressure. Here the attempt is made to design and simulate MEMS based underwater acoustic sensor whose working is based on piezoresistive physics. ...
A. El Kacimi , E. Pauliac-Vaujour , J. Eymery 
 University Grenoble Alpes, CEA, LETI, MINATEC Campus, Grenoble, France
 University Grenoble Alpes, CEA, Grenoble, France
We report on the modeling of flexible piezoelectric capacitive sensor based on GaN wires grown by Metal Organic Vapor Phase Epitaxy. Single crystal cone-shaped wires with hexagonal cross section are embedded within dielectric layers (parylene) in between two metal electrodes to achieve a capacitive structure. The device characteristics directly depend on growth conditions for example by tuning ...
Primary Current Distribution Model for Electrochemical Etching of Silicon through a Circular Opening
A. Ivanov , U. Mescheder ,
 Hochschule Furtwangen University, Furtwangen im Schwarzwald, Germany
Primary current distribution model for anodization of low-doped p-type silicon through a circular opening in frontside insulating mask is developed. The model is applied in two regimes of the process – pore formation and electropolishing – by definition of current density dependent functions of porosity and dissolution valence based on experimental results. As found also experimentally, ...
P. Priya , B. D. Pant ,
 Birla Institute of Technology and Science Pilani, Pilani, Rajasthan, India
 CSIR-Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute, Pilani, Rajasthan, India
In this paper, a free membrane is used as a receiver to increase the capacitance and therefore the resolution of the flow meter. For the current application, from the wavelength of sound wave in soft tissue (c= 1540 m/s) the resolution was calculated to be 0.48 mm. This gives the first Eigen frequency of the capacitive structure according to which the poly silicon membrane was designed. After ...
University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA
A two-dimensional atrial tissue model has been constructed in COMSOL Multiphysics® software to study the propagation of action potential and electrograms. The model presents the atrial electrograms recorded with a mapping catheter. A 2D atrial tissue model is simulated using the Courtemanche et al. cell model equations. PDE in coefficient form was used in COMSOL Multiphysics® to reproduce the ...
S. Dixit, R. C. Jain
Jaypee Institute of Information Technology, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
Surface Acoustic Waves (SAW) is the acoustic wave that propagates along the surface of the substrate with amplitude decaying exponentially away from the surface. A basic SAW device consists of two IDT’s on a piezoelectric substrate such as quartz. Surface Acoustic Wave can be generated by application of a voltage to an IDT deposited on the surface of a piezoelectric substrate. The ...
S. Kundu , H. B. Nemade ,
 Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, Assam, India
The paper presents simulations of uniform thickness and thickness-tapered types of piezoelectric vibration energy harvesters using COMSOL Multiphysics software. The simulated vibration energy harvesters have bimorph cantilever structure with end mass. Tapering the thickness of the piezoelectric layer in bimorph towards the free end is found to improve the stress distribution in the beam and ...
P. Lazarou, C. Rotinat
CEA LIST/DIASI/LRI, Paris, France
A grand variety of microactuator technologies and demonstrators has been introduced during the last years. Of particular interest are the microactuators based on phase change materials and especially paraffin wax, which can volumetrically expand up to 15%, providing high force actuation. The object of this study is the numerical validation of a paraffin microactuator concept by coupling multiple ...
J. T. Andrews, R. Choubey, O P Choudhary, N. Malviya, A. Patel, M. Kumar, S. Chouksey, J. Solanki
National MEMS Design Center, Department of Applied Physics, Shri G S Institute of Technology & Science, Indore 452003 MP, India
A logic gate performs a certain Boolean logic operation on one or more logical inputs and produces a single logical output. The logic values are either “true” or “false.” Logic gates are bistable devices, that is, they may yield one of these two possible stable outputs. The NAND logic is a universal gate; any logic operation can be performed with various combinations of NAND logics. Many ...