Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modelling of SiC Chemical Vapour Infiltration Process Assisted by Microwave Heating

G. Maizza[1] and M. Longhin[1]
[1]Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali ed Ingegneria Chimica, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy

The excessive presence of residual SiC matrix inter-fiber pores is often the main cause for the very poor mechanical strength and toughness of SiC/SiC composites manufactured by CVI (Chemical Vapour Infiltration) process. This work presents a micro/macro Microwaveassisted Chemical Vapour Infiltration (MW-CVI) model as a strategy to attack the problems above. The proposed model couples a ...

Induced Charge Electroosmosis (ICEO) on a Planar Surface

G. Soni, C. Meinhart, and T. Squires
University of California Santa Barbara

Induced Charge Electroosmosis (ICEO) refers to a fluid flow phenomenon in which an electric field induces a charge cloud (electric double layer) on a polarizable surface and sets up a tangential electric field to move this charge cloud along the surface, which in turn causes a fluid flow pattern. In our case, we considered nonlinear effects such as nonlinear capacitance, surface conduction, ...

Study of Fluid and Mass Adsorption Model in the QCM-D Sensor for Characterization of Biomolecular Interaction

H.J. Kwon[1], C.K. Bradfield[1], B.T. Dodge[1], and G.S. Agoki[1]
[1]Department of Engineering and Computer Science, Andrews University, Berrien Springs, Michigan, USA

Increasing attention has been paid to application of the quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) sensor for monitoring biomolecular interactions. This paper focuses on a practical application of protein-protein binding affinity measurement at low concentrations and minimal sample sizes (50-200 μl of 20-200 nM), which results in low signal measurement. A model simulating fluid ...

Simulation of a Micro-Analytical Device for Adsorbing Substances from a Fluid

R. Winz1, A. de los Rios Gonzalez2, E. von Lieres3, M. Schmittel2, and W. Wiechert1
1Department of Simulation, University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
2Department of Organic Chemistry, University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
3Institute of Biotechnology, Research Centre Jülich, Jülich, Germany

T- or Y-shaped microfluidic channels are chemical measurement devices that have become popular in recent years. Using such microdevices gives a better control of the fluid behavior and the chemical reaction kinetics, due to the small quantity of fluid.The concept of the T-Sensor as state-of-the-art is used to determine coupled processes of diffusion and reaction within a small-scaled system on a ...

Computational Simulation of Electrohydrodynamic Systems Pertaining to Micro and Nano scale Fluid Flow Phenomenon

M. Seiler[1], and B. Kirby[2]
[1]Department of Engineering Physics, Cornell
University, NY, USA
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Cornell
University, NY, USA

Modeling of 3D AC electro-osmotic pumps is relevant to the creation of portable or implantable lab-on-a-chip devices for mm/s tunable fluid flows attainable with battery scale voltages. In this analysis using COMSOL Multiphysics we investigate the modeling challenges of computationally calculating systems of fluid flow phenomena governed by AC Electroosmosis in the micro and nano scale regimes.

Oxidation of Metallic Nanoparticles

A. Auge[1], A. Weddemann[1], F. Wittbracht[1], B. Vogel[1], and A. Hütten[1]

[1]Department of Physics, Thin Films and Physics of Nanostructures, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany

The oxidation behavior of metallic nanoparticles is investigated in respect to material parameters like Mott potential, defects on the microstructure and oxide volume increase per ionic defect. An emphasis is laid on magnetic nanoparticles where the degree of oxidation can be measured via the reduction of the magnetic moment.

High Coupling Factor Piezoelectric Materials for Bending Actuators: Analytical and Finite Elements Modeling Results

I.A. Ivan[1], M. Rakotondrabe[1], and N. Chaillet[1]
[1]FEMTO-ST Institute, University of Franche-Comte, Besançon, France

New giant piezoelectric factor materials such as PMN-PT and PZN-PT were researched during the last decade and are actually becoming commercially available. As they seem very attractive for actuator designs, we studied their potential in replacing PZT ceramics. In a first comparative approach, we tested a series of classic rectangular composite bimorph structures of different combinations of ...

Experimentally Matched Finite Element Modeling of Thermally Actuated SOI MEMS Micro-Grippers Using COMSOL Multiphysics

M. Guvench[1], and J. Crosby[1]
[1]University of Southern Maine, Gorham, Maine, USA

In “Micro-Electro-Mechanical-Systems” shortly known as MEMS, one of the most important and effective principle of creating transduction of electrical power to displacement force is thermal expansion. A slim beam of MEMS material, typically Silicon, is heated by the application of electrical current via Joule heating; it expands and creates motion. In the design of many MEMS devices ...

Magnetic Liquids for Lab-on-a-chip and Rapid Diagnostics Applications

H. Köser
Yale University

In this presentation we outline our recent work on Magnetic Liquids, and the great number of application areas these are used. Ferrofluids are nanometer sized magnetic particles, covered by a surfactant, suspended in a carrier medium compatible with the surfactant material. Ferrofluids are applicable to a great and ever increasing number of application areas, such as: • Liquid Seals and ...

Design and Modeling of a Micro-active Suspension

T. Verdot, and M. Collet
Dept. of Applied Mechanics, FEMTO-ST Institute, Besançon, France

Nowadays, lightweight materials are widely used to reduce weight and increase available space in moving structures such as cars or aircraft. However, they constitute an intense vibrating environment that can strongly affect the operation of embedded micro-transducers such as frequency generators or inertial sensors. To alleviate this problem, we propose the concept of a Micro-Active Suspension ...

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