Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Human Torso Model for Heat Transfer Analysis

X. Xu[1], T. Patel[1], R.W. Hoyt[1]
[1]U.S. Army Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA, USA

A human torso model was created for heat transfer analysis. The torso was derived from the ‘Virtual Family’ whole-body voxel data from the ITIS Foundation (Zurich, Switzerland). Measurements were taken from the ITIS male along the axial plane at key anatomical landmarks and used to develop geometry in Solidworks. Individual components were created to represent the skin, fat, muscle, and bone ...

Modeling Heat and Oxygen Atom Diffusion in Nuclear Fuel Rods with FEMLAB

Ramirez, J.C., Cristea, P., Stan, M.
Materials Science & Technology Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory

The nuclear reaction is modeled as a uniformly distributed volumetric heat source. All heat is conducted from the fuel towards the outer surface of the cladding. A number of results are presented.

COMSOL Multiphysics® as a Tool to Increase Safety in the Handling of Acetylene Cylinders Involved in Fires

F. Ferrero[1], M. Beckmann-Kluge[1], and K. Holtappels[1]

[1]BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing Division II.1 “Gases, Gas Plants”, Berlin, Germany

In this paper a mathematical model for predicting the heating-up of an acetylene cylinder involved in a fire is presented. In the simulations polynomial functions were used to describe the temperature dependency of the thermal properties of the cylinder interior, which is a complex system composed by a solid porous material, a solvent and acetylene dissolved in it. Model equations covered heat ...

Use of COMSOL to Estimate the Thermal Properties and Kinetic Parameters for the Degradation of Anthocyanins in Grape Pomace

D.K. Mishra[1], and K.D. Dolan[1,2]
[1] Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Michigan State University
[2] Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University

Degradation of components in low-moisture and high-temperature food is difficult to model because of the temperature gradient and long heating time. A method was developed to estimate the thermal properties of grape pomace and the rate constant and activation energy of anthocyanin degredation.

Numerical Simulation of a Building Envelope with High Performance Materials

M.H. Baghban[1], P. Jostein Hovde[1], and A. Gustavsen[2]
[1]Civil and Transport Engineering Department, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
[2]Department of Architectural Design, History and Technology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway

Simulation tools for building physics problems play an important role in design and understanding the behavior of energy efficient buildings. There are different tools available for simulation of these problems, but each simulation tool has its own advantages and limitations. In this paper, a heat transfer problem in an exterior building wall with high performance materials has been simulated in ...

Deriving Correction Factors for a Primary Standard for Radiation Dosimetry

R. Tosh, and H. Chen-Mayer
NIST
Gaithersburg, MD

Accurate metrology of radiotherapeutic absorbed dose to water requires assessing the radiation induced temperature change. The most direct method for doing this is water calorimetry, for which the established technique involves the use of slender thermistor probes that are sealed within a glass vessel containing high-purity water. The probes and vessel perturb the radiation field, via ...

Use of Simulation in the Development of Next-generation Measurement Standards for Radiation Dosimetry

R. E. Tosh[1], H. Chen-Mayer[1]
[1]NIST, Gaithersburg, MD, USA

Calibration of field instruments used in radiation treatment clinics is currently traceable to NIST primary standards via protocols involving static, flat-field radiation beams. By contrast, radiation beams prescribed for treating cancer incorporate temporal and spatial modulation strategies in order to maximize dose to the tumor while sparing healthy tissue. Differences in the detector ...

Modelling of the Wool Textile Finishing Processes

M. Giansetti[1], A. Pezzin[1], S. Sicardi[1], G. Rovero[1]
[1]Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy

Within wool textile industries, a very important role is played by the so-called finishing processes, in which the textile substrate undergoes steam treatments to achieve the desired level of stabilisation and appearance. Process parameters, namely temperature and moisture content, are known only at the beginning of the process but not in the textile material being treated, where the actual ...

Estimativa do Fluxo de Calor em uma Ferramenta de Corte Durante um Processo de Usinagem com o Uso do Software COMSOL Multiphysics® e de Técnicas de Problemas Inversos - new

R. F. Brito[1], S. R. de Carvalho[2], S. M. M. de L. e Silva[1]
[1]Federal University of Itajubá - UNIFEI, Itabira, Minas Gerais, Brasil
[2]Federal University of Uberlândia - UFU, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brasil

This work proposes the use of inverse problem techniques in connection with COMSOL to estimate the heat flux and the temperature field on a turning cutting tool in transient regime. The main purpose of the present work is to present the improvements performed in relation to the authors’ previous work to develop the complex geometry of a machining process. Specification function, which is an ...

Improving Heating Uniformity of Dried Fruit in RF Treatments for Pest Control: Model Development and Validation - new

B. Alfaifi[1], J. Tang[2], Y. Jiao[2], S. Wang[3], B. Rasco[2], S. Jiao[2], S. Sablani[2]
[1]King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
[2]Washington State University, Pullman, WA, USA
[3]Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, China

Non-uniform heating is one of the most important challenges during the development of radio frequency (RF) heat treatments for pest control. A computer simulation model using finite element–based COMSOL Multiphysics® software was developed to investigate the heating uniformity of raisins packed in a rectangular plastic container and treated using RF heating. The developed model was then ...

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