A. van Schijndel
Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands
Benchmarks are an important tool to verify computational models. In the research area of building physics, the so-called HAMSTAD (Heat, Air and Moisture Standardization) project is a very well known benchmark for the testing of simulation tools. In this paper we evaluate the use of COMSOL with its multiphysics capabilities regarding this benchmark. In comparing the results with the benchmark, it ...
A. Samba, N. Omar, H. Gualous, Y. Firouz, O. Capron, M. Abdel MonemO, J. Smekens, P. Van den Bossche, J. Van Mierlo
VUB ETEC, Brussel, Belgium and UCBN, LUSAC, Cherbourg, France
VUB ETEC, Brussel, Belgium
UCBN, LUSAC, Cherbourg, France
Multi-Scale and Multi-Dimensional (MSMD) modeling approaches have been proposed to simulate the thermal, electrical distributions and concentration behaviors of large size pouch cell. This approach is based on coupling of the energy balance with the Newman’s electrode model. Newman’s 1D electrochemical model is often used for small size batteries but not sufficient enough for large size where ...
A. Briffaz , J. M. Méot , P. Bohuon , C. Mestres , B. Matignon , M. Dornier 
 CIRAD, Montpellier, France
 CIRAD, Montpellier, France
 Montpellier SupAgro, Montpellier, France
Describing and predicting the extent of the physicochemical processes as well as geometrical deformation taking place during food transformation is of major importance to control food functional properties. Unfortunately, only a few food-matrix models consider deformation particularly because of large deformation. In the case of a starchy product such as rice, water transport and swelling ...
Sulfur Deactivation Effects on Catalytic Steam Reforming of Methane Produced by Biomass Gasification
P. Sadooghi, R. Rauch
Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria
Sulfur, which is incorporated in the biomass structure, is released into the product gas during gasification as hydrogen sulfide. Hydrogen sulfide is known to deactivate nickel based steam reforming catalysts by chemisorption on the metal surface during steam reforming process. Desulfurization has a negative effect on the process efficiency therefore steam reforming has to be run without ...
Phase-field Modeling of Widmanstätten Ferrite Formation During Austenite to Ferrite Transformation in Fe-C Alloy - new
L. Zhang, Y. Shen
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China
The transformation of austenite (A) to ferrite (F) in steels, which is technologically important and of fundamental interest, still remains less well understood in some aspects. At intermediate undercooling F grows with a plate-like morphology (widmanstätten). Some calculations, which assume that the composition at A/F boundary is local-equilibrium or the morphology of F is rather simple, are ...
N. Rezaii , J. P. Mai ,
 JPM Silicon GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany
The JPM Silicon GmbH presents a novel method for the production of solar grade silicon in the microwave oven. This method can specially reduce the energy costs and increase the efficiency of the process. A numerical model is developed which depicts the physical, chemical and electromagnetic phenomena of silicon production process. In order to increase the efficiency of the system, it is ...
A. Artinov , M. Bachmann , M. Rethmeier ,
 BAM Federal Institute for Material Research and Testing, Berlin, Germany
The Finite Element Method (FEM) has become an established numerical tool used for different academic and industrial purposes. It allows the prediction of weld pool geometry, thermal cycle, final distortion and residual stress field during and after fusion welding. The capability of the method to predict the heat distribution in the workpiece is often used for better understanding of the process ...
J. Petit , V. Tabouret , B. Viana ,
 ONERA, Chatillon, France
 IRCP/CNRS, Paris, France
During the last decades, mid-IR (3-12µm) laser sources have attracted attention due to their potential applications in different fields like infrared counter-measures (e.g: missile jamming) and remote chemical sensing. In this context, Onera has been working on the development of non-oxid materials and still is developing new crystals that allow to reach higher power and to extend the ...
A COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Interface with GEMS3K for Modeling Reactive Transport (Geo)Chemical Processes
O. B. Isgor , V. J. Azad ,
 Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
This paper presents a generic interface for reactive transport process modeling that was developed between the COMSOL Multiphysics® software Java API (transport model) and GEMS3K (reaction model). While the transport of different species, kinetics of dissolution/precipitation, system potentials, fluid and gas flow, etc. can be modeled in a complex chemical system with COMSOL® software, the ...
Modeling of Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer During a Steam-Thermolysis Process for Recycling Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer
A. Oliveira Nunes, Y. Soudais, R. Barna, A. Bounacer, Y. Yang
Centre RAPSODEE - Ecole des Mines d'Albi, Albi, France
Different types of technologies to recycle carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) waste have been studied, for example: pyrolysis, solvolysis and steam-thermolysis. The steam-thermolysis is a process that combines pyrolysis and superheated steam at atmospheric pressure to decompose the organic matrix of the composite. The waste is introduced into a bench-scale reactor heated at high temperatures ...