Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Earth Pressure as a Boundary Condition to Bridge Piers and Abutments

M. Quinn[1], D. Whitlow[1], O.D.S. Taylor[1], M.H. McKenna[1]
[1] Engineer Resource and Development Center, United States Army Corps of Engineers, Vicksburg, MS, USA

Bridge piers and abutments makeup the bridge substructure and transmit loads from the superstructure to the bridge foundation material (Figure 1). The bridge abutment serves three purposes: to provide vertical support to the bridge superstructure where the bridge ends, to connect the bridge with the approach roadway, and to retain roadway base materials. There are several types of abutment ...

Modeling of Ultrasonic Transducers and Ultrasonic Wave Propagation for Commercial Applications Using Finite Elements with Experimental Visualization of Waves for Validation - new

D. R. Andrews[1]
[1]Cambridge Ultrasonics, Over, UK

Finite element (FE) modelling of ultrasonic propagation using COMSOL Multiphysics® simulations can be used to create images of waves. Unfortunately, in time-stepping solutions, it is possible for numerical instabilities to grow large and dominate the solution adversely. Any design of transducer that is based upon poorly-configured FE models is unlikely to perform as expected and will almost ...

Elastoplastic Models of the Interaction between Active Fronts of the Southern Alps and Dinarides (NE Italy and NW Slovenia)

M. Coccia[1], E. Carminati[1], F. Rolandone[2], M. Battaglia[1], D. Zuliani[3], and P. Fabris[3]
[1]Università La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
[2]Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
[3]Centro Ricerche Sismologiche, Udine, Italy

We use GPS measurements and Finite Element analysis to investigate strain accumulation in the interaction between active fronts of the Southern Alps and Dinarides at the northern edge of the Adriatic micro-plate. We develop a three dimensional model of the area taking into account the regional topography, approximating the crust as an elasto-plastic medium and reproducing as close as possible ...

Lava Tubes at Shallow Depth

M. Di Bari, and G. Zito
University of Bari, Italy

Many theoretical studies concerning lava tubes focus on the thermal disturbances generated on the earth surface. Recently a solution was suggested, where a lava tube located at a great depth h in the soil, where the ratio between h to the major axis of the ellipse a is higher than 10. However, lava tubes more frequently are located at shallower depths.  In this work we ...

Study of HVDC Grounding Systems Using Finite Element Methods

C. K. C. Arruda [1], A. A. Silveira [1], L. C. R. Vieira [1], F. C. Dart [1],
[1] CEPEL, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

High Voltage Direct Current transmission (HVDC) is a suitable alternative for long distance transmission. During the years, the use of this technology has been increasing, which is one of the several reasons to improve methodologies in HVDC grounding systems. Unlike the usual approach in AC, a HVDC grounding system is distinguished by its operating procedures, which is, when it is configured ...

Numerical Study of Flux Models for CO2 - Enhanced Natural Gas Recovery and Potential CO2 Storage in Shale Gas Reservoirs - new

N. Prajapati[1], P. L. Mills[1]
[1]Department of Chemical & Natural Gas Engineering, Texas A&M University, Kingsville, TX, USA

This work encompasses different physics involved in fluid flow in shale gas reservoir. Non-linear equations for fluid flow are solved with COMSOL Multiphysics® PDE module. It focuses on comparing the performance of various species transport flux models by accounting for inter-molecular interactions and gas-rock interactions.

Implementation of an Isotropic Elastic-Viscoplastic Model for Soft Soils Using COMSOL Multiphysics

M. Olsson[1], T. Wood[1], C. Alén[1]
[1]Division of GeoEngineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden

In this paper a elastic-viscoplastic (creep) model is implemented in COMSOL 4.2a and 4.3 and benchmarked against another commercial finite element software package with a very similar material model. It is also validated against commonly performed laboratory tests such as Constant Rate of Strain oedometer tests (CRS) and K0-Consolidated Undrained triaxial tests (K0CU). The implementation in ...

微波加热煤岩裂隙变形的电-热-固耦合模型

管伟明 [1], 聂欣 [1],
[1] 新疆大学,乌鲁木齐,新疆,中国

为研究不同加热方式下煤岩内部裂隙在热力耦合作用下的变形特征,建立了微波和常规加热两种数值模型,考查了不同温度场分布特征下裂隙周边应力应变场的变化过程。研究结果表明:微波加热,温度场分布具有内高外低的特征,此时裂隙周边分布的应力多为压应力,且数值较大,裂隙边界位移表现为向内收缩;常规加热,温度场分布具有外高内低的特性,此时裂隙周边分布应力多为拉应力,但量值较低,裂隙边界位移表现为向外扩张;热源越靠近裂隙压应力越明显 ...

Poromechanics Investigation at Pore-scale Using Digital Rock Physics Laboratory

S. Zhang[1],
N. Saxena[2],
P. Barthelemy[1], and
M. Marsh[1]
[1]Visualization Sciences Group, Burlington, MA, USA
[2]Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, USA

Understanding the rock structure at nano to micro scale is of growing importance in geology, oil and gas, and hydrology. New approaches that relies on a variety of high resolution 3D imaging techniques offered tremendous potential. These new approaches, in the meanwhile, introduce significant new challenges. Starting from digital imaging data, the paper introduces an image-to-simulation ...

Simulation of Geomechanical Reservoir Behavior during SAGD Process Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

X. Gong[1], R. Wan[1]
[1]University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada

THM (Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical) behavior of the reservoir during SAGD (Steam-Assistant-Gravity-Drainage) was studied through a proper constitutive modeling of the porous media. Specifically, a generalized density-stress-fabric dependent elasto-plastic model with stress-dilatancy and plastic damage as main ingredients was implemented into COMSOL Multiphysics®, to model geomechanical behavior during ...

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