Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Numerical Simulations of the Navier-Stokes Problem with Hyper Dissipation

Manouzi, H.
Departement of Mathematics and Statistic, Université Laval University, Quebec, Canada

This paper proposes a numerical simulation of the incompressible viscous flows with hyper dissipation using FEMLAB. We propose two variational formulations to solve this problem: the primal and the mixed formulations. For the first one, a biharmonic formulation for the velocity and the pressure is used. The second one uses a mixed formulation where the laplacian of the velocity, the velocity ...

Finite Element Simulation of the Oscillatory Flow in a Channel with the Heat Transfer through a Hot Bump

Lee, Y.
Dep. of Engineering Sciences, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

The present numerical simulation investigates the time-dependent flow driven by the oscillatory pressure gradient in the streamwise direction. An attempt was made to obtain the flow field that is initially stationary and evolves to the purely oscillatory flow with zero mean velocity, and the results after several cycles of oscillation are compared with the long-time analytical solution in the ...

Reactor Design Improvements for a Propane Autothermal Reformer by Simulation of Momentum Flow

F. Cipitì, L. Pino, A. Vita, M. Laganà, and V. Recupero
CNR-ITAE, Messina

The paper presents a two-dimensional model to describe the gas flow in a propane autothermal reactor, developed at the CNR-ITAE Institute, and aimed to design a Beta 5 kWe hydrogen generator, named HYGen II, to be used with Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells (PEFCs) for residential applications. The main aim of the mathematical model was to optimize the reactor geometrical key parameters (diameter ...

Investigating the Influence of Dynamic Jet Shapes on the Jet Electrochemical Machining Process

M. Hackert[1], G. Meichsner[2], S.F. Jahn[1], and A. Schubert[1]
[1]Chemnitz University of Technology, Chair Micromanufacturing Technology, Germany
[2]Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology Chemnitz, Germany

Electrochemical Machining is a potential procedure for micro manufacturing technology. Especially the absence of machining forces makes it advantageous for processing metals with high hardness and for the generation of complicated geometries. Applying a closed electrolytic free jet (Jet Electrochemical Machining - Jet-ECM) the electric current is restricted to a limited area. That allows working ...

Fluid Flow Simulations Using New CFD Module

H. Rouch
INOPRO, France

COMSOL\'s new CFD Module has been tested for laminar and turbulent flows in simple geometries, with couple or segregated solver. These tests allow mesh sensitivities and comparison with analytical solutions. They also give a first idea of cpu time and RAM use for standard cases. In a second part a thermal-fluid simulation of a real industrial application is done: the air flows cooling a large and ...

Numerical Aspects of the Implementation of Artificial Boundary Conditions for Laminar Fluid-Structure Interactions

C. Boeckle[1], P. Wittwer[1]
[1]University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland

We discuss the implementation of artificial boundary conditions for stationary Navier-Stokes flows past bodies in the half-plane, for a range of low Reynolds numbers. When truncating the half-plane to a finite domain for numerical purposes, artificial boundaries appear. We present an explicit Dirichlet condition for the velocity at these boundaries in terms of an asymptotic expansion for the ...

Thermal Adversity in Solid-State Lighting

T. Dreeben[1]
[1]OSRAM SYLVANIA, Beverly, MA, USA

COMSOL Multiphysics is used to simulate natural convection and its impact on peak operating temperatures of solid-sate lighting in thermally adverse conditions. PDE modes in the general form are used in conjunction with a thin-surface conduction formulation in the weak form. COMSOL is used to predict both temperatures and heat flows through numerous components of the configuration. Model ...

Numerical Modeling and Performance Optimization Study of a Diaphragm Pump for Medical Application

I. Lupelli[1], P. Gaudio[1], A. Malizia[1], R. Quaranta[1]
[1]Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Roma, Italy

In this contribution we present the results of the numerical modeling and performance optimization study of a diaphragm pump for drug infusion. The main objective is to develop a numerical model that replicates the pumping cycle (400ms) and also provides indications about the variation of pumping performance as consequence of the variation of the chamber-diaphragm system geometry, diaphragm ...

Advancements in Carbon Dioxide and Water Vapor Separations Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

J. Knox[1], R. Coker[1], R. Cummings[1], C. Gomez[1], G. Schunk[1]
[1]NASA, Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA

Some NASA efforts are focused on improving current systems that utilize fixed beds of sorbent pellets by evaluating structured sorbents, seeking more robust pelletized sorbents, and examining alternate bed configurations to improve system efficiency and reliability. For the bulk separation of CO2 and H2O, temperature changes due to the heat of adsorption are significant, requiring modeling and ...

Biofluid-Structural Interaction in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm for Predicting Timeline to Rupture: The Effect of Hypertension and Aorta Wall Material Properties

K. Cluff[1], H. Mehraein[1], G. Jayakumar[2]
[1]Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
[2]Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA

An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a bulge formed in the large blood vessels that supply blood to the abdomen, pelvis, and legs. A fluid structure interaction model was developed in a 3D aortic aneurysm model, which was constructed from abdominal CT scan images. Combining medical imaging and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) in a time dependent study allowed the determination of wall ...

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