Boundary conditions in multiphase, porous media, transport models of thermal processes with rapid evaporation
A. Datta, and A. Halder
Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
In modeling of thermal processing of biological materials with rapid evaporation, it is critical to provide boundary conditions consistent with the phenomena happening at the surface to accurately predict spatial temperature and moisture content for quality and safety assurance. Boundary conditions in a mathematical model are as important as governing equations itself and describe how the heat ...
Y. Wang, D. Uwe Sauer
Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage Systems, Institute for Power Electronics and Electrical Drives (ISEA), RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
HTPEM fuel cells are considered to be the next generation fuel cells. The electrochemical kinetics for electrode reactions are enhanced by using PBI membrane at an operation temperature between 160-180 °C comparing to LTPEM fuel cells. But starting HTPEM fuel cells from room temperature to an operation temperature is a challenge. In this work, using preheated air to heat up the fuel cells ...
S. Khushrushahi, T.A. Hatton, M. Zahn
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
Magnetic separation of magnetic liquid phases/particles from non-magnetic liquid phases/particles are needed for applications such as cleaning up oil spills by separating oil and water liquid phases or separating magnetic materials from non-magnetic materials in biomedical and microfluidic applications. Magnetic fluids (also called ferrofluids), in a magnetic field, experience a magnetic force ...
F. Mansilla, L. Voisin 
Advanced Mining Technology Center, Chile University, Santiago, Chile
Department of Mining Engineering, Advanced Mining Technology Center, Chile University, Santiago, Chile
Throughout history, the copper pyrometallurgical processes have been carried out mostly in discontinuous or batch systems. In recent decades new continuous technologies have been developed but focused only on Smelting and Converting stages leaving aside the Refining one. In 2002 a novel technology was proposed by the Department of Mining Engineering of Chile University which consists in two ...
M. Jain, A. Rao, K. Nandakumar
Cain Department of Chemical Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
The performance of a homogeneous T-mixer can be enhanced significantly by the stimulation of secondary/ transverse flows in the microchannel. Various mixing mechanisms are reported for enhancing micromixing performance such as grooves at the channel bottom, heterogeneous charge patterns etc. Most of these micromixers are studied with respect to planar geometric parameters such as groove width, ...
R. Kiflemariam, M. Almaz, F. Zevallos, C. Lin
Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
A 2D transient heat conduction model was created in COMSOL Multiphysics® software to study the performance of photovoltaic-thermal (PVT) water system. The model captures the variation of important environmental and system parameters such as outside temperature, solar irradiation, air velocity and temperature. The model has a good agreement with experimental data for the photovoltaic cell ...
B. Chinè[1,2], M. Monno
Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy
Metal foams are interesting materials with many potential applications. They are characterized by a cellular structure represented by a metal or metal alloy and gas voids inside (Fig.1). A common metallic cellular material is aluminum foam which can be produced metallurgically by heating a precursor, made of aluminum alloy and TiH2 as foaming agent, in a furnace. In this case, the foaming ...
A. I. Elzawawy , J. D. Freels , F. G. Curtis [2, 3],
 Vaughn College of Aeronautics and Technology, East Elmhurst, NY, USA
 Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA
 University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA
The high flow rate within the HFIR cooling water flow channel causes the fuel plates to deflect which in turn, changes the coolant flow characteristics. This nonlinear feedback loop between the coolant and the fuel plate is the focus of the present simulation of the fluid-solid interaction between the coolant flow and the fuel plates to accurately predict the plate’s deflection using the Fluid ...
P. Van Ransbeeck , R. Benoot , B. Van Der Smissen 
 University College Ghent, Faculty of Science and Nature, Department of Mechatronics, Belgium
This publication aims to investigate conjugate heat and mass transfer around a clothed virtual manikin. This research can be performed at different scales: (1) at material scale where a piece of textile is investigated in 1D or 2D space or (2) at system level where a clothed cylindrical body (2D) or a complete manikin (3D) is modeled. The work is based on previous methods and results from ...
P. Namy , A. Oury , M. Youbi-Idrissi ,
 SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
 AIR LIQUIDE, Jouy en Josas, France
Heat transfer inside a refrigerated truck is a key phenomenon that governs the temperature inside the truck and the regulation of the cooling system. Up to now, a lot of experimental studies ([Tso et al., 02]) have been carried out to assess the effect of opening the door and to minimize the external heat transfer with fan air curtain. Together with AIR LIQUIDE, the world leader in gases, ...