K. Cluff, H. Mehraein, B. Jayakumar
Department of Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
Department of Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
Background: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is characterized by atherosclerotic blockages of the arteries supplying the lower extremities, which cause a progressive accumulation of ischemic injury to the skeletal muscles of the lower limbs. Despite revascularization treatment intervention some PAD patients require follow up secondary treatment due to a continued decline in limb function, ...
Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering and Petroleum, Kuwait University, Safat, Kuwait
In this study, numerical simulations of mixing in turbulent flow, subject to a change in density, are performed. Attention is focused on the binary mixing between two streams of fluid in which a variable density step are formed due to a difference in the temperature. This binary mixing problem performed by assuming low Mach number flow. The results demonstrate the variable density effects and ...
J.M. Gozalvez-Zafrilla, M.C. Leon-Hidalgo, J. Lora-Garcia, A. Santafe-Moros, and J.C. Garcia-Diaz
Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
Brine disposal from desalination plants placed in inland areas far from sea is an important problem. Evaporation ponds can be used for reducing the waste to solid state but they require huge amounts of land. Evaporation using arrays of wet surfaces can minimize the land requirements. One characteristic of the methods based on natural evaporation is the uncertainty associated to the influent ...
R. Sikorski, B. Chapman, T. Merrill
Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ, USA
A CFD cardiac catheter model was developed to determine the potential for blood hemolysis during administration of local therapeutic hypothermia using a CoolGuide catheter. In vivo animal studies have shown that mild hypothermia may reduce reperfusion injury often associated with heart attack. The CoolGuide Catheter System (CCS) delivers rapid local cooling through a cardiac catheter, reducing ...
F. Mansilla, L. Voisin 
Advanced Mining Technology Center, Chile University, Santiago, Chile
Department of Mining Engineering, Advanced Mining Technology Center, Chile University, Santiago, Chile
Throughout history, the copper pyrometallurgical processes have been carried out mostly in discontinuous or batch systems. In recent decades new continuous technologies have been developed but focused only on Smelting and Converting stages leaving aside the Refining one. In 2002 a novel technology was proposed by the Department of Mining Engineering of Chile University which consists in two ...
Development of a Multiphase, Multispecies Droplet Evaporation Model for Optimization of Desiccation Preservation Techniques
A. Sinkevich, S. Bhowmick , M. Raessi
University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, North Dartmouth, MA, USA
Biopreservation deals with the protection and storage of complex biologics such as proteins, lipids, and recently, mammalian cells. One preservation method, known as lyopreservation, involves placing a biologic inside a water droplet with some type of sugar excipient (sucrose, trehalose, etc.) and drying the solution convectively. We are currently developing a model that couples the two-phase ...
Validation for a Quick and Reliable Procedure for Centrifugal Pumps Using Frozen Rotor Methodology in COMSOL Multiphysics®
D. Manenti, G. Tanghetti, R. Roveglia
Metelli SPA, Cologne (BS), Italy
Single stage centrifugal pumps are widely used in several engineering fields such as: room conditioning, energetic cycles, automotive industry, home care, etc. Thus, the possibility of simulate their behaviour, in terms of pressure increase and mass flow rate, is helpful in reducing prototyping costs in the first design stages. The Rotating Machinery Interface is a dedicated tool implemented ...
Investigating the Impacts of Hydrogeological Parameters on DSI Efficiency through Numerical Simulation
Y. Jin, E. Holzbecher, S. Ebneth
Department of Applied Geology, GZG, Georg-August- University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
Hölscher Wasserbau, Haren, Germany
Düsensauginfiltration (DSI),‘nozzle-suction-infiltration’, is a new method for dewatering that avoids groundwater abstraction from the aquifer. Drawdown is achieved via pumping of groundwater at upper abstraction section, meanwhile, all the pumped water is injected through the same borehole, but in greater depth. We use COMSOL Multiphysics® for the development of a 2D model that ...
M. J. Hancock, N. H. Elabbasi, M. C. Demirel
Veryst Engineering, LLC., Needham, MA, USA
Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
Pumping liquids at small scales is challenging because of the principle of reversibility: in a viscous regime, the flow streamlines through a fixed geometry are the same regardless of flow direction. Recently we developed a class of microfluidic pump designs based on tilted flexible structures that combines the concepts of cilia (flexible elastic elements) and rectifiers (e.g., Tesla pump). We ...
A. Gil-Garcia, I. Kings, B. Al-Duri
University of Birmingham, School of Chemical Engineering, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
In clean coal technologies, improving energy conversion efficiency is one of the most important directions. Compared to traditional subcritical power plants, pressure-increased supercritical power plants improve the plant energy efficiency from 35% up to 45%. This work presents a study of the thermodynamic behaviour of the water cycle in coal-fired boilers in response to the changes in energy ...