Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

A Study of Thermo-Fluid Behavior in Tubular Metal Hydride Beds in the Hydriding Process

S. Makridis[1], E.I. Gkanas[1], A. Ioannidou[2], E.S. Kikkinides[2], A.K. Stubos[3]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, Kozani, Greece & Environmental Research Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, NCSR “Demokritos”, Athens, Greece
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, Kozani, Greece
[3]Environmental Research Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, NCSR “Demokritos”, Athens, Greece

Hydrogen, the most abundant element in the universe, has great potential as an energy source, and can be generated from renewable energy sources. We used COMSOL for the solution of the energy, mass and momentum balance equations that describe the hydrogen absorption and desorption procedure in the metal hydride compressor. Thermodynamic or engineering properties like the reaction enthalpy ??, ...

Numerical Simulation of pH-sensitive Hydrogel Response in Different Conditions

M.K. Ghantasala[1], B.O. Asimba[1], A. Khaminwa[1], K.J. Suthar[2], D.C. Mancini[3]
[1]Department of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, USA
[2]Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
[3]Physical Sciences and Engineering, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA

The understanding of pH-sensitive hydrogel swelling response in different buffer environmental condition is essential for its use in different practical applications. This necessitates its simulation in steady state and transient conditions. This paper mainly deals with the details of the numerical simulation performed by developing coupled formulation of chemo-electro-mechanical behavior of ...

Optimization of Around-The-End Hydraulic Mixer Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

S. Mohammadighavam[1], B. Kløve[1]
[1]University of Oulu, Department of Process and Environmental Engineering ,Oulu, Finland

After rapid mixing of waste water and coagulant, an effective slow mixing during a reasonable retention time will cause to grow the size of flocs up which will settle out easily. Around-the-end hydraulic mixer with barriers is one of the efficient facilities that have been used in water treatment plants for this purpose. A uniform velocity gradient (G) is needed to achieve efficient mixing and ...

Modeling Maillard Reaction and Thermal Transformations During Bread Baking

D. Papasidero[1], F. Manenti[1]
[1]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Chimica, Materiali e Ingegneria Chimica “Giulio Natta”, Milano, Italy

One big challenge for the food industry is to predict and optimize flavors. The Maillard reaction occurs in food matrices containing carbohydrates and proteins under specific operating conditions. The presented research couples thermal and kinetic modeling to the bread baking process, an ideal field to study this complex set of reactions responsible for many bread flavors. The thermal model ...

Electrochemical Study of Potential Materials for Cochlear Implant Electrode Array

N. Lawand[1], V. Lopez[1,2], P. French[1]
[1]Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
[2]Università degli studi di Napoli "Federico II", Naples, Italy

Cochlear Implants (CIs) are implantable prostheses that bypass the non-functional inner ear and directly stimulate the auditory nerve with electric currents, enabling deaf people to experience sound again. The CI electrode array sits inside the cochlea close to the auditory neurons. An ideal stimulation material must have low impedance with maximum charge transfer capacity in the electrochemical ...

An Approach to Modeling Vacuum Desorption - new

C. F. Gomez[1], R. Schunk[1], R. F. Coker[1], J. Knox[1]
[1]NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA

The objective of this simulation effort is to develop a mathematical model of vacuum desorption on a POC (Proof of Concept) canister loaded with Zeolite 13X/5A . This canister contains a pelletized adsorption bed which is used to adsorb H2O and CO2. Once this bed is fully saturated with an equilibrium loading, desorption is then accomplished by reducing the pressure to near vacuum. This type of ...

Numerical Results of Two 3D Coupled Models of a Unitary PEM Fuel Cell of 144cm² - new

E. Robalinho[1], E. F. Cunha[2], M. Linardi[2]
[1]Universidade Nove de Julho - UNINOVE, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
[2]IPEN/CNEN-SP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

This computational implementation presents a new strategy of coupling two 3D models to satisfy the requirements of the comprehensive model of a unitary Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cell, including its internal geometries and constitutive materials, as well as distinct physical and chemical processes. Those different simultaneous processes required computational effort and the solution was the ...

Coupled Numerical Modeling and Thermodynamic Approach for SiC Growth Process

J. M. Dedulle [1], K. Ariyawong [1], D. Chaussende [2]
[1] Univ. Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France
[2] CNRS, Grenoble, France

Silicon carbide (SiC) single crystals are industrially produced by the physical vapor transport technique. Apart from the geometry of the growth setup, there are two main process parameters that can be controlled: temperature and pressure. To support the development of the process, numerical simulation has imposed as the only tool able to describe the process itself, providing a good evaluation ...

Pseudo 3-D Simulation of a Falling Film Microreactor

M. Al-Rawashdeh[1,2], V. Hessel[1,2], P. Löb[1], and F. Schönfeld[1]
[1]Institut für Mikrotechnik Mainz GmbH, Mainz, Germany
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering and
Chemistry, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, Netherlands

Gas-liquid falling film microreactors carry out fast exothermic and mass transfer limited reactions. Since the major rate limiting steps occur on the liquid side, it is important to account for a realistic liquid film profile within the reactor simulation. Based on realistic channel geometry and liquid menisci profiles, we describe the liquid film thicknesses, flow velocities, species transport ...

Simulation of Differential Ion Mobility (DMS) Principle Coupled with Mass Spectrometry in Atmospheric Pressure

F. Sinatra[1], T. Wu[2], A. Avila[2], E. Nazarov[1], T. Evans-Nguyen[1], J. Wang[2]
[1]Draper Laboratory, Tampa, FL, USA
[2]University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA

Mass spectrometry is an analytical technique widely used in the scientific community to determine chemical composition of sample compounds. Typically, mass spectrometers perform their analysis under vacuum conditions, though atmospheric pressure mass spectrometers are becoming more prevalent. With the development of atmospheric pressure mass spectrometers, techniques such as FAIMS (Field ...