Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modelling of Catalytic Radiant Heaters

J.P.Mmbaga, T.M. Mannan, N. Joederi, S.E. Wanke, and R.E. Hayes
University of Alberta

In this work we present the modelling of catalytic radiant heaters. The presentation outlines the mathematical model as well as a Laboratory setup of a catalytic radiant heater.

A Finite Element Analysis on the Modeling of Heat Release Rate, as Assessed by a Cone Calorimeter, of Char Forming Polycarbonate

D. Statler[1], and R. Gupta[2]
[1]Mid-Atlantic Technology, Research and Innovation Center, South Charleston, WV, USA
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA

During the pyrolysis and combustion of polymers, heat is released and is typically measured with a cone calorimeter to better assess the polymer’s flammability. Modeling heat release rate, as assessed by cone calorimetry, has not been extensively studied for char-forming polymers, such as, polycarbonate. Here we determine the heat release rate with the help of a one-dimensional transient finite ...

Design and Characterization of a Small Volume Reactor for the High Pressure Invacuo Study of Catalytic Surface Reactions

C. Clark[1,2], J. Fulton[3], T. Adams[3], E. Podgornov[4], and F. Zaera[4]
[1]Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Riverside, CA, USA
[2]Naval Surface Warfare Center, Corona, CA, USA
[3]Naval Surface Warfare Center, Crane, IN, USA
[4]Department of Chemistry, University of California, Riverside, CA, USA

The design and construction of ultra-high vacuum (UHV) systems for the study of surface reactions has lead to high impact innovation in a myriad of industries. A small volume reactor compatible with ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) surface-science instrumentation has been designed, modeled and tested for the study of the kinetics of surface chemical reactions on single crystals. CO oxidation experiments ...

Advancements in Carbon Dioxide and Water Vapor Separations Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

J. Knox[1], R. Coker[1], R. Cummings[1], C. Gomez[1], G. Schunk[1]
[1]NASA, Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA

Some NASA efforts are focused on improving current systems that utilize fixed beds of sorbent pellets by evaluating structured sorbents, seeking more robust pelletized sorbents, and examining alternate bed configurations to improve system efficiency and reliability. For the bulk separation of CO2 and H2O, temperature changes due to the heat of adsorption are significant, requiring modeling and ...

Evaluation of Performance of Enzymatic Biofuel Cells with Microelectrode Arrays Inside a Blood Artery via Finite Element Approach

C. Wang[1], Y. Song[1]
[1]Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA

Enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs) are considered as a promising candidate for powering miniature implantable devices. In order to predict the performance in the human blood artery, we simulated a 3D EBFC chip with highly dense micro-electrode arrays. In this simulation using COMSOL Multiphysics®, we applied the 1) Michaelis Menten equation; 2) Nernst potential equation; 3) Navier Strokes velocity, ...

A CFD Analysis of the Operating Conditions of a Multitube Pd Membrane for H2 Purification

B. Castro-Dominguez[1], R. Ma[1], A. G. Dixon[1], Y. H. Ma[1]
[1]Chemical Engineering Department, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

The optimization of operating conditions in multitube membrane modules is highly complex. The multiple physics and irregular geometries involved create a challenge for predicting their behavior. This work analyzes the performance of H2 purification through a module containing seven membranes. Using experimental parameters, a 3-D model was devised, specifying the membrane as a reacting boundary ...

Multiscale Model of Human Pathogen Growth on Fresh Produce

A. Warning[1], A. K. Datta[1]
[1]Department of Biological & Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Predictive food microbiology currently first requires experimental data for growth on fresh produce and then fitting an empirical or semi-empirical model to the data, making extrapolation to other conditions (temperature, type of produce) difficult. Herein, we develop a mechanistic model for the growth of human pathogenic bacteria (Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella spp.) on spinach using ...

Electro-Chemical Etching & Deposition of a Super Alloy Using Tertiary Current Distribution Method

M. Yeoman[1], R. Damodharan[1]
[1]Continuum Blue Ltd., Ystrad Mynach, UK

The application of super-alloys has grown up in numbers in the industries like aerospace, automotive, nuclear, thermal power plant & medical implants. The initial cost of prototyping and the selection of suitable manufacturing methods & test fixtures made by electrochemical machining (ECM) has proven to be expensive process especially where tolerances are extremely tight on the nanometre scale. ...

A multiphysics approach of the styrene free radical polymerization modeling performed in different microreactors

Serra, C., Sary, N., Schlatter, G.
LIPHT-CNRS UMR 7165, ECPM-ULP Strasbourg

This paper investigates the modeling of styrene free radical polymerization in two different types of microreactor for which the wall temperature is kept constant. The simulations are performed with the help of FEMLAB 3.1 to solve simultaneously partial differential equations resulting from the hydrodynamics, thermal and mass transfer (convection, diffusion and chemical reaction). The ...

Kinetics and Plasma Modeling of Plasma Steam Reforming at Atmospheric Pressure

J.M. Cormier, F. Ouni, and A. Khacef
GREMI, Polytech’Orléans

Gliding discharges at atmospheric pressure were investigated in the GREMI laboratory for different applications such as syngas production from methane steam reforming. In our case, the kinetics could be described by using a simplified second order model in which the rate reaction coefficient is obtained from a linearization of parameters. Calculated and experimental data are presented ...

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