T. C. Zhu, B. Liu
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Singlet oxygen (1O2) is the major cytotoxic agent that kills cells during photodynamic therapy (PDT). Based on a previously-developed model, the distance-dependent reacted 1O2 can be numerically calculated using finite-element method. We improved the model to include microscopic kinetic equations of oxygen diffusion from uniformly distributed blood vessels to the adjacent tissue. The blood ...
Modeling Bioelectrochemical Systems for Waste Water Treatment and Bioenergy Recovery with COMSOL Multiphysics®
T. Oyetunde, D. Ofiteru, J. Rodriguez
Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Most conventional wastewater treatment processes are quite energy-intensive. Global wastewater production is increasing due to growth in population, industrialization, and urbanization, creating an urgent need for energy-efficient wastewater treatment technologies. Moreover, waste streams (industrial and domestic) have drawn renewed interest as resources for water, energy, and product recovery. ...
C. Butcher, K. Yu
University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA
The complex internal flow field of a hypersonic air-breathing propulsion engine was modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. This type of flow field can be found in a dual-mode scramjet engine. After creating the geometry, a 2D CFD simulation was run using the High Mach Number Flow physics interface in the CFD Module. A stationary time study was run and the results from the CFD simulation ...
D.Wu, E. Van den Bulck
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Department of Mechanical Engineering, KU Leuven, Belgium
Introduction Self-heating behaviour of dust accumulations is a multiphysics field coupled heat and mass transfer in the porous media. A typical experimental apparatus with a hot storage oven and mesh wire baskets has been taken as the study object. The influence of gas flow velocity, oxygen concentration and ambient temperature on the self-heating behaviour of the dry coal dust sample has been ...
J. Parikh, A. Kapela, N. Tsoukias
Biomedical Engineering Department, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
Localized calcium events in the endothelial cells (EC) can modulate smooth muscle cell (SMC) calcium (Ca2+) and membrane potential dynamics through release of endothelium derived hyperpolarizing and relaxing factors. Ca2+ levels in the smooth muscle cell (SMC) determine its contractile state.The underlying complex mechanism regulating the SMC Ca2+ levels and ultimately vessel tone remains poorly ...
F. Allain, and A.G. Dixon
Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA
A packed bed reactor consisting of spherical catalyst particles in a tube was simulated numerically. The steady-state pseudo-heterogeneous model consisted of a pseudo-continuum representation for the heat and mass transfer in the reactor tube. The reaction source terms were evaluated by explicitly solving a 1D spherical pellet model at each discretization point. The model implemented in COMSOL ...
W. Han, and B.H. Dennis
University of Texas, Arlington, TX, USA
The multiphase flow of two immiscible liquids in a microchannel was investigated numerically. A Y-shape micromixer was designed to produce a pattern of slugs from the flowing liquids. The mass transfer characteristics of this flow pattern are of primary interest in this study. A simple neutralization titration reaction was chosen as the basis. The liquid-liquid two phase slug flow was formed ...
S. Mohammadighavam, B. Kløve
University of Oulu, Department of Process and Environmental Engineering ,Oulu, Finland
After rapid mixing of waste water and coagulant, an effective slow mixing during a reasonable retention time will cause to grow the size of flocs up which will settle out easily. Around-the-end hydraulic mixer with barriers is one of the efficient facilities that have been used in water treatment plants for this purpose. A uniform velocity gradient (G) is needed to achieve efficient mixing and ...
B. Srinivasan, J. Hickman, M. Shuler
University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
A micropump delivers fluid between different components of a microfluidic device in a controlled manner. The elimination of micropump can reduce the design complexity, simplify fabrication, shrink the device footprint and decrease the set-up time required for the operation of the microfluidic device. One such pumpless microfluidic device for body-on-a-chip application for drug toxicity studies ...
J. Selig, and S. Lin
Lamar University, Beaumont, TX, USA
Self-propagating High-temperature Synthesis (SHS), a very economical synthesis of oxides was used in our lab to produce oxide materials. SHS process uses a highly exothermic reaction to convert reactants rapidly to pure products with minimal external energy input. This reaction is initiated by an igniter and reaction front propagates from the ignition through the rest of the sample. The fast ...