Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Analyte Capture from Liquid Samples: Size Matters

M. Weber[1], M. Reed[1]
[1]Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA

Arrays of vertical pillars, Micro Purification Chips, have been widely used for analyte capture from liquid samples [Henderson et. al, 2006], [Toner et. al, 2007], [Stern et. al, 2010]. However exact understanding of the capture efficiency mechanisms has not been previously explained. Here we present a model in COMSOL Multiphysics® which calculates analyte capture efficiency based on initial ...

Effects of Flow and Diffusion on Blood Coagulation in Platelet Poor Plasma: a Two-way Coupling Between Hemodynamics and Biochemistry

D. Magnabosco[1,2], H. van Ooijen[2], B. Bakker[2], R. van den Ham[2]
[1]Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy
[2]Philips Research, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Enzyme reactions, blood flow and diffusion in human vasculature play interacting and fundamental roles in blood coagulation. In this complex mechanism, the balance between blood and clot is a delicate equilibrium, whose tight regulation is vital to avoid pathologies such as bleeding and thrombosis. The secondary hemostasis triggered by tissue factor in platelet poor plasma is studied up to ...

Study of Electrochemically Generated Two-Phase Flows

J. Schillings [1], O. Doche [2], J. Deseure [1],
[1] LEPMI, Grenoble, France
[2] SIMAP, Grenoble, France

The dependency of electrochemical processes performances on mass transfer is well-known. Electrolyte flow in the vicinity of electrodes surface can enhance reactions due to increased mass transfer. This flow can be generated by the production of a gaseous phase, leading to a natural bubble-driven convection flow. As a drawback, gas bubbles also modify electrodes active surface and the ...

Experimental Validation of Model of Electro-Chemical-Mechanical Planarization (ECMP) of Copper

J. Ebert[1], S. Ghosal[1], A. Emami-Naeini[1]
[1]SC Solutions, Sunnyvale, CA, USA

This paper describes the development of a COMSOL model of Electro-Chemical-Mechanical Planarization (ECMP) that was validated with experimental data. ECMP is used for processing of semiconductor wafers. We developed a 2D model of flow of phosphoric acid solution (the electrolyte) between two parallel plates that focuses on the physics and electrochemistry in ECMP. The model includes steady-state ...

Numerical Modeling of the Original and Advanced TEMKIN Reactor for Catalysis Experiments in Laboratory Scale - new

D. Götz[1], M. Kuhn[1], P. Claus[1]
[1]Ernst-Berl-Institute/Chemical Technology II, Darmstadt, Germany

Many industrial, especially heterogeneously catalysed, processes are characterised by a strong interaction between the reaction kinetics and transport phenomena. Because experiments in laboratory scale can be very time- and cost-intensive, Temkin and Kul’kova developed a new reactor design for the direct testing of industrial catalysts. Based on this concept of linearly alternating catalyst and ...

Ultrasound-assisted Microfluidic Devices: Insights and Optimization of Sono-microreactors

F. J. Navarro-Brull [1], P. Poveda [2], J. Ramis [2], R. Gómez [1],
[1] Departament de Química Física, Universidad de Alicante, Alicante, Spain
[2] Departament de Física, Enginyeria de Sistemes i Teoria del Senyal, Universidad de Alicante, Alicante, Spain

Possible drawbacks of microreactors are inefficient reactant mixing due to the predominance of laminar flow and clogging (when solid-forming reactions are performed or solid catalyst suspensions are used). Ultrasound has been successfully implemented not only to prevent these problems but also for its well-known mixing and particle-dispersion effects. Several configurations have been used for ...

Pseudo-3D Multiphysics Simulation of a Hydride Vapor Phase Epitaxy Reactor

M. Hackert-Oschätzchen[1], M. Penzel[1], P. Plänitz[2], A. Schubert[1][3]
[1]Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
[2]GWT-TUD, Dresden, Germany
[3]Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology IWU, Chemnitz, Germany

Gallium nitride (GaN) and its related nitride alloys with special physical properties are in technical areas of high interest. The growing of gallium nitride boules on non-native sapphire or silicon carbide requires complicated mechanisms of defect reduction in the lattice structure. Thus the production of gallium nitride substrates is a challenge. Hydride Vapor Phase Epitaxy (HVPE) is a ...

Turbulent Compressible Flow in a Slender Tube

K.O. Lund[1], C.M. Lord[2]
[1]Kurt Lund Consulting, Del Mar, CA, USA
[2]Lord Engineering Corp., Encinitas, CA, USA

Pressure-drop experiments were conducted for the turbulent, compressible flow of air in a small, slender tube, and modeled with COMSOL heat transfer module, and analytically. A scalar integration variable is introduced which integrates the mass velocity [kg/m²s] over the inlet area and iteratively equates this to the input mass flow [kg/s]. For computation, the temperature specification is ...

Quantification of Porosity Changes Due to Precipitation of Cement Materials with iCP

D. Sampietro [1], E. Abarca [1], M. Bayer [1], S. Jordana [1], J. Molinero [1], T. Tanaka [2], S. Hashimoto [2], T. Iwatsuki [3], H. Onoe [3], H. Saegusa [3]
[1] Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
[2] Obayashi Corporation, Tokyo, Japan
[3] Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Gifu, Japan

The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is carrying out an URL (Underground Research Laboratory) project in Mizunami city, central Japan. The project is a purpose-built generic URL project that is planned for a scientific study of the deep geological environment in fractured crystalline rock as a basis of research and development for geological disposal of nuclear waste. The concrete material ...

Numerical Simulations of Methane Aromatization with and without a Ceramic Hydrogen Separation Membrane

Z. Li[1], C. Kjølseth[2], S. Hernandez Morejudo[3], R. Haugsrud[1]
[1]University of Oslo, Department of Chemistry, FERMiO, Oslo, Norway
[2]Protia, Oslo, Norway
[3]University of Oslo, Department of Chemistry, InGAP, Oslo, Norway

Oxygen-free methane aromatization has been attracting growing attention due to a potential means for producing high valuable products such as aromatics and hydrogen. Many studies have been focused on catalysts screening and characterization, and elementary thermodynamic steps of the reaction. However, little attention has been paid to fluid dynamics which are important for an industrial ...