See How Multiphysics Simulation Is Used in Research and Development

Engineers, researchers, and scientists across industries use multiphysics simulation to research and develop innovative product designs and processes. Find inspiration in technical papers and presentations they have presented at the COMSOL Conference. Browse the selection below or use the Quick Search tool to find a specific presentation or filter by application area.
View the COMSOL Conference 2018 Collection
Bioscience and Bioengineeringx

Cellular Scale Model of Stratum Corneum

R. Santoprete[1], B. Querleux[1]
[1]L'Oréal, Paris, France

To better quantify the impact of the morphological and mechanical properties of the main constituents of the stratum corneum (SC, the outermost layer of the skin) on its overall mechanical behavior, we developed a biomechanical model of the SC at a cellular scale, based on in vitro ... Read More

Blood Flow Patterns in a Patient Specific Right Coronary Artery with Multiple Stenoses new

B. Liu[1]
[1]Department of Mathematics, Monmouth University, West Long Branch, NJ, USA

Atherosclerotic lesions preferentially develop in certain regions like bifurcations, branches, and bends [1, 2]. A possible explanation for such a preferential localization of atherosclerosis is that the geometry of the vessel influences the blood flow pattern. It suggests that the ... Read More

Aplicação de Elementos Finitos na Ortodontia

T. O. Bassani [1], T. Bassani [2], A. Andriguetto [1], F. Schneider [2],
[1] Instituto Latino Americano de Pesquisa e Ensino Odontológico - ILAPEO, Curitiba, PR, Brasil
[2] Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná – UTFPR, Curitiba, PR, Brasil

O presente estudo visou a avaliação, por meio do método dos elementos finitos, das tensões geradas em um arco ortodôntico chamado de Arco de Retração Dupla Chave, também conhecido como DKL. Para isso foram modeladas as geometrias do arco DKL, dos bráquets e das coroas dentais, no ... Read More

Kinetics of Proteins in the Blood-Brain Barrier

K. Gandhi [1],
[1] University of California, Riverside, CA, USA

The delivery of chemotherapy for cancer into the central nervous system, in particular the brain, remains a challenge. This results in brain metastases commonly being a cause of death from cancer. Here, we look at the environment of the blood-brain barrier. Then, we explore two proteins ... Read More

Control-Release Anesthetics to Enable an Integrated Anesthetic-MSC Therapeutic

T. Maguire [1,2], M. Davis [1], I. Marrero-Berrios [1], C. Zhu [1], C. Gaughan [2], J. Weinberg [3], D. Manchikalapati [3], J. SchianodiCola [3], R. S. Schloss [1], J. Yarmush [3], M. Yarmush [1],
[1] Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA
[2] BeauRidge Pharmaceuticals, New York, NY, USA
[3] Department of Anesthesiology, New York Methodist Hospital, Brooklyn, NY, USA

Introduction: While general anesthetics control pain via consciousness regulation, local anesthetics (LAs) act by decreasing sensation in the area of administration by blocking nerve transmission to pain centers. Perioperative intra-articular administration of LAs is a commonly employed ... Read More

A Heat Transfer Analysis of the Cochlea During Magnetically-guided Cochlear Implant Surgery

F. Esmailie [1], M. Francoeur [1], T. A. Ameel [1], ,
[1] Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA

Approximately 450,000 people worldwide suffering from hearing problems use cochlear implants (, June 12, 2018). Manual insertion of the cochlear implant during surgery can potentially damage the delicate tissues within ... Read More

Analyzing Drug Delivery and Osteoblast Growth on a Porous Scaffold in a Perfusion Bioreactor

A. Sun, and S. Murray
Dept. of Biomedical Engineering
UCLA, Los Angeles, CA

Implantable Collagen sponges are used in Spinal Surgery as Drug Delivery Scaffolds. An optimal concentration of growth factor that strikes a balance between bone growth and adverse diffusion effects is difficult to find. The porous sponge also serves as a scaffold for Osteoblast growth, ... Read More

Particle Tracing: Analysis of Airborne Infection Risks in Operating Theatres

P. Apell[1], S. Hjalmarsson[1], T. Lindberg[1], I. Wernström[1], Y. Tarakonov[1], A. Erichsen Andersson[2], M. Karlsteen[1]
[1]Department of Applied Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden
[2]Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Department of Anesthesia, Surgery and Intensive Care, Göteborg, Sweden

Patients undergoing surgery are sensitive to infections. The operation staff may spread 10^4 particles per person per minute, of which ten percent are presumed bacteria-carrying. We visualize the influence of the personnel on the air and particle flows for the two most common ventilation ... Read More

Lowering of the Interstitial Fluid Pressure as a Result of Tissue Compliance Changes during High Intensity Focused Ultrasound Exposure: Insights from a Numerical Model

E. Sassaroli[1], B. O'Neill [1]
[1]The Methodist Hospital Research Institute, Houston, TX, USA

Interstitial fluid pressure (IFP) is elevated in tumors. Owing to this elevated IFP, the interstitial fluid velocity (IFV) is negligible throughout the tumor but significant near the tumor margin. Any therapeutic strategy that can lower IFP will improve drug convection within the tumor ... Read More

Bayesian Estimation of Tumors in Breasts Using Microwave Imaging

A. Jeremic[1], E. Khosrowshahli[1]
[1]McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada

Although mammography is extremely important diagnostic technique, it suffers from some limitations such as false negative and positive results, using ionizing radiation and patient’s discomfort. Microwave imaging has been recently proposed as an additional medical imaging technique ... Read More