Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.
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Numerical Simulation of the Functional Electromagnetic Stimulation of the Human Femoral Bone using COMSOL

Y. Haba[1], W. Kröger[2], H. Ewald[2], R. Souffrant[1], W. Mittelmeier[1], and R. Bader[1]

[1]Biomechanics and Implant Technology Research Laboratory, Department of Orthopaedics, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
[2]Institute of General Electrical Engineering, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany

In the present study we determined the relative conductivities and permittivities of fresh cortical and cancellous bone measuring human femoral heads in different slices of 1 mm thickness. The identified conductivities of human trabecular bone are used for the electromagnetic field simulation by means of COMSOL using a Micro-Computed Tomography (Micro-CT) model. The calculated model depends on a ...

An Elastic and Hyperelastic Material Model of Joint Cartilage - Calculation of the Pressure Dependent Material Stress in Joint Cartilage

T. Reuter, and M. Hoffmann
fzmb GmbH
Research Centre of Medical Technology and Biotechnology
Bad Langensalza, Germany

In this paper we introduce a elastic and hyperelastic model to describe the pressure dependent material stress in joint cartilage. We used the pressure dependent E-modulus E = f(s) to calculate the material stress. E = f(s) is a degree 4 polynomial . The indentor was pressed 0.4 mm into the tissue. The results show that the maximal stress at the contact zone between indentor and cartilage ...

The Spherical Design Algorithm in the Numerical Simulation of Fiber-Reinforced Biological Tissues

M. Carfagna [1], A. Grillo [1],
[1] Dipartimento di Scienze Matematiche, Politecnico di Torino, Italy

The numerical results of the unconfined compression test on a sample of Articular Cartilage (AC) are discussed. AC is modelled as a load-bearing, deformable, fiber-reinforced material filled with an interstitial fluid and comprising statistically oriented collagen fibers, chondrocytes, and a matrix of proteoglycans. A strain energy is assigned to characterize the mechanical behavior of the ...

Advancing Regulatory Science through Integrative Engineering with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Modeling

G. Zhang [1]
[1] Department of Bioengineering, Institute for Biological Interfaces of Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) faces significant challenges in its regulatory approval processes due to a lack of relevant science, and many practices are limited by laws enacted in the previous century [1]. Therefore, in recent years, the FDA has identified the need for advancements in regulatory science and innovation. In a broader sense, advancing regulatory science is not just ...

A Model to Simulate Laser Ablation in Tumor Using Dynamic Photothermal Coupling Interaction Model

Zhifang Li [1], Xiyang Zhang [1],
[1] College of Photonic and Electronic Engineering, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou, China

Laser immunotherapy (LIT) was developed to treat late-stage, metastatic cancers through local laser irradiation and immunological stimulation. In ILIT, the photothermal effect induces immune responses by destroying and interrupting tumor cells through temperature elevation in target tissue. Tumor is rich in vascularture, and plays a critical part in photothermal effect. Vascularized tumour ...

Numerical Validation of the Efficiency of Dual-Frequency Radiofrequency Ablation

A. Candeo[1] and F. Dughiero[1]
[1]Department Electrical Engineering, University of Padova, Padova, Italy

Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA) represents a valid alternative for treating liver metastases in medically complicated patients. Conventional devices currently operate at 500 kHz, due to good conducting properties of tissues. However, the use of lower frequencies (i.e. 20 kHz) has been recently reported to enhance the treatment effectiveness, due to a more pronounced difference in electrical ...

Some Clinical and Computational Studies On Haemodynamics In Stenosed Artery

A. Chanda, A.R. Choudhury, G. Ray, K. Dasgupta, and D. Nag
Jadavpur University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Atherosclerosis in arteries is caused by the formation of stenosis : fatty depositions, on the artery wall. In current medicine, the practice is to observe the maximum percentage occlusion at any arbitrary cross-section and diagnose the patient on that basis, which might not always present the real picture due to non-uniformity of the stenosis thickness. The present work attempts to simulate the ...

Electro Thermal Performance Prediction of Radio Frequency Ablation System for Efficient Cancer Treatment

C. Thiagarajan[1], V. Gnanasekar[2]
[1]ATOA Scientific Technologies Pvt Ltd, Whitefield, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
[2]Perfint Healthcare Pvt. Ltd, T.Nagar, Chennai, India.

Cancer causes significant human deaths. Radiofrequency ablation is an encouraging procedure for cancer treatment. The objective is to demonstrate the multiphysics simulation methodology. This paper summarizes the problem , governing equations, methodology, assumptions, simulation results and discussion related to the thermal performance prediction of radio frequency ablation on a homogeneous ...

In Silico Evaluation of Local Hemodynamics Following Vena Cava Filter Deployment

J. Ferdous[1], M. Ghaly [2], V. B. Kolachalama [3], T. Shazly[1,4]
[1]Biomedical Engineering Program, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA
[2]Department of Biomedical Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA
[3]Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, Cambridge, MA, USA
[4]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA

Inferior vena cava (IVC) filters have become essential components in deep vein thrombosis treatment to prevent preventing pulmonary embolisms. Filter efficacy relies on maintaining IVC patency by preventing filter-induced thrombosis following clot capture. A computational model has been developed to determine whether a candidate filter design elicits hemodynamic patterns that promote thrombus ...

Hemodynamic Simulations of Implanted Multilayer Flow Modulator

A.B. Boubker[1], A. Restante[1]
[1]CARDIATIS, Isnes, Belgium

Ruptured aortic aneurysm is one of the commonest cause of mortality in developed countries. To avoid it interventional repair is an effective treatment. In the recent years the development of new therapies, such as stent implantations, allows to perform this treatment more and more safely establishing it as good alternatives to traditional surgeries. The goal of our study is to investigate the ...