Institute for information and communication technologies, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria
Various haematological diseases, including leukaemia, are characterized by abnormal production of particular blood cells. Two important properties of haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are used in their therapy, namely: a) rapid migratory activity and ability to \'\'home\'\' to their niche in the bone marrow; b) high self-renewal and differentiation capacity, responsible for the production and ...
M. Gardemin, M. Lüpke, V. Cordes, and C. Staszyk
Institute for General Radiology and Medical Physics, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Hannover, Germany
Institute of Anatomy, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Hannover, Germany
Like humans, horses can develop a variety of dental problems. Different equine diseases occur in different areas of the equine cheek tooth or its surrounding tissues. With a realistic simulation of a chewing cycle it can be possible to link mechanical phenomena such as high stress in distinct areas to commonly occurring diseases. According to different angles of the acting chewing force, ...
P. Silva, J.A. Ferreira, P. de Oliveira
Coimbra Institute of Engineering, CMUC, Coimbra, Portugal
Department of Mathematics University of Coimbra, CMUC, Coimbra, Portugal
The aim of the poster is to present a coupled 2D mathematical model to predict the evolution of drug concentration - in the cornea and in the anterior chamber of the eye - when therapeutic lenses are used (Figure 1). The mathematical model takes into account (i) diffusion processes in several compartments of the eye (therapeutic lens, cornea and anterior chamber); (ii) metabolic consuming ...
R. Sikorski, T. Merrill
Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ, USA
Stroke is caused by an interruption of brain blood supply and is one of the leading causes of death and disability. A mild reduction of 2-5°C in tissue temperature through hypothermia has shown reduced tissue infarct size, increased tissue recovery, and positive neurological effects. This paper seeks to predict the outlet blood temperature in the common carotid bifurcation branches. In our ...
L. Saeeednia, H. Mehraein, F. Abedin, K. Cluff, R. Asmatulu
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
Department of Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
Targeted drug delivery systems have been wildly studied in cancer therapy due to the toxicity of most of chemotherapeutic drugs. Nanoparticles can be attached to the small molecules of the drugs and serve as drug carriers to deliver the drug molecules into the area of interest. In this research, polymeric microspheres containing biodegradable poly(D, L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA), magnetic ...
C. Nadovich[1, 2], W. D. Jemison, J. A. Stoute, C. Spadafora
Lafayette College, Easton, PA, USA
Clarkson University, Potsdam, NY, USA
Pennsylvania State University, Hershey, PA, USA
INDICASAT AIP, Ciudad del Saber, Panama
A computer controlled microwave exposure system and specialized applicators were constructed for the purpose of facilitating accurate observations of microwave radiation effects on uninfected and infected biological tissue in vitro and in vivo under different electromagnetic modalities and exposure configuration. To address diverse requirements, three different applicators were developed: a ...
On the Influence of Cancellous Bone Structure upon the Electric Field Distribution of Electrostimulative Implants
U. Zimmermann, R.Bader, U. van Rienen
Institute of General Electrical Engineering, University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany
Department of Orthopaedics, University Medicine Rostock, Rostock, Germany
Since the 1980s, the accelerating effect of electromagnetic fields on bone regeneration is used to treat complicated fractures and bone diseases. At the University of Rostock, an electrostimulative hip revision system is developed, basing on the method of Kraus-Lechner. This method requires an electric fields between 5 and 70 V/m. The bone used for the simulations consisted of two homogenous ...
D. Krapohl, S. Loeffler, A. Moser, and U.G.Hofmann
Institute for Signalprocessing, University of Luebeck, Lübeck, Germany
Institute for Neurology, University of Luebeck, Lübeck, Germany
Department of Information Technology and Media, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden
Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) has been established as an effective treatment for Parkinson's disease and other movement disorders. The stimulation is currently administered using tetrode-macroelectrodes that target the Subthalamic Nucleus (STN). This often leads to side effects which bias the surrounding areas, e.g. the speech centre. Targeting a specific brain region can better be achieved with ...
G. V. Narayanan
University of Toledo, Toledo, OH, USA
Computational neuroscience seeks to develop mathematical models describing how the nervous system or some part of it carries out certain operations. Unfortunately, realistic models are typically so complex as to preclude a detailed mathematical analysis. Hence, a simplified 1-D cable theory has been developed, and this theory is used in neuroscience to study the behavior of neurons.In this paper, ...
T. Selvam, V.P. Kotte, and M. Marimuthu
HCL Technologies Ltd, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Globally in Otolaryngology industry, Sinusitis is one of the most common diseases related to the nose. Sinusitis is caused when the cilia fail to move the mucus. As a result sinus tissue gets infected that leads to blockage of the sinuses. All the sinusitis can not be cured through drugs and certain require surgery. When a sinus cavity subjected to a nasal endoscopic surgical procedure, one of ...