E. Lacatus , G. C. Alecu , A. Tudor ,
 Politehnica University of Bucharest, București, Romania
At the forefront of a new generation of sensors graphene and graphene composite materials are intensively studied for medical and biosensing applications. The outstanding electrical, mechanical and quantum properties of graphene make them a promising material solution to overlap the existing gap between biological and non-biological systems into a continuum like-viscoelastic integrated model. ...
K. Basu, P. Ghosh, A. Chanda
School of Bio Science and Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Jadavpur University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
According to clinical reports, cardiovascular disease has become a major global healthcare problem. The deposition of fats, cholesterol etc. at the arterials walls causes thrombus formation leading to stenosis and arterial blockage. To tackle this, along with arterial bypass, the use of Cardiovascular Stent is considered promising and effective (in single vessel and bi vessel diseases). While ...
C. Gavrila, A. Ghiaus, and I. Gruia
Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest, Faculty of Building Services, Bucharest, Romania
University of Bucharest, Faculty of Physics, Bucharest, Romania
A dynamic mathematical model, based on physical and transport properties and mass and energy balances, was developed for the simulation of unsteady convective drying of agricultural products (fruits and vegetables) in static bed conditions. The model utilizes water sorption isotherm equations and the change in solid density due to the shrinkage phenomenon. The aim of this article is to describe ...
M. K. Gobbert, X. Huang, S. Khuvis, S. Askarian, B. E. Peercy
University of Maryland - Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD, USA
This paper presents information on techniques needed in COMSOL Multiphysics® to enable computational studies of coupled systems of PDEs for time-dependent non-linear problems. Furthermore, we demonstrate how to use data files as input for initial conditions. To illustrate the techniques, we consider a system of two time-dependent non-linear PDEs from mathematical biology that couples an ...
A Practical Method to Model Complex Three-Dimensional Geometries with Non-Uniform Material Properties Using Image-based Design and COMSOL Multiphysics®
J. Cepeda, S. Birla, J. Subbiah, H. Thippareddi
Department of Food Science & Technology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA
Department of Biological Systems Engineering, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA
Geometries with heterogeneous material properties are typically defined as a set of multiple parts, each part representing a different material. However, assembling or defining the individual parts of complex geometries can be difficult. A practical method based on image-based mesh generation, a custom algorithm for labeling materials, and interpolation functions of COMSOL Multiphysics® can be ...
A. Heidsieck, and B. Gleich
Zentralinstitut für Medizintechnik, TU München, München, Germany
The technique of magnetic drug targeting binds genetic material or drugs to superparamagnetic nanoparticles and accumulates them via an external magnetic field in a target region. However, it is still a challenge for this approach to succeed in areas with high flow rates, like the aorta or the heart ventricle. The magnetic field sources have to be accurately optimized and adapted to the local ...
A. Dwivedi , G. Khanna ,
 NIT Hamirpur, Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh, India
This work describes the design and optimization of three prototypes of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) capacitive accelerometer-based middle ear microphone. The microphone is intended for middle ear hearing aids as well as future fully implantable cochlear prosthesis. The analysis is done using COMSOL Multiphysics®. The maximum applied acceleration was considered 1g. Human temporal bones ...
Acoustic Field Comparison of High Intensity Focused Ultrasound Using Experimental Characterization and Finite Element Simulation
J. L. Teja, A. Vera, L. Leija
Department of Electrical Engineering, Cinvestav-IPN, Mexico D.F., Mexico
High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) is used as a noninvasive technique of tissue heating and ablation for different medical treatments. This paper presents a quantitative comparison of HIFU acoustic fields experimentally obtained versus simulated acoustic fields. Acoustic field characterization was realized in two HIFU transducers using water as a propagation medium. Also, simulations were ...
G. Mach , C. Sherif , U. Windberger , A. Gruber ,
 Vienna University of Technology, Cerebrovascular Research Group Vienna, Vienna, Austria
 Hospital Rudolfstiftung, Cerebrovascular Research Group Vienna, Vienna, Austria
 Medical University Vienna, Cerebrovascular Research Group Vienna, Vienna, Austria
Usually, when calculating the blood flow in cerebral arteries and intracranial aneurysms, blood is modeled as a Newtonian fluid, neglecting its shear-thinning behavior. Since flow diverting devices slow down the blood flow in the aneurysm sack, the accuracy of this assumption had to be reviewed. A Carreau Yasuda model is introduced as a non-Newtonian model for blood viscosity. CFD simulations of ...
J. F. Hansen ,
 Thoratec Corporation, CA, USA
When an electronic device is worn for extended periods, possibly in direct contact with human skin, heat must be safely transferred away from the device, without exceeding standards and regulatory temperature limits on the skin and on the exposed surfaces of the device. Heat transfer is dominated by convective heat transfer to the surrounding air (possibly trapped air under clothing), and by ...