F. Lima, U. Mescheder, H. Reinecke
Hochschule Furtwangen University, Furtwangen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
Institut für Mikrosystemtechnik, Freiburg im Breisgau, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
Electrodeposition has a major advantage over other methods of thin film deposition. It allows deposition at atmospheric pressure and room temperature, requiring inexpensive equipment. However, there are several parameters which can influence an electroplated metal layer quality. The current density distribution is taken into consideration. The Hull cell is an electrodeposition tank with a ...
R. E. White, and Long Cai
R.E. White & Associates LLC, Columbia, South Carolina, USA
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA
The existing lithium ion battery model in COMSOL’s Multiphysics software is extended to include the thermal effects. The thermal behavior of a lithium ion battery is studied during the galvanostatic discharge process with and without a pulse. The existing lithium ion battery model in COMSOL 3.5a is extended by adding an energy balance and the temperature dependence of properties of ...
E. Gutierrez-Miravete, M. Turner
Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA
General Dynamics-Electric Boat, Groton, CT, USA
Galvanic corrosion is encountered in marine applications because one often has dissimilar metal joints and seawater acts as an electrolyte. One metal acts predominantly as anode and undergoes material dissolution while the other acts predominantly as cathode and is the site where a cathodic reaction takes place. Assuming a stagnant electrolyte, the equation governing the distribution of ...
E. Amores Vera, J. Rodríguez Ruiz
Centro Nacional del Hidrógeno, Puertollano, Spain
One of the most critical aspects on water electrolysis is gas-liquid separation, especially in systems with forced convection. The main problem of this kind of circulation is that a gas fraction could return to the electrolysis circuit. A suitable design of separator devices could be a solution in order to avoid a gas return to the electrolysis circuit. In this sense, the use of deflectors might ...
CFD Modeling and Analysis of a Planar Anode Supported Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell - new
N. Lemcoff, M. Tweedie
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA
Enthone, West Haven, CT, USA
A planar anode-supported intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell operating on syngas fuel at 750°C was analyzed in this study. The effects of varying syngas fuel inlet compositions on species and temperature distributions, water gas shift reaction rate, potential for carbon formation and electrochemistry were considered. A 2-D COMSOL® model was developed which included separate defined ...
Current Density Distribution and Material Removal Behavior on the Graphite/Iron-matrix Interface in Cast Iron Under Pulse Electrochemical Machining Conditions
O. Weber, R. Kollmannsperger, D. Bähre
Center for Mechatronics and Automatization, Saarbrücken, Germany
Institute of Production Engineering, Saarland University, Saarbrücken, Germany
The Pulse Electrochemical Machining is especially suitable for the precise production of complex geometric contours with high precision and high surface quality demands in workpieces in series manufacturing. During this process, the negative structure of an electrode is copied to the workpiece without sub-surface damages. An adequate knowledge of the current density distribution and thus of the ...
W. Beckert, C. Freytag, T. Frölich, G. Fauser
Fraunhofer IKTS, Dresden, Germany
The presented model approach offers a computational efficient tool to analyze the influences of geometrical design details, material selection and operational conditions on the electro-thermal behavior of a full Li ion battery cell geometry. It considers typical aspects as anisotropic winding structure, electro-thermal coupling and nonlinear electrical characteristics for moderate computational ...
A. Samusenko, Yu. Stishkov, P. Zhidkova
Saint Petersburg State University, Research and Educational Center “Electrophysics”, St Petersburg, Russia
Ionic wind is the gas flow induced by the corona discharge. Ions produced by corona are accelerated by electric field and transfer their momentum to neutral molecules. Using ionic wind one can convert electric energy to kinetic energy of air flow almost directly. The phenomenon of ionic wind finds applications in electrostatic precipitators and ionizers. It is difficult to solve the complete ...
H. White, L. Luo
Department of Chemistry, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
A characteristic feature of nanochannels is that surface properties (e.g., electrical charge) play a more significant role in the transport of fluid and electrolyte. Two oppositely directed flows (electroosmotic flow and pressure-driven flow) determine the flow profile at the nanopore orifice as well as electrolyte distribution. Once there are two electrolyte solutions with different ...
A.V. Volkov, K. Tybrandt, I.V. Zozoulenko, M. Berggren
Organic Electronics, ITN, Linköping University, Norrköping, Sweden
Modeling of an ion bipolar junction transistor (IBJT) is performed using the COMSOL Multiphysics® software. Our model describes the IBJT which was developed and characterized . The IBJT under consideration consists of an anion-selective collector and emitter, a cation-selective base and a neutral junction. The physical model is based on Poisson and Nernst-Planck (PNP) equations. A two ...