A. F. Tayel , M. A. Fathallah , M. M. Elsayed ,
 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
For the commercialization of membraneless microfluidic fuel cell, voltage and minimum power demand for various applications need a precise selection of fuel and oxidant flow rates to achieve the optimum cell performance. A numerical study on a membraneless microfluidic fuel cell was made to determine the effect of Peclet (Pe) number on the overall performance of the fuel cell. A model of 1 mm ...
C. Taxén, and D. Persson
Swerea-Kimab, Stockholm, Sweden
Corrosion of metals in confined zones is a big industrial problem. The electrochemistry of such localized corrosion processes is complicated by the impact of the corrosion processes on the composition of the local solution. In the present problem, local interaction with the atmosphere causes uptake of O2 and CO2 and evaporation of water from the initially dilute NaCl-solution. This model ...
Michael A. Vallance
Team Leader, GE Global Research
Over time, rechargeable batteries degrade and eventually stop working. You see some combination of declining capacity, rapid self-discharge, and reduced power. Degradation mode depends on battery design, but also on the application. Often, multiple physical processes contribute to degradation. In the laboratory, you can measure performance degradation. You can dissect the battery to discover ...
R. Pushpangadan, A. Soman, Arundas R., N. G. Thoppan, S. P. Duttagupta
Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
College of Engineering, Munnar, Kerala, India
PEM fuel cells are very promising for portable applications. A key component of fuel cell is the flow field plate through which hydrogen will reach the anode, oxygen will reach the cathode and electron collection. Flow field plate made of silicon is not a good electrical conductor , so electrical contacts has to be attached to the Gas Diffusion Layer (GDL) for taking the power to outside ...
Transient Modelling of a Fluorine Electrolysis Cell; Fully Coupled Electric Currents, Heat-Transfer, Diluted Species Transport and Laminar Bubbly Flow
R. Pretorius, P. L. Crouse, and C. J. Hattingh
University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa
Metallurgical Testing and Consultation (MTC) cc, Farrarmere, South Africa
A laboratory-scale fluorine reactor was simulated with COMSOL Multiphysics®. This model employs fundamental fully coupled electron-, heat-, mass- and momentum transfer (two-phase) equations to deliver a transient model of the above-mentioned reactor. Quasi-steady-state results were produced for the current density, electric field, temperature, reactive species concentration, gas- and liquid ...
朱国利 , 李亚东 , 李焰 ,
管道输送是油气能源长距离输送的重要途径。目前管道连接多采用焊接完成，焊接是一个复杂的非平衡物理化学过程，焊接接头各组成部分的成分、组织和性能都存在差异，同时还容易产生裂纹、气孔、夹杂和未熔合等焊接缺陷和较大的残余应力，使得焊接接头成为管道工程中的薄弱环节。在服役介质中，焊接接头存在宏观腐蚀电池与微观腐蚀电池耦合的多相电化学反应而引起局部腐蚀，可能导致整个构件失效，引发严重的安全事故，造成重大的经济损失甚至人身伤亡。利用 COMSOL Multiphysics® 多物理场仿真软件的腐蚀模块和二次电流分布接口对 X80 钢焊接接头在 CO2 饱和的 NACE 溶液中的电流密度及电位分布进行了仿真，并利用参数化扫描功能，模拟了焊缝与母材不同比例条件下的腐蚀行为。（图1）、（图2）、（图3）和（图4）分别为焊缝：母材=1:3和1:8条件下焊接接头在 NACE 溶液中的电流密度和电位分布 ...
M. Vallance, and R. White
General Electric Global Research Center, Niskayuna, NY, USA
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA
Sodium/metal chloride storage batteries, used in hybrid propulsion applications, provide high energy and power densities safely and reliably. To understand the dynamics of electrochemical cycling, a high-temperature sodium/ferrous chloride storage cell was modeled in two dimensions. The time-dependent solution shows that a reaction front, starting at the interface with the negative electrode, ...
G. C. Bandlamudi[1,2], C. Siegel, C. Heßke, and A. Heinzel[1,2]
ZBT Duisburg, Duisburg, Germany
University of Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany
High temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (HT PEMFCs) are very promising technologies when used in combined cooling and heating power (CCHP) systems. They are operated at 160°C, offering the possibility of high tolerance to fuel impurities and a possibility to use the heat generated for cooling and heating purposes, leading to higher total system efficiency. Employing a 24 ...
J. Drillet ,
 DECHEMA-Forschungsinstitut, Frankfurt, Germany
This work aims at the modelling of a 5 cm^2 Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC) with mixed serial/parallel serpentine flow fields in terms of current/voltage behavior. One of the main challenge to overcome consists on lowering the so-called methanol cross over from the anode through the polymer membrane to the cathode that is responsible for mixed-potential formation at the cathode where both ...
M. Qin, and H. Bau
Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, USA
The paper presents and compares two models for simulating magneto-hydrodynamic flow of RedOx electrolyte in a conduit patterned with circular pillars. The first model solves the coupled Nernst-Planck and Navier-Stokes equations subjected to Butler-Volmer electrode kinetics and provides detailed information on ions’ concentrations. The second model treats the electrolyte as a conductor, and ...