The Transient Modeling of Single-Bubble Nucleate Boiling in a Sub-Cooled Liquid Using an ALE Moving Mesh
C. J. Forster, and M. K. Smith
Georgia Institute of Technology
This paper investigates the evolution of a single bubble going through growth, pinch-off, and condensation while rising due to buoyancy forces in a sub-cooled liquid. Phase change is modeled on the evolving liquid-vapor interface by considering changes in enthalpy and heat fluxes at the interface. A comparison of the ALE model is made with the same single-bubble system computed with a level ...
J. Crompton, S. Yushanov, L. Gritter, and K. Koppenhoefer
AltaSim Technologies, LLC.
Thermoelectric phenomena provide the direct conversion of heat into electricity or electricity into heat, the phenomena is described by three related mechanisms: the Seebeck, Peltier and Thomson effects. Thermoelectric devices have found many applications ranging from temperature measurement, solid state heating or cooling and direct energy conversion from waste heat. In this paper, analysis ...
Keisoku Engineering System Co. Ltd.
A study of an atmospheric pressure direct current microplasma discharge in He/N2 is performed using COMSOL Multiphysics. The calculation of heat transfer is fully coupled with the plasma simulation so as to resolve the gas heating in discharges. A simple circuit model is used to decide the discharge voltage so that the current-voltage (I-V) characteristics are obtained. The I-V ...
M. Gobbert, and D. Trott
University of Maryland Baltimore County
Many application problems have non-smooth forcing terms, such as the Dirac delta function. The convergence order for the FEM solution is limited by the regularity of the solution in this case. This paper presents information on the techniques needed in COMSOL 4 to enable FEM convergence studies for time-dependent problems of this type, including how to correctly implement the Dirac delta ...
Y. Sheng, and L. Yu
Quebec City, QC
A biconcave-shaped Red Blood Cell was trapped and deformed in a dual-trap optical tweezers. The two highly focused trapping beams of Gaussian intensity distribution were modeled as background field in the COMSOL Radio Frequency Module. The 3D radiation stress distribution on the cell surface was computed via the Maxwell stress tensor. The 3D deformation of the cell was computed with the ...
E. Khosrowshahli, and A. Jeremic
School of Biomedical Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
McMaster University, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McMaster University,
Hamilton, ON, Canada
Microwave imaging has been recently proposed as a potentially useful screening technique for breast cancer. This method detects abnormalities in the tissue based on permittivity difference between breast normal and malignant tissue. In this method breast is illuminated by high frequency electromagnetic wave, and received waves are then analyzed in order to construct a map of breast\'s ...
Pryor Knowledge Systems, Inc.
Bloomfield Hills, MI
Electroplating is a vital technology widely employed for many technological applications ranging from decorative or anti-corrosion coatings to high precision nanotechnology passive electromagnetic cloaking devices. This 2D Axisymmetric Electroplating Model demonstrates one of the modeling methodologies that can be used to calculate the transient generation of a coating thickness of a ...
P. Barthelemy, and
Visualization Sciences Group, Burlington, MA, USA
Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, USA
Understanding the rock structure at nano to micro scale is of growing importance in geology, oil and gas, and hydrology. New approaches that relies on a variety of high resolution 3D imaging techniques offered tremendous potential. These new approaches, in the meanwhile, introduce significant new challenges. Starting from digital imaging data, the paper introduces an image-to-simulation ...
P. Lin, C. Chang, H. Huang, and B. Zheng
Mechanical and Aerospace Eng., Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ
FTR Systems (Shanghai) Inc., Shanghai, China
PolarOnyx, Inc., San Jose, CA
School of Mechatronics Eng., University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China
The heat sink designs using impinging liquid jets, which form stagnation flows, feature uniform heat transfer coefficients, and provide thin thermal boundary layers, are studied to reduce the heat from GPUs. Three different designs using central, micro, and uniform-cross-section (UCS) central jets are studied and simulated in COMSOL. The efficiency factors, defined as the ratio of total ...
Simulation of Dendritic Solidification in Cubic and HCP Crystals by Cellular Automaton and Phase-Field Models
M. A. Zaeem, H. Yin, and S. D. Felicelli
Center for Advanced Vehicular Systems, Mississippi State University, MS
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, TN
Mechanical Engineering Department, Mississippi State University, MS
A cellular automaton (CA)-finite element (FE) model and a phase field (PF)-FE model were used to simulate equiaxed dendritic growth during solidification of cubic and hexagonal crystals. The governing equations of PF model include three coupled partial differential equations (PDE) for evolution of concentration, temperature, and non-conserved PF variable. These PDEs were solved using the ...