G. Poulain, D. Blanc, A. Kaminski, B. Semmache, and M. Lemiti
Université de Lyon: Institut des Nanotechnologies de Lyon INL, CNRS, INSA de Lyon, Villeurbanne, France
SEMCO Eng., Montpellier Cedex 5 - France
Silicon solar cells still require cost reduction and improved efficiency to become more competitive. New architectures can provide a significant increase in efficiency, but today most of the approaches need additional processing steps. In this context, laser processing offers a unique way to replace technological steps like photolithography that is not compatible with the requirements of the ...
J.F. Dannenberg, J. Brinkert, and E.A.D. Lamers
Reden b.v., Hengelo (ov.), The Netherlands
One of the upcoming technologies in displays is that of the electrowetting displays. A surface can be covered by a colored oil or transparent water using a voltage to increase or decrease the wettability of the surface. A simulation of the behavior of such a thin film of oil in water, forced to move due an electrostatic field, has been made using the level-set, two-phase flow application mode ...
I. Bogdanov, S. Jardel, A. Turki, and A. Kamp
Open & Experimental Centre for Heavy Oil, University of Pau, Pau, France
Pore-scale modeling of multiphase flow through porous media is addressed most frequently to improve our understanding of flow and transport phenomena in such settings. It can be used to obtain macro-scale constitutive equations, to assign multiphase flow properties in large scale models, to predict how these properties may vary with rock type, wettability, etc. The description of a physical ...
Two-Dimensional FEM Analysis Of Brillouin Gain Spectra In Acoustic Guiding And Acoustic Antiguiding Single Mode Optical Fibers
Y.S. Mamdem, X. Pheron, F.Taillade, Y. Jaouën, R. Gabet, V. Lanticq[1,3], G. Moreau, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, S. Lesoille, and J. Bertrand
EDF R&D, Chatou, France
ANDRA, Chatenay-Malabry, France
LCPC, Paris, France
Telecom ParisTech, Paris, France
Laboratoire Hubert Curien, Saint-Etienne, France
We present a full modal -analysis of optical and acoustic properties based on two-dimensional finite-element method (2D-FEM) for Brillouin Gain spectrum (BGS) determination in optical fibers with COMSOL. This model enables us to predict precisely the BGS of any kind of silica fiber knowing well the geometry of doping composition. The results of numerical modeling have shown good agreement in ...
A. Bissal, G. Engdahl, E. Salinas, and M. Ohrstrom
ABB / KTH, Stockholm, Sweden
The Thomson coil’s (TC) inherent characteristics are appropriate to meet the needs of high speed actuators for mechanical switching devices in so-called smart grids. This is due to the massive forces that it can exert in the time scale of milliseconds. A coupled COMSOL Multiphysics model is developed in 2D involving spice circuits, Magneto-statics, and Moving Mesh Mode for predicting the motion ...
L. Spicci, and M. Cati
Esaote SpA, Florence, Italy
The technology involved in high performance ultrasound imaging probes needs a reliable model to help in new projects development and performance simulations. To achieve a useful model, it is necessary to use correct values for all material parameters involved in the electro-acoustical performances of the piezoelectric material, but unfortunately some of these parameters are known only with high ...
Using Computational Fluid Dynamics Model to Predict Changes in Velocity properties in Stented Carotid Artery
S. Vaidehi, and A. Ritter
Stevens Institute of Technolgy, Hoboken, NJ, USA
Atherosclerosis is a disease that narrows, thickens, hardens and restructures a blood vessel due to substantial plaque deposit. In the Carotid Artery, the decision to treat using endarterectomy and stenting is determined by the velocity as measured by Doppler flow in the common Carotid Artery. The measured Doppler velocity as compared with the contra-lateral side has been correlated with the ...
B. Chinè[1,2], and M. Monno[1,3]
Laboratorio MUSP, Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
Instituto Tecnològico de Costa Rica, Escuela de Ciencia e Ingenierìa de Materiales, Cartago, Costa Rica
Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Milano, Italy
We use COMSOL Multiphysics to model a gas bubble expansion in a viscous liquid initially at rest, a very common system for lightweight foamed materials from metal production and polymer processing. Modelling and simulation of foam processing during the production step involves many complexities, mainly due to the coupled momentum, mass and energy transport mechanisms, presence of more phases in ...
B. Marmo, and B. Carruthers
Reactec Ltd., Edinburgh, United Kingdom
The onshore wind turbine industry must overcome many technical, commercial, and environmental difficulties. A significant element for planning consent is operational noise. Acoustic limits are strictly enforced and can lead to near-neighbour complaints as well as contractual disputes. Reactec have diagnosed, analysed and solved a problematic tonal resonance for a major wind turbine generator ...
CEA Valduc, France
During the welding of tantalum with a ND: YAG pulsed laser, a deep and narrow cavity, called the keyhole, is formed. At the end of the process, surface tension forces provoke the collapse of the keyhole. For important interface deformations, gas bubbles can be trapped into the melting pool. If the solidification time is insufficient, these bubbles give birth to residual porosities. The aim of ...