T. Santos, L.C. Costa[1,2], M. Valente[1,2], J. Monteiro[1,2], and J. Sousa
University of Aveiro, Portugal
I3N, Aveiro, Portugal
TEKA Portugal S.A., Ílhavo, Portugal
In microwave heating applications, the energy is introduced directly into the volume of the material and as consequence the quality of the process is highly dependent on the uniformity of the electromagnetic field distribution along it. That is, the non uniformity of the heating is a potential problem with serious consequences. Thermal runaway is the most critical, in materials with temperature ...
Numerical Study of a High Temperature Latent Heat Storage (200-300oC) Using Eutectic Nitrate Salt of Sodium Nitrate and Potassium Nitrate
C.W. Foong, J.E. Hustad, J. Løvseth, and O.J. Nydal
Department of Energy and Process Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
In this study, a small scale direct solar thermal energy storage system with secondary reflector is designed and developed. The main advantage of thermal energy storage is that cooking can be carried out during the time when there is little or no sun shine. In addition, no heat transport fluid is needed in this system. A well insulated heat storage should keep the heat for about 24 hours. KNO3 ...
A. Heidsieck, and B. Gleich
Zentralinstitut für Medizintechnik, TU München, München, Germany
The technique of magnetic drug targeting binds genetic material or drugs to superparamagnetic nanoparticles and accumulates them via an external magnetic field in a target region. However, it is still a challenge for this approach to succeed in areas with high flow rates, like the aorta or the heart ventricle. The magnetic field sources have to be accurately optimized and adapted to the local ...
Modelling the Effects of Temperature and Moisture Ingress on Capacitance and Dissipation Factor Measurements within Oil Impregnated Paper Transformer Bushings
D. Smith, S.G. McMeekin, B.G. Stewart, and P.A. Wallace
Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom
The majority of power transformer high voltage bushings today are of the condenser oil impregnated paper (OIP) type. The ingress of moisture, through the deterioration of the bushing over time, can result in a significant reduction in life and is a major failure mode of these bushings. Currently, the measurement of capacitance and dissipation factor is the most common method used to assess the ...
Université Paris-Est, CERTES, Créteil Cedex, France
In this paper, thermal properties of composites are investigated numerically and experimentally. In the numerical study, finite-elements method in COMSOL is used to modelize heat transfer and to calculate the Effective Thermal Conductivity (ETC) of the composite for three elementary cells, such as simple cubic (SC), body centered cubic (BCC) and face centered cubic (FCC). The effect of the ...
E. Holzbecher, W.L. Wah, and M-S. Litz
Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Germany
Freie Universität Berlin, Germany
There are various alternative options concerning modeling fluid flow within fractures in porous media. We give a general overview, with remarks concerning the modeling using COMSOL Multiphysics. Moreover we define and study two test cases for intercomparison. Finally for one of the testcases some results of an extensive sensitivity study is presented.
C. Strozzi, P. Gillard, and J-M. Pascaud
Institut PRISME, Bourges, France
The aim of this work is to present a simple multiphysics simulation using COMSOL able to describe combustion of kerosene vapours in a closed vessel. The emphasis is on the mechanical effects of the reactive processes. The evolution of the thermodynamical variables (pressure, temperature, concentrations…) is obtained by solving several coupled transport equations for: the mass continuity, the ...
2D Axial-Symmetric Model For Fluid Flow And Heat Transfer In The Melting And Resolidification Of A Vertical Cylinder
S. Morville, M. Carin, M. Muller, M. Gharbi, P. Peyre, D. Carron, P. Le Masson, and R. Fabro
Laboratoire LIMATB, Université de Bretagne Sud, Lorient , France
Laboratoire PIMM, Arts et Métiers ParisTech, Paris, France
Laser direct deposition is a process, different from molding or machining, which allows the producing of fully densified and operational components. This technique involves injecting metal powder through a coaxial nozzle into a melt pool obtained by a moving laser beam. The final object is obtained by superimposing the layers created by the process. The roughness of the functional part is ...
Modeling Of A Single Pulse Electric Discharge At Sphere/Flat Interface By Coupling Contact Multiphysics And Phase Transformations
G. Maizza, P. Di Napoli, and R. Cagliero
Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali ed Ingegneria Chimica, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
Contact electro-thermal phenomena are of great theoretical and technological interest to a large number of processing applications, such as spot welding, current-assisted sintering, electrical circuitry (switches) and motors. A model has been developed, aiming at predicting physical and metallurgical phenomena in a steel sample upon rapid heating induced by current pulse discharge. Electric ...
G. Poulain, D. Blanc, A. Kaminski, B. Semmache, and M. Lemiti
Université de Lyon: Institut des Nanotechnologies de Lyon INL, CNRS, INSA de Lyon, Villeurbanne, France
SEMCO Eng., Montpellier Cedex 5 - France
Silicon solar cells still require cost reduction and improved efficiency to become more competitive. New architectures can provide a significant increase in efficiency, but today most of the approaches need additional processing steps. In this context, laser processing offers a unique way to replace technological steps like photolithography that is not compatible with the requirements of the ...