S. Kumar, and M. Raju
General Motors R&D Center, Warren, MI, USA
Optimal CAE Inc., Detroit, MI, USA
Hydrogen refueling in a metal hydride based automotive hydrogen storage system is an exothermic reaction and hence an efficient heat exchanger is required to remove the heat for fast refueling. In this paper a helical coil heat exchanger embedded in a sodium alanate bed is modeled using COMSOL. Sodium alanate is present in the shell and the coolant flows through the helical tube. A three ...
K.C. Koppenhoefer, S.Y. Yushanov, L.T. Gritter, J.S. Crompton, and R.O. Edwards
AltaSim Technologies LLC, Columbus, OH, USA
Cummins Fuel Systems, Columbus, IN, USA
Reynolds equation is used to analyze fluid flow through small gaps. As such, the solution of Reynolds equation provides critical information for a wide range of tribological problems. In any case where a lubricant resides between two moving surfaces, the Reynolds equation can be used to solve for the flow. In the case considered in this paper, lubricant flows between a piston and housing forced ...
M. Yang[1,2], R. O'Handley, and Z. Fang[2,3]
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
Ferro Solutions, Woburn, MA, USA
Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
A ferrofluid contains nanoscale ferromagnetic particles suspended in a carrier liquid. It is used in some high-power acoustic speakers to cool the drive coil. The ferromagnetic particles far from the heat source are attracted by the drive coil’s magnetic field. As the fluid approaches the heat source, its temperature rises, causing the nanoparticles to become paramagnetic. Cooler magnetic fluid ...
Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Newport, RI, USA
In order to transmit energy in one direction, sonar flextensional transducers are combined into arrays of elements that are spaced a 1/4 wavelength apart. The directionality (front-to-back pressure ratio) is a modest of 6 dB. A single projector that is 1/3 wavelength in size and capable of developing unidirectional beams with front-to-back ratios greater than 20 dB that is independent of sound ...
J. Xiao, and D. Attinger
Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
Convective deposition is a material processing technique where an evaporating meniscus of a colloidal suspension is dragged along a solid substrate to deposit layers of micro or nanoparticles. The process is a typical multiphysics process where fluid dynamics, mass and heat transfer come into play in a small deforming domain. In this work, we describe an Arbitrary Lagrangian-Euler model ...
R. Bikky, N. Badi, and A. Bensaoula
University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA
In this work, we present the effective properties of nanodielectrics with gold (Au) nanoparticles embedded in polymer (Polyvinyl Pyrrolidone (PVP)) matrix, calculated by using finite element method (FEM) based simulation in COMSOL Multiphysics software. Drude model is used to calculate size dependent complex dielectric function of Au. EMTs of Maxwell-Garnett, Bruggeman and Looyenga models are ...
Implementation of the Perfectly Matched Layer to Determine the Quality Factor of Axisymmetric Resonators in COMSOL
M.I. Cheema, and A.G. Kirk
McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada
Due to the inseparability of the wave equation, numerical methods are needed to develop an accurate electromagnetic model for various axisymmetric resonators such as micro-discs and micro-toroids. Our purpose is the implementation of a perfectly matched layer to determine the quality factor of axisymmetric resonators with high accuracy in COMSOL. We treated the perfectly matched layer as an ...
Characterization of an AlGaN/GaN Electrostatically Actuated Cantilever Using the Finite Element Method
N. DeRoller, M. Qazi, J. Liu, and G. Koley
University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA
AlGaN/GaN heterostructures are unique because the 2DEG at the interface is created by the difference in polarization properties of the AlGaN and the GaN layers; not due to intentional doping. In this work, a 3D model of an electrostatically actuated micro cantilever has been developed using COMSOL for characterization using the finite element method (FEM). The microcantilever has AlGaN/GaN HFET ...
Conestoga College, Kitchener, ON, Canada
The main purpose of this paper is to develop a proof of concept software that can simulate the geometry of engraved surfaces and can estimate the depth and width of engraved groove and associated laser parameters. For this purpose, COMSOL has been used to simulate the moving laser beam as a source of heat over physical domain made of different materials. Through interaction modeling of ...
R.K. Kapania, R.C. Singh, and C. Sultan
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, USA
This paper presents an ongoing effort, motivated by developing self-contained sensors for structural health monitoring of inflatable structures, to model the process of extracting useable electrical power from the mechanical vibrations of thin, prestressed membrane structures. Energy harvesting from mechanical vibrations of these structures may provide enough power to operate both the sensors as ...