# Application Gallery

The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

Search for tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise via the Quick Search feature. To download the MPH-files, log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license. Note that many of the examples featured here can also be accessed via the Application Libraries that are built into the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and available from the File menu.

### Truss Bridge Designer

The Truss Bridge Designer app is an example of how to design a simulation tool for a class of civil engineering structures, in this case a Pratt truss bridge. Such a bridge is characterized by the diagonal beams on each side of the bridge, which all slant down and in toward the center of the span. Because of this design, the diagonal beams are subjected only to tension, while the vertical beams, ...

### Stress Relaxation of a Viscoelastic Tube

This model studies the temperature effects on the viscoelastic stress relaxation in a long thick-walled cylinder. In particular, decay of the stresses under the influence of the temperature field during a period of two hours is studied. A four-term generalized Maxwell model represents the material.

### Assembly with a Hinge

In mechanical assemblies, parts are sometimes connected so that they are free to move relative to each other in one or more degrees of freedom. Examples of such connections are ball joints, hinges, and different types of bearings. If the details of the connection are not the subjects of the analysis, it is often possible to model the connection using the Rigid Connector feature in COMSOL ...

### Fuel Cell Bipolar Plate

A fuel cell stack operates at temperatures just below 100 °C, which means that it has to be heated at start-up. The fuel cell stack consists of unit cell of anode, membrane, and cathode connected in series through bipolar plates. This study presents a model that couples the thermal and structural deformations in a fuel cell bipolar plate. The magnitude and position of the thermal stresses ...

### Fundamental Eigenfrequency of a Rotating Blade

High rotational speed in rotating machineries can result in centrifugal forces of considerable magnitude. The forces induced by the rotation give rise to two counteracting effects: stress-stiffening and spin-softening (or centrifugal softening). The former is caused by the stationary stress field created by the centrifugal force and acts to increase the stiffness of the body, and so increase its ...

### Pinched Hemispherical Shell

This example studies the deformation of a hemispherical shell, where the loads cause significant geometric nonlinearity. The maximum deflections are more than two magnitudes larger than the thickness of the shell. The problem is a standard benchmark, used for testing shell formulations in a case which contains membrane and bending action, as well as large rigid body rotation.

### In-Plane and Space Truss

Trusses are elements which can only sustain axial forces. You can use trusses to model truss works where the edges are straight as well structures like sagging cables. In the following example you first build and solve a simple 2D truss model using the 2D Truss interface. Later on, you analyze a 3D variant of the same problem using the 3D Truss interface. This model calculates the deformation ...

### Generalized Kelvin Viscoelastic Material

The behavior of viscoelastic materials can be represented by conceptual models composed of elastic and viscous elements connected in series or in parallel. The rheology of the generalized Kelvin model (also called generalized Kelvin-Voigt model) consists of an elastic spring to represent the instantaneous stiffness plus n Kelvin-Voigt branches connected in series. This example shows how to ...

### Vibrating Micromirror with Viscous and Thermal Damping: Transient Behavior

Micromirrors are used in certain MEMS devices to control optic elements. This example model illustrates a mirror that is initially actuated for a short time and then exhibits damped vibrations. It simulates a vibrating micromirror surrounded by air and uses the *Thermoviscous Acoustics, Transient*, the *Shell*, and the *Pressure Acoustics, Transient* interfaces to model the fluid-solid ...

### Kirsch Infinite Plate Problem

This model describes a static stress analysis to obtain the stress distribution in the vicinity of a small hole in an infinite plate. The model is a classic benchmark and is described in Mechanics of Material, by D. Roylance. The stress level is then compared with the theoretical values.

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