# Application Gallery

The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

Search for tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise via the Quick Search feature. To download the MPH-files, log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license. Note that many of the examples featured here can also be accessed via the Application Libraries that are built into the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and available from the File menu.

### Thin-Film Resistance

In modeling of transport by diffusion or conduction in thin layers, we often encounter large differences in dimensions of the different domains in a model. If the modeled structure is a so-called sandwich structure, we can replace the thinnest geometrical layers with a thin layer approximation, provided that the difference in thickness is very large. This method can be used in many ...

### Loudspeaker Driver

This example shows you how to model a loudspeaker of the dynamic cone driver type, common for low and medium frequencies. The model analysis includes the total electric impedance and the on-axis sound pressure level at a nominal driving voltage, as functions of the frequency. The spatial characteristics of the speaker are depicted in a directivity plot. The tutorial model is set up using a ...

### Heating Circuit

Small heating circuits find use in many applications. For example, in manufacturing processes, they heat up reactive fluids. The device in this tutorial example consists of an electrically resistive layer deposited on a glass plate. The layer results in Joule heating when a voltage is applied to the circuit, which results in a structural deformation. The layer’s properties determine the amount ...

### Red Blood Cell Separation

Dielectrophoresis (DEP) occurs when a force is exerted on a dielectric particle as it is subjected to a nonuniform electric field. DEP has many applications in the field of biomedical devices used for biosensors, diagnostics, particle manipulation and filtration (sorting), particle assembly, and more. The DEP force is sensitive to the size, shape, and dielectric properties of the particles. ...

### Fluid-Structure Interaction in a Network of Blood Vessels

This model refers to a portion of the vascular system of a young child - the upper part of the aorta artery. The blood vessels are embedded in a biological tissue (the cardiac muscle) and, during the flow of blood, pressure is applied to the internal surfaces producing deformation of the vessel walls. The complete analysis consists of two distinct but coupled procedures: a fluid-dynamics ...

### Capacitive Pressure Sensor

A capacitive pressure sensor is simulated. This model shows how to simulate the response of the pressure sensor to an applied pressure, and also how to analyze the effects of packing induced stresses on the sensor performance.

### Piezoacoustic Transducer

A piezoelectric transducer can be used either to transform an electric current to an acoustic pressure field or, the opposite, to produce an electric current from an acoustic field. These devices are generally useful for applications that require the generation of sound in air and liquids. Examples of such applications include phased array microphones, ultrasound equipment, inkjet droplet ...

### Pore-Scale Flow

This non-conventional model of porous media flow utilizes creeping (Stokes) flow in the interstices of a porous media. The model comes from the pore-scale flow experiments conducted by Arturo Keller, Maria Auset, and Sanya Sirivithayapakorn of the University of California, Santa Barbara. The geometry used in the model was produced by scanning electron microscope images. In this example, we take ...

### Acoustic-Structure Interaction

Liquid or gas acoustics coupled to structural objects such as membranes, plates or solids are important applications in many engineering fields. This model is a general demonstration of an acoustic fluid phenomenon in 3D that is coupled to a solid object. The walls of the solid object are impacted by the acoustic pressure. The frequency response from the solid is calculated, which is then fed ...

### Ultrasound Flow Meter with Generic Time-of-Flight Configuration

Knowing the velocity of a moving fluid is important in all cases where the fluid is used to transport material or energy. In the time-of-flight or transit-time method for determining flow velocity, an ultrasonic signal is transmitted across the main flow in a pipe to noninvasively determine its velocity. By transmitting the signal at an angle relative to the main flow, the ultrasound signal will ...

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