# Application Gallery

The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

Search for tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise via the Quick Search feature. To download the MPH-files, log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license. Note that many of the examples featured here can also be accessed via the Application Libraries that are built into the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and available from the File menu.

MEMS Modulex

### External Material Examples, Structural Mechanics

A new way to specify user-defined material models is included in COMSOL Multiphysics version 5.2. For structural mechanics, you have the possibility to either completely define the material model in a domain, or to add an inelastic strain contribution to an elastic material. The ... Read More

### Thermal Expansion in a MEMS Device

This model analyzes the thermal expansion in a MEMS device, such as a microgyroscope, where thermal expansion should be minimized. The device is made from the copper-beryllium alloy UNS C17500 and uses temperature-dependent material properties from the Material Library. The purpose of ... Read More

### Electromagnetic Force Calculation Using Virtual Work and Maxwell Stress Tensor

The model compare the electromagnetic force calculated by *virtual work* and *maxwell stress tensor* methods on the axial magntic bearing. The forces is evaluated by studying the effect of a small displacement on the electromagnetic energy of the system. This is done by using the ... Read More

### Thermoelastic Damping in a MEMS Resonator

Thermoelastic damping, which arises when you subject a material to cyclic stress, is an important factor when designing MEMS resonators. The stress brings about deformation, where materials heat under compressive stress and cool under tensile stress. Thus, due to the resulting heat flux, ... Read More

### Adhesion and Decohesion of Indenting Ball

A steel ball is pressed down against a rubber membrane. When the contact pressure exceeds a certain value, the two parts start sticking together. When the ball is retracted, the membrane is pulled upwards in the bonded region. During the retraction, the bond is partially broken. This ... Read More

### Residual Stress in a Thin Film Resonator — 3D

Surface micromachined thin films are often subject to residual stress. This COMSOL Multiphysics example describes a thin film resonator with straight or folded cantilever beam springs. The resonance frequencies of the resonator are affected by thermal stress. Using folded springs ... Read More

### Piezoceramic Tube

This example involves a static 2D axisymmetric analysis of a piezoelectric actuator using the Piezoelectric Devices physics interface. It models a radially polarized piezoelectric tube, as described by S. Peelamedu and co-authors. An application area where radially polarized tubes are ... Read More

### Eigenfrequency Shifts Caused by Temperature Changes

This example explores the shift in natural frequencies caused by changing the temperature. One study investigates a doubly clamped beam where both ends are fixed, while the other study looks at a cantilever beam where only one end is fixed. The following effects are studied: * Stress ... Read More

### Dispersion Diagram of a Thin-Film BAW Structure

This model shows how to create dispersion diagrams from simulation results by extending the tutorial Thin-Film BAW Composite Resonator. The dispersion curve can be plotted against both real and imaginary values of the wave number, corresponding to the propagating modes and evanescent ... Read More

### Prestressed Micromirror

One method of creating spring-like structures or inducing curvature in thin structures is to plate them to substrates that are under the influence of residual stresses. The plating process can control this stress even for similar materials. One such device is the electrostatically ... Read More

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