The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

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3D Supersonic Flow in a Channel With a Bump

This example models 3D supersonic flow, including the effect of a shock, in a straight channel with a small obstacle on one of the walls. As the flow hits the obstacle, shock waves are diffracted from the obstacle and walls of the channel. The propagating shock waves form a pattern in the velocity profile and density distribution. The model makes use of the adaptive mesh refinement feature in ...

Flow in an Airlift Loop Reactor

This example illustrates multiphase flow modeling in an airlift loop reactor. The reactor is filled with water and air bubbles are injected at the bottom through two frits. Due to buoyancy, the bubbles rise, inducing a circulating motion of the liquid. The model specifically investigates the effect of including bubble-induced turbulence.

Flow Around an Inclined NACA 0012 Airfoil

This model simulates the flow around an inclined NACA 0012 airfoil at different angles of attack using the SST turbulence model. The results show good agreement with the experimental lift data of Ladson and the pressure data of Gregory and O’Reilly.

Syngas Combustion in a Round-Jet Burner

The model simulates non-premixed turbulent combustion of syngas (synthesis gas) in a simple round-jet burner. Syngas is a gas mixture, primarily composed of hydrogen, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide. The name syngas relates to its use in creating synthetic natural gas. In the model, syngas is fed from a pipe into an open region with a slow co-flow of air. Upon exiting the pipe, the syngas ...

Two-Phase Flow Modeling of a Dense Suspension

Liquid-solid mixtures (suspensions) are important in a variety of industrial fields, such as oil and gas refinement, paper manufacturing, food processing, slurry transport, and wastewater treatment. Several different modeling approaches have been developed by the CFD community, ranging from discrete, particle-based methods to macroscopic, semi-empirical two-phase descriptions. This model ...

Laminar Flow in a Baffled Stirred Mixer

This model exemplifies the use of the Rotating Machinery interface, which allows you to model moving rotating parts in, for example, stirred tanks, mixers, and pumps. The Rotating Machinery interface formulates the Navier-Stokes equations in a rotating coordinate system. Parts that are not rotated are expressed in the fixed material coordinate system. The rotating and fixed parts need to be ...

Turbulent Mixing of a Trace Species

This tutorial model demonstrates how mixing can be visualized in a stirred vessel by seeding a trace species from a point. The flow is modeled using the Rotating Machinery, Fluid Flow physics which solves Navier-Stokes equations on geometries with rotating parts, for example impellers. The transport of the trace species is modeled using the Transport of Diluted Species physics.

Sloshing Two-Phase Flow in an Automobile Fuel Tank

Sloshing occurs in the tanks of vehicles during rapid acceleration and braking. This can be significantly reduced by inserting internal baffles into the tanks, positioned in a way so that the amplitude of the sloshing oscillation is dampened. Simulation can help to estimate effective designs for the baffles. The model investigates the two-phase flow in a realistic tank geometry, while tracking ...

Turbulent Flow Over a Backward Facing Step

The backward facing step is an interesting case for studying the performance and solution strategy of a turbulence model. In this case, the flow is subjected to a sudden increase of cross-sectional area, resulting in a separation of flow starting at the point of expansion. Spatial variations in the velocity field cause production of turbulence outside the wall region and its interaction with ...

Contaminant-Removal from Wastewater in a Secondary Clarifier by Sedimentation

Wastewater treatment is a several-step process for removing contaminants. Firstly, large, solid particles are removed through sedimentation, flotation, and filtration. And then in a second step, biological treatment causes the smaller particles to aggregate, forming so called flocs. These flocs can be more easily removed by processes such as sedimentation. In a circular secondary clarifier, ...