Preventing Airborne Infection with CFD Modeling

Fanny Littmarck | December 2, 2015

Healthcare-associated infections (HAI) affect millions of people around the globe. While the most common cause of HAI is direct contact with the source, airborne bacteria may also play a role in patient infections. To prevent airborne infection and make hospital clean rooms safer, it’s important to design efficient ventilation systems. As an added benefit, efficient ventilation designs also lead to lower energy-related costs. The first step to a better design is CFD modeling.

Read More

Bernd Baumann | November 11, 2015

Today, we introduce guest blogger Bernd Baumann, who shares insight into optimizing the performance of metal-halide lamps with simulation, with input from his colleague Joerg Schwieger. With the help of COMSOL Multiphysics, we investigated the impact of acoustic resonances and the related acoustic streaming field on the operation of metal-halide discharge lamps. To our surprise, we found that the lamps exhibit behaviors that are similar to a well-known mechanical system — the forced Duffing oscillator with a softening spring.

Read More

Caty Fairclough | October 19, 2015

When flowing through a constricted area of a pipe, a fluid’s velocity increases and its static pressure decreases. This principle is known as the Venturi effect. Today, we will take a closer look at this effect, including some of its applications.

Read More

Categories

Pankaj Nerikar | September 24, 2015

In an operating nuclear reactor, complex and highly coupled physical phenomena occur. Analyzing such phenomena within these devices by conducting physical experiments is often difficult and sometimes impossible. Simulation offers a simplified approach to studying and optimizing nuclear reactor designs, saving time, money, and other resources.

Read More

Bridget Cunningham | September 15, 2015

Previously on the blog, we introduced you to the constructal law, the law of physics that accounts for the natural tendency of designs to evolve freely over time to flow more easily. As research has been conducted to support this pattern of design evolution, an even greater phenomenon has come to light: Humans and technology are one species, evolving together.

Read More

Categories

Walter Frei | September 8, 2015

Good competitive paddling requires strength, timing, consistency, and teamwork. Initially, this may seem quite easy. Simply stick your paddle in the water and make the water go backward so that the boat moves forward. As it turns out, there are actually many different paddling strokes you can use depending on the situation.

Read More

Phil Kinnane | November 5, 2015

Cricket is the second most popular sport in the world, but it’s also considered an art. This is seen in the technical abilities required by the batsman to protect his wicket and go on to score runs. It’s also due to the type of bowling used to get the batsman out, which depends on a myriad of physical factors. Here, we investigate one of these techniques — the art of swing bowling.

Read More

Categories

Fabio Bocchi | October 14, 2015

As a technical support engineer, one of the most common technical questions I receive is: “How can I compute the mass conservation of a fluid flow simulation or the energy balance of a conjugate heat transfer simulation?” This is often requested to investigate and ensure a simulation’s accuracy. Here, I will demonstrate how to perform these calculations in COMSOL Multiphysics and introduce some of the predefined variables available for postprocessing the energy rate terms of the energy balance equation.

Read More

Aditi Karandikar | September 16, 2015

Do you drool at the very mention of chocolate? If so, you’re a “chocoholic” like me, and Nestlé’s Kit Kat® bar is one of my favorites. For 80 years, people around the globe have devoured this four-piece delight. To ensure every bar of chocolate produced has the same consistency, texture, and taste, the engineers at Nestlé’s Product Technology Centre in York, UK (PTC York) are using simulation to optimize the Kit Kat® bar manufacturing process.

Read More

Brianne Costa | September 9, 2015

Fluid dampers have a range of uses, from stabilizing skyscrapers to controlling fluid flow in microflow devices. Through a process called viscous heating, these dampers are able to dissipate mechanical energy into heat. Too much heat can cause damage to the damper, so it’s important to understand the viscous heating process when optimizing your fluid damper designs.

Read More

Categories

Caty Fairclough | August 31, 2015

Adjusting the focal length of a camera lens allows you to change your angle of view. Miniature lenses can achieve this change by using a method called electrowetting. Electrowetting involves changing the balance of forces at a contact point of a free surface and a solid by applying a voltage. However, focus is not obtained immediately due to oscillations in the free surface. Here, we investigate the optimal viscosity for critically damping the free surface when a voltage is applied.

Read More

Categories

1 2 3 4 5 13