Investigating a Three-Port Ferrite Circulator Design with RF Simulation

Caty Fairclough July 13, 2018

Circulators are a bit like traffic circles (also known as rotaries or roundabouts), where motion occurs in one direction only and each pathway doubles as an entrance and exit. In a circulator, however, the microwave signal always exits at the next available port. This characteristic makes circulators useful for applications that involve coupling transmitters and receivers to common antennas. To ensure that circulators function successfully, electrical engineers can study their designs with electromagnetics simulation.

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Brianne Costa July 2, 2018

What do beer fermentation, soil analysis, and the production of dairy products have in common? They all involve the use of ion-sensitive field-effect transistors (ISFETs) for pH measurement. These sensors are small, efficient, and durable, which makes them suitable for food, environmental, and biomedical applications. However, ISFETs can experience drift and are sensitive to different temperatures, which limits their accuracy and stability. Using the COMSOL® software, engineers can accurately analyze ISFET designs and improve their performance.

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Yosuke Mizuyama June 26, 2018

In a previous blog post, we discussed the paraxial Gaussian beam formula. Today, we’ll talk about a more accurate formulation for Gaussian beams, available as of version 5.3a of the COMSOL® software. This formulation based on a plane wave expansion can handle nonparaxial Gaussian beams more accurately than the conventional paraxial formulation.

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Caty Fairclough June 20, 2018

Silicon planar devices, imaging sensors, and microprocessors often include a metal-oxide-silicon (MOS) capacitor. To ensure that these devices perform as expected in an application, engineers can accurately analyze their designs using simulation. With the Semiconductor Module, an add-on product to the COMSOL Multiphysics® software, there are multiple methods to do just that…

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Kirill Shaposhnikov June 18, 2018

A thorough analysis of a loudspeaker driver is not limited to a frequency-domain study. Some desirable and undesirable (but nonetheless exciting) effects can only be caught by a nonlinear time-domain study. Here, we will discuss how system nonlinearities affect the generated sound and how to use the COMSOL Multiphysics® software to perform a nonlinear distortion analysis of a loudspeaker driver.

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Thomas Forrister June 5, 2018

The greenhouse effect has made it necessary for scientists to develop combustion processes that minimize the accumulation of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Possible fuels in these processes include biomass and other biofuels, which recycle carbon within a short timescale. But there’s a downside: Combustion of these materials produces carbon and ash particles that must be removed from the exhaust. To improve particle filtration, researchers studied electrostatic filter designs using models that were validated by comparing them to experimental data.

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Walter Frei May 25, 2018

One of the more common uses of the AC/DC Module, an add-on to the COMSOL Multiphysics® software, is for modeling conductors and other lossy materials in time-varying magnetic fields when there are significant induced currents. The appropriate modeling approach depends upon how quickly the magnetic fields vary over time. Here, we review the basics and describe various modeling techniques to use.

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Caty Fairclough May 17, 2018

Mount Erebus, one of Earth’s most remote volcanoes, sits covered in snow and ice. These chilly surroundings can be misleading, as Mount Erebus has another claim to fame: It’s the most active volcano in Antarctica. One option for mapping its magma flow is with a technique called magnetotellurics (MT), which measures the electrical resistivity of Earth’s crust. To study and improve MT, engineers can analyze its performance with electromagnetics simulation.

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Bridget Paulus May 16, 2018

Thanks to their ability to “tune out” specific frequencies, electromagnetic band gaps (EBGs) are found in many different applications. EBGs can suppress unwanted electromagnetic interference (EMI) and increase electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). These structures are commonly used between nearby antennas, which can help minimize undesirable coupling and thereby enhance their performance. However, using an EBG isn’t always a guarantee for better antenna isolation. To analyze the effectiveness of an EBG, engineers can use the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and add-on RF Module.

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Brianne Costa May 9, 2018

During his life, John Scott Russell chased his passion for science — literally. While watching horses pull a boat through a shallow canal, he noticed a wave behaving strangely and followed it for one or two miles on horseback. For the rest of his life, he continued to chase this wave (which he called the “wave of translation”) figuratively, persevering even when his theories were ridiculed by scientists. Did Scott Russell ever catch up to his wave?

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Stuart Barnes May 7, 2018

The Ray Optics Module extends the modeling capabilities of the COMSOL Multiphysics® software to include ray tracing simulation. This module makes it possible to accomplish advanced thermal, structural, and other studies of complex optical systems in an integrated software environment. The first step in a successful simulation is the creation of the model geometry. This blog post examines how to create a complex lens geometry, using the Petzval lens as an example.

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