Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Surface tension driven flow during oxygen top blowing of liquid copper

Marin, T.1, 2, Utigard, T.1
1 Univeristy of Toronto, Materials Science and Engineering
2 Universidad de Chile, Departamento de Ingenieria de Minas

The rate of liquid copper oxidation plays an important role in the separation of impurities from copper during fire refining. A finite elements numerical model using FEMLAB 3.1 for the oxidation of liquid copper during top blowing of oxygen/nitrogen mixtures is presented and compared to experimental results. In this model, surface tension driven flow arising from gradients of oxygen ...

Modelling massive forming processes with thermally coupled fluid dynamics

Schmitter, E.D.
University of Applied Sciences Osnabrueck

With massive forming processes like rolling, extrusion and friction stir welding metal alloys are deformed in a hot solid state. Material flow under ideally plastic conditions can be modelled with computational fluid dynamics (CFD). This approach has advantages especially in case of large deformations. Material properties enter via a viscosity function, that can be related to the flow stress ...

Impact Assessment of Hydrologic and Operational Factors on the Efficiency of Managed Aquifer Recharge Scheme

M.A. Rahman[1], P. Oberdorfer[1], Y. Jin[1], M. Pervin[1], E. Holzbecher[1]
[1]Department of Applied Geology, Geoscience Center, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Lower Saxony, Germany

Due to increased demands on groundwater accompanied by increased drawdowns (ca. 2-3 meters/year), technologies that use alternative water resources have been suggested for Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Preliminary studies show that managed aquifer recharge (MAR) would help in optimal use of available water resources and to reduce adverse effects of pumping in the Dupitila aquifer of the city. In this ...

Multiphysics Modeling of Swelling Gels

A. Lucantonio[1], P. Nardinocchi[1], L. Teresi[2]
[1]Università degli Studi La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
[2]LaMS - Modelling & Simulation Lab, Università degli Studi Roma Tre, Roma, Italy

Polymer gels belong to the realm of soft active materials as they are capable of responding to a non-mechanical stimulus – the permeation of a solvent – with a mechanical action – a volume change, thanks to the coupling between different physics. This mechanism of coupling can be exploited in a wide range of applications, including biomedical devices, making crucial the understanding of the ...

Using Coupling Variables to Solve Compressible flow, Multiphase flow and Plasma Processing Problems

D. Smith
MKS Instruments

This presentation summarizes three different types of modeling using COMSOL Multiphysics. It is divided into three parts: Compressible flow, Multiphase flow, and Plasma Simulations. For the first part, we perform a special case study of the Mass Flow Verifier. A Mass Flow Verifier validates the accuracy of a Mass Flow Controller by measuring the rate of change of pressure in a fixed volume. ...

Mixers and Pumps for Microfluidic Systems, based on Conducting Polymer Oxidation Wave

K. Kannappan, G. Bogle, J. Travas-Sejdic, and D.E. Williams
University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand

Electrochemically-active conducting polymers (ECP) swell or shrink in response to ion and solvent incorporation or ejection as a result of electrochemical reaction of the polymer. When anodic potential is applied to an electrode attached to one end of ECP strip, the oxidation process starts from the electrode and proceeds along the polymer, propagating as a wave. This wave is driven as a ...

Modeling Of A Strongly Coupled Thermal, Hydraulic And Chemical Problem: Drying And Low-Temperature Pyrolysis Of Chromated Copper Arsenate (CCA)-Wood Waste Particles In A Moving Bed Reactor

J. Govaerts[1], and L. Helsen[2]
[1]SCK-CEN, Belgian Nuclear Research Centre, Performance Assessment Unit, Mol, Belgium
[2]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Division of Applied Mechanics and Energy Conversion, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Heverlee, Belgium

Low temperature thermal carbonisation might be the ultimate solution to the growing disposal problem of CopperChromeArsenic-treated waste wood. This energy and material recuperating technology is currently in the process of upscaling to an industrial level. In the present study, a numerical model is developed in COMSOL Multiphysics that allows to investigate the temperature profiles, gas ...

Watching Paint Dry: A 2D Model of Latex Film Formation

W. Vetterling
ZINK, Imaging Inc.
Bedford, MA

In this work we have constructed a 2D COMSOL model for the drying of Latex. It is based on a prior 1D model of Kiil, but also includes the effects of a flowing air stream, which is necessary to remove the evaporated water vapor. The model illustrates several features of drying that are not accessible to the 1D model, in particular the a profile in the air/water interface that forms near the ...

Miscible Viscous Fingering: Application in Chromatographic Columns and Aquifers

S. Pramanik[1], G. L. Kulukuru[1], M. Mishra[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar, Punjab, India

When a less viscous fluid displaces a more viscous one in a porous medium or Hele-Shaw cell, the interface between the two miscible fluids does not remain flat and deforms into fingers growing in time [1]. It occurs due to the faster movement of less viscous fluid than the more viscous one, for a given pressure gradient. Fingering affects in aquifers, in packed bed reactors, and detrimental to ...

Simulation des Durchbruchsverhaltens in der Gas-phase

Cartellieri, A.1, Horn, A.1, Niemeyer, B.2
1 Helmut-Schmidt-Universität / Universität der Bundeswehr Hamburg, Verfahrenstechnik, insbesondere Stofftrennung
2 GKSS Forschungszentrum, Institut für Küstenforschung, Entwicklung operationeller Systeme, Geesthacht

Die Charakterisierung und Auslegung eines Festbettadsorbers beruht auf der Messung bzw. Berechnung der zeitlichen Konzentrationsänderung der adsorbierenden Komponenten im Gasstrom am Ausgang des Adsorbers. Dabei treten folgende Phänomene auf: Die Strömung des Trägergases transportiert die Adsorptive zur Feststoffoberfläche im Adsorber. Durch diffusiven und konvektiven Stofftransport ...

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