Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Numerical Modelling of Electrophoresis Applied to Restoration of Archaeological Organic Materials

J. Caire[1], A. Bouh[1], and E. Guilminot[2]
[1]LEPMI, UMR 5631, INPG - CNRS, Saint Martin d’Hères, France
[2]EPCC, Arc'Antique, Nantes, France

Restoration of archaeological materials from oceans is a major activity of Arc’ Antique. Organic materials such as wood, tissues, leathers, papers and ceramics found in sea water are always impregnated with salts. Rinsing such archaeological objects with pure water to extract the salts takes too long, so electrophoresis was used to improve the salt extraction. The objective of this ...

Numerical Modeling Of Thin Superconducting Tapes

F. Grilli[1], F. Sirois[2], and R. Brambilla[3]
[1]Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany
[2]Ecole Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, Canada
[3]ERSE SpA, Milan, Italy

Second-generation high-temperature superconducting (HTS) tapes are very promising superconductors for ac applications and numerical models are very important for predicting their performance, e.g. for computing the ac losses. These tapes are characterized by a very large aspect ratio: the width of the superconducting film is typically between 4 and 12 mm, whereas its thickness is in the ...

Numerical Simulation Of Laminar Flow Above And Below Triangular Bedforms

C. Gualtieri
University of Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy

This paper presents some results of numerical simulations carried out to investigate the basic hydrodynamic interactions between the laminar flow in the water column above triangular bedforms and the Darcian flow in the underlying permeable sediments. The flow was described by the Navier-Stokes equation in the free region and the Darcy equation in the porous region. Numerical simulations were ...

Aerodynamic Study For Air To Gas Leakage Reduction In A Typical Rotary Regenerative Air Preheater Of Coal-Fired Steam Generators

L. Ferravante[1], C. Zagano[1], and V. Marra[2]
[1]RSE S.p.A. - via Rubattino, Milano, Italy
[2]COMSOL S.r.l. - Via Vittorio Emanuele II, Brescia, Italy

The present study relates to the reduction of the amount of air to gas leakage in a typical rotary regenerative air preheater of coal-fired steam generators, by means of computational thermo-fluid-dynamics. Due to the gaps, or clearances, required for rotation, there is a significant amount of leakage of the higher pressure air to the lower pressure gas stream. This paper presents a turbulent CFD ...

Multiphysics System Simulation for MEMS Inertial Sensors

R. Sattler
University of Applied Sciences, Regensburg, Germany

This paper gives an overview of modelling microsensors on geometry and system level. The focus will be on the generation of the multiphysics reduced order system model and the coupling with package and ASIC models. The method is based on modal superposition. This means all the details of the sensor can be considered in a finite element model. The mechanical mode shapes of this model form the ...

3D Model for the Dynamic Simulation of SOFC Cathodes

A. Häffelin, J. Joos, M. Ender, A. Weber, and E. Ivers-Tiffée
Institut für Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik (IWE)
Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)
Karlsruhe, Germany

A fuel cell is an electrochemical system, which converts chemical energy into electricity by a controlled reaction of hydrogen and oxygen. The performance of the electrode is likewise determined by its material and the microstructure. The simulations were performed directly on reconstructions of real electrodes, obtained from focused ion beam (FIB) tomography. A finite element method (FEM) ...

Study of an Alkaline Electrolyzer Powered by Renewable Energy

E. Amores, J. Rodriguez Ruiz, C. Merino Rodríguez, and P. García Escribano
Centro Nacional del Hidrógeno
Puertollano, Spain

The production of hydrogen from renewable energy surplus is seen as a key strategy for energy storage. Centro Nacional del Hidrógeno works actively in this direction by considering a strategic line in order to achieve a sustainable energy future. Alkaline electrolysis is the main industrial way of obtaining hydrogen by electrolysis. However, commercial alkaline electrolyzers are designed for ...

Near-Wellbore Physics of Non-Isothermal Flow Into a Wellbore and its Application to Hydrocarbon Production

J. Lowell

John Lovell received a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from Delft University in 1993 as well as MA\'s in Mathematics from Oxford and Cornell. He is currently a Business Development Manager for Schlumberger. His numerical expertise includes the creation and application of finite element algorithms for problems relating to the near-wellbore physics of hydrocarbon production from subterranean ...

Numerical Simulations of Ultrasonic Non Destructive Techniques of Masonry Buildings

S. Carcangiu[1], B. Cannas[1], M. Usai[1], and G. Concu[2]
[1]Department of Electric and Electronic Engineering, Cagliari, Italy
[2]Department of Structural and Infrastructural Engineering and Geomatics, Cagliari, Italy

An experimental program has been developed, with the purpose of evaluating the reliability in building diagnosis and characterization of an integrated analysis of several parameters, associated with acoustic waves propagating through the material. The Direct Transmission Technique has been applied. In this paper we developed a numerical model using the Transient Acoustics-Piezoelectric ...

Modelling Failure Mechanims in Sands Under Extreme Loads Using COMSOL

J. Mwebesa, D. Kalumba, and R. Kulabako
Makerere University
Kampala, Uganda

Studies by Nishaat (2009) showed that Terzaghi\'s bearing capacity model didn\'t adequately predict the bearing capacity failure in Philippi Dune sands. Nishaat carried out her investigation using a physical model that was built in a geotechnical laboratory. The failure surfaces she observed in the sands did not resemble those predicted by Terzaghi and Meyerhof\'s models. However the use of a ...

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