Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Influence of pH and Carbonate Buffering on the Performance of a Lactate Microbial Fuel Cell

A.Torrents, N. Godino, F.J. del Campo, F.X. Muñoz, and J. Mas
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain

Microbia Fuel Cells (MFC’s) are complex environments where electrochemical, physical and biological aspects must be considered together. In this work we present a 1D model partially describing a Shewanella oneidensis MFC that degrade sodium lactate [lactate -> Acetate + CO2 + 2H+ + 2e-]. The model, simulated using COMSOL, focuses on pH implications of the MFC operation. Release of protons ...

Acoustic Emission Simulation for Online Impact Detection

C. Yang, M. A. Torres-Arredondo, and C.-P. Fritzen
Institute of Mechanics and Control Engineering
Mechatronics
University of Siegen
Siegen, Germany

Impact monitoring has been extensively studied by several researchers and it has been shown that damage extent can be correlated with the impact magnitude. In order to make the process cost-effective, simulation of the impact has been performed, to get the big training data set from modeling. The structural dynamic responses captured by PZT transducers due to impact events are recorded from ...

Numerical Experiments for Thermally-induced Bending of Nematic Elastomers with Hybrid Alignment

L. Teresi[1], and A. DeSimone[2]
[1]LaMS - Modeling & Simulation Lab, University Roma Tre, Roma, Italy
[2]SISSA - International School for Advanced Studies, Trieste, Italy

We deal with Liquid Crystal Elastomers (LCEs) having hybrid alignment (HNEs), that is, fabricated with a given non-homogeneous nematic orientation. For such a materials, permanent distortions induced by deswelling can be compensated by those resulting from cooling below the transition temperature, thus yielding the possibility of producing temperature-driven actuators. Here, we simulate the ...

Effect of Gas Flow Rate and Gas Composition in Ar/CH4 Inductively Coupled Plasmas

L. Tong
Keisoku Engineering System Co. Ltd.
Japan

The discharge properties in low pressure inductively coupled Ar/CH4 plasmas operating at an RF frequency of 13.56 MHz and total gas pressure of 20 mTorr are studied in this work. The calculation of gas flow is performed in coupling with the plasma simulation. The gas flow rate is varied from 20 to 1000 sccm. The species taken into account include electrons, six kinds of molecules, eleven kinds ...

Surface Aeration System Modeling using COMSOL

G. Selembo, P. Selembo, J. Stanton, and G. Paulsen
University of North Carolina
Charlotte, NC

Surface aeration systems are used in the wastewater treatment industry for the transfer of oxygen in the activated sludge process. These systems are capital intensive and also require a significant amount of energy to operate. Scale-up and design of these systems is largely empirical, and due to the size of these systems, modifications for experimental testing can be economically prohibitive. ...

Modeling of the Heat Transfer Between a CO2 Sequestration Well and the Surrounding Geological Formation

B. Sponagle[1], M. Amadu[2], D. Groulx[1], and M. Pegg[2]
[1]Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
[2]Process Engineering and Applied Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada

In a carbon sequestration system CO2 would be pumped down a well and into a reservoir at supercritical temperatures and pressures. An important consideration is the long term stability of the reservoir. The goal of these simulations is to thermally model the injection well and investigate the temperature gradient developed in the cap rock. Ultimately, results from this study will lead to an ...

Multiphysics Simulations in Complex 3D Geometry of the High Flux Isotope Reactor Fuel Elements using COMSOL

J. Freels, and P. Jain
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Oak Ridge, TN

A current research and development project is ongoing to convert the operating High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) from highly-enriched uranium (HEU U3-O8) fuel to low-enriched uranium (LEU U-Mo) fuel. Because LEU HFIR-specific testing and experiments will be limited, we are relying on COMSOL to provide the needed multiphysics simulation capability to validate ...

Finite Element Analysis of Integrated Circuit Interconnect Lines on Lossy Silicon Substrate

S. Musa[1], M. Sadiku[1], and A. Emam[2]

[1]Roy G. Perry College of Engineering, Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, TX
[2]Information Systems Department, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

The silicon substrate has a significant effect on the inductance parameter of a lossy interconnect line on an integrated circuit. It is essential to take this into account in determining the transmission line electrical parameters. In this paper, a new quasi-TEM capacitance and inductance analysis of multiconductor multilayer interconnects is successfully demonstrated using the finite element ...

Design and Analysis of Micro-tweezers with Alumina as Gripper Using COMSOL Multiphysics

V. S. Selvakumar, M. S. Gowtham, M. Saravanan, S. Suganthi, and L. Sujatha
Rajalakshmi Engineering College
Chennai, India

Micro-tweezers have been widely investigated because of their extensive applications in micro-fluidics technology, microsurgery and tissue-engineering. It has been reported that thermal actuation provides greater forces and easier control when compared to electrostatic micro actuation. In this paper, we discuss about the effects of Alumina as gripper on the operation of micro tweezers. The ...

Flare System Pressure Drop Calculations Using COMSOL

K. Alhazza[1], B. Albusairi[1], H. Kamal[1], H.M.S. Lababiedi[1], A.A. Abbas[2]
[1]Kuwait University, Kuwait City, Kuwait
[2]Petrochemical Industries Company, Kuwait City, Kuwait

COMSOL Multiphysics has been used to validate and check the design of a header transporting ammonia gases released from pressure safety valves (PSVs) to the tip of the flare. The header is part of a dedicated flaring system to contain emissions from ammonia storage tanks. The two main challenges are the low relief pressure and high capacity of the system. Another difficulty is the high relief ...

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