Numerical Study of a High Temperature Latent Heat Storage (200-300oC) Using Eutectic Nitrate Salt of Sodium Nitrate and Potassium Nitrate
C.W. Foong, J.E. Hustad, J. Løvseth, and O.J. Nydal
Department of Energy and Process Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
In this study, a small scale direct solar thermal energy storage system with secondary reflector is designed and developed. The main advantage of thermal energy storage is that cooking can be carried out during the time when there is little or no sun shine. In addition, no heat transport fluid is needed in this system. A well insulated heat storage should keep the heat for about 24 hours. KNO3 ...
D. Groulx, and R. Murray
COMSOL Multiphysics can be used to model a latent heat energy storage system. A 2D numerical study was performed to simulate melting of a PCM including both conduction and convective heat transfer. The heat transfer in fluids and laminar flow physics interfaces were used. To model natural convection, proper volume force was applied to the PCM. The viscosity was input as a piecewise, continuous ...
G. Zhu, E.M. Dede
Toyota Research Institute of North America, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
In previous work, a two-dimensional (2D) model was carried out to simulate the phononic band structure of a phononic crystal with square lattice structure, but this model did not account for the out-of-plane phonon dispersions . In fact, for 2D films used for coating materials, it is more interesting to understand their cross-plane properties. In this work, the phonon dispersion relation of 2D ...
A. A. Bhat, S. Agarwal , D. Sujish, B. Muralidharan, B. P. Reddy, G. Padmakumar, K. K. Rajan
Indira Gandhi Center for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamilnadu, India
Induction furnaces are employed for vacuum distillation process to recover heavy metals after electro-refining operation. Induction furnace of suitable heating rate and cooled by passive means are required to be developed for this purpose. It is planned to set up a mock up induction furnace which will simulate the conditions to be realized in actual vacuum distillation furnace for this purpose. ...
P. S. Rao, C. K. Chandra
Agricultural and Food Engineering Department, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, West Bengal, India
High Pressure Processing (HPP) is a leading non-thermal food processing technology that is often cited as a major technological innovation in food preservation. Although it is very early to place this emerging technology among the list of breakthroughs in food processing, HPP has started to become a viable commercial alternative for pasteurisation of value added fruits, vegetables, meat, and ...
A Practical Method to Model Complex Three-Dimensional Geometries with Non-Uniform Material Properties Using Image-based Design and COMSOL Multiphysics®
J. Cepeda, S. Birla, J. Subbiah, H. Thippareddi
Department of Food Science & Technology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA
Department of Biological Systems Engineering, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA
Geometries with heterogeneous material properties are typically defined as a set of multiple parts, each part representing a different material. However, assembling or defining the individual parts of complex geometries can be difficult. A practical method based on image-based mesh generation, a custom algorithm for labeling materials, and interpolation functions of COMSOL Multiphysics® can be ...
T. Eppes, I. Milanovic, and G. Quarshie
University of Hartford
West Hartford, CT
Power transistors require heat sinks to dissipate thermal energy and keep junction temperatures below the recommended limit. The reliability and longevity of any semiconductor device is inversely proportional to the junction temperature. Hence, a significant increase in reliability and component life can be achieved by a small reduction in operating temperature. A range of heat sink designs ...
R. K. Krishna, R. Ramachandran, and P. Srinivasan
Birla Institute of Technology and Science
An attempt has been made to sustain the efficiency of an air pre-heater(APH) in the long run. The APH is modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics in 3D and fed with real life conditions. Upon Heat transfer analysis, the temperature profile was found out and from that, the regions undergoing maximum thermal fatigue stress was identified. The plates of the APH to the periphery are subjected to maximum ...
H. Dillon, A.F. Emery, A. Mescher, and R.J. Cochran
University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
Applied CHT, Seattle, WA, USA
Students in engineering and science are often exposed early in their studies to non dimensional analysis. When it comes to solving fluid flow/heat transfer problems, many solutions, particularly industrial ones, are based on finite element/finite volume using dimensioned quantities. In order to compare to reference information one would like to use codes like COMSOL Multiphysics to solve non ...
Asif Ahmad Bhat, D. Sujish, Sourabh Agarwal, B. Muralidharan, G. Padmakumar, K. K. Rajan
Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, India
Vacuum distillation furnaces (VDFs) are employed for purification and consolidation of heavy metals from their dendritic forms which are entrained with molten salts. The VDF is an induction heated furnace which is operated at a temperature of 700-1400 °C and at a pressure of 0.01-600 torr. To arrive at the adequate design of such type of furnace, magnetic field and temperature distribution need ...