Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Aquifer Physics Modes for Hydrogeological Modeling – an Application of the COMSOL Physics Builder

E. Holzbecher[1]
[1]Georg-August Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

Although there are porous media and subsurface flow modes available in a toolbox of COMSOL Multiphysics®, some common requirements in hydrogeological models can not be easily accessed in the graphical user interface. Most crucially, there is no distinction between confined and unconfined situations for permeable layers, so called aquifers. Using the Physics Builder for such distinctions aquifer ...

Coupling Multiphysics with Geochemistry: The COMSOL-PhreeqC Interface

A. Nardi[1], L. M. de Vries[1], P. Trinchero[1], A. Enrique Idiart [1], J. Molinero[1]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain

Phreeqc is a program for simulating chemical reactions and 1D transport processes in aqueous systems. Several couplings between conservative transport codes and PHREEQC already exist. The methodology used here is based on the operator splitting concept: the transport of the aqueous components and the chemical reactions are solved in two different steps. The Java interface uses the COMSOL Java ...

Full Coupling of Flow, Thermal and Mechanical Effects in COMSOL Multiphysics® for Simulation of Enhanced Geothermal Reservoirs

D. Sijacic[1], P. Fokker[1]
[1]TNO, Utrecht, The Netherlands

The effective modeling of enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) requires the coupling of geomechanics, fluid flow and thermal processes. An understanding of the complete system with these coupled processes is vital, not just for reservoir stimulation targeted at enhancing reservoir performance, but also for the understanding, prediction and prevention of induced seismicity. Thermal effects however ...

CO2 Storage Trapping Mechanisms Quantification

A. Nardi[1], E. Abarca[1], F. Grandia[1], J. Molinero[1]
[1]Amphos 21, Barcelona, Spain

The capture and storage of CO2 in deep geological formations is one of the proposed solutions to reduce CO2 emissions to the atmosphere. CO2 is injected as a supercritical fluid deep below a confining geological formation that prevents its return to the atmosphere. In general, four trapping mechanisms are expected, which are of increasing importance through time: (1) structural, (2) residual ...

Numerical Model for Leaching and Transporting Behavior of Radiocesium in MSW Landfill

H. Ishimori[1], K. Endo[2], H. Sakanakura[2], M. Yamada[2], M. Osako[2]
[1]Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu, Shiga, Japan
[2]National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan

This paper presents the numerical simulation model for radiocesium leaching and transporting behavior in municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill and discusses on the design for the required geometry and properties of the impermeable final cover and the soil sorption layer, which work for containment of hazardous waste such as radiocesium-contaminated MSW generated by Fukushima Daiichi nuclear ...

Finite Element Solution of Nonlinear Transient Rock Damage with Application in Geomechanics of Oil and Gas Reservoirs

S. Enayatpour[1], T. Patzek[1]
[1]The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA

The increasing energy demand calls for advances in technology which translate into more accurate and complex simulations of physical problems. Understanding the rock damage is essential to understanding the geomechanics of hydrocarbon reservoirs. The fragile microstructure of some rocks makes it difficult to predict the propagation of fracture in these rocks, therefore a mathematical model is ...

Simulation of Reactive Transport in Porous Media: A Benchmark for a COMSOL-PHREEQC-Interface

D. Müller[1], H. Francke[1], G. Blöcher[1], H. Shao[2]
[1]Helmholtz-Zentrum Potsdam Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ, Potsdam, Brandenburg, Germany
[2]Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung UFZ, Leipzig, Saxony, Germany

The reactive transport simulation interface COMSOL-PHREEQC, developed by Wissmeier & Barry (2011), provides a MATLAB®-based coupling interface to combine COMSOL Multiphysics® for flow and heat transport simulations and PHREEQC as a geochemical batch reaction simulator. The functionality of the coupling tool is tested using the “calcite” example (Shao et al. 2010) as a benchmark. The results ...

Groundwater Flow and Solute Transport Modeling in the SFR Nuclear Waste Repository

E. Abarca[1], A. Idiart[1], O. Silva[1], L.M. de Vries[1], J. Molinero[1], F. Vahlund[2], H. von Schenck[2]
[1]Amphos21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain
[2]Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Co., Stockholm, Sweden

The Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Company (SKB) operates the underground repository for low- and intermediate-level nuclear waste (SFR) located in Försmark, Sweden. An extension of the SFR is planned to accommodate mainly waste arising from the decommissioning of Swedish nuclear power plants. The long-term safety assessment for the SFR repository takes into account the future ...

Oscillatory Thermal Response Test (OTRT) – An Advanced Method for Gaining Thermal Properties of the Subsurface

P. Oberdorfer[1]
[1]Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany

Thermal Response Tests (TRTs) are the state-of-the-art method to obtain the thermal conductivity of the subsurface in the nearby ambience of a borehole heat exchanger (BHE). The results of TRTs are used to determine the necessary depth of the borehole and to make long time predictions about the potential of heat extraction. For a TRT, a constant heat load is injected into the subsurface and the ...

Numerically Generated g-functions for Ground Coupled Heat Pump Applications

J. Acuna[1], M. Fossa[2], P. Monzó[1]
[1]KTH Energy Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
[2]Dime, University of Genova, Genova, Italy

Ground-coupled heat pumps (GCHP) are successfully installed since at about 20 years in many countries to fulfill space conditioning requirements in building applications. In most cases the heat pump is connected to a system of vertical ground heat exchangers (as illustrated in Figure 1) where a fluid is circulated inside a system of pipes inserted in a deep borehole drilled in the soil. Drilling ...

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