A multiphysics approach of the styrene free radical polymerization modeling performed in different microreactors
Serra, C., Sary, N., Schlatter, G.
LIPHT-CNRS UMR 7165, ECPM-ULP Strasbourg
This paper investigates the modeling of styrene free radical polymerization in two different types of microreactor for which the wall temperature is kept constant. The simulations are performed with the help of FEMLAB 3.1 to solve simultaneously partial differential equations resulting from the hydrodynamics, thermal and mass transfer (convection, diffusion and chemical reaction). The ...
F. Sawo and T. Bernard
Fraunhofer Institute for Information and Data Processing IITB, Karlsruhe, Germany
This paper addresses the modeling of a complex glass forming process as an example of a complex, nonlinear distributed parameter system. The system is modeled by a fluid dynamics approach, which means that the forming is regarded as a fluid with free surfaces. Here, the coupling of the forming process with the heat flow is considered. The influence of crucial model parameters (e.g., dynamic ...
S.A. Lottes, and R.W. Lyczkowski
Argonne National Laboratory
The main focus of this paper is the modeling, simulation, and analysis of the CaBr2 hydrolysis reactor stage in the Calcium-Bromine thermochemical water splitting cycle for nuclear hydrogen production. One concept is to use a spray reactor of CaBr2 into steam. Given the large heat reservoir contained in a pool of liquid CaBr2 that allows bubbles to rise easily, using a bubble column for the ...
V. Memoli, and A. Cammi
Department of Nuclear Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy
The moderator temperature coefficient (MTC) plays an important role within power thermal reactor dynamics. In order to run a reactor safely, a negative moderator coefficient temperature is necessary to reach stability during changes in temperature that can be caused by a step insertion of reactivity. Thus, MTC calculation is a key point in the reactor design process. The aim of the present work ...
Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane Division, CRANE, IN, USA
A model of a horizontal atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition reactor was implemented to aid in the design of a laboratory based one. The model coupled momentum transport, energy transport, and mass transport phenomena to account for reacting fluid flow of a compressible gas in a heated chamber. The system modeled was silicon deposition from trichlorosilane in hydrogen carrier gas.
J. Selig, and S. Lin
Lamar University, Beaumont, TX, USA
Self-propagating High-temperature Synthesis (SHS), a very economical synthesis of oxides was used in our lab to produce oxide materials. SHS process uses a highly exothermic reaction to convert reactants rapidly to pure products with minimal external energy input. This reaction is initiated by an igniter and reaction front propagates from the ignition through the rest of the sample. The fast ...
E.I. Gkanas, S.S. Makridis, A.K. Stubos, A. Lopez, J. Folch, G. Noriega
Materials for Energy Applications Group, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, Greece
Environmental Technology Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, NCSR “Demokritos”, Greece
Universidad Politécnica De Cataluña, Barcelona, Spain
Cidete INGENIEROS, Barcelona, Spain
Hydrogen storage can be considered as a key factor in the development of hydrogen economy. Hydrogen storage in a magnesium hydride MgH2 is a very promising technique for numerous of reasons. Magnesium is abundant, relatively cheap, life – friendly , weight storage capacity of 7.6% and low price of Mg metal. A simulation work is presented in order to study the absorption kinetics of a Mg – ...
E. Gkanas, S. Makridis, E. Kikkinides, A. Stubos
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, Kozani, Greece
Environmental Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, NCSR 'Demokritos', Agia Paraskevi, Athens, Greece
Hydrogen storage in a metal hydride bed, uses an intermetallic alloy that can absorb efficiently high amounts of hydrogen by chemical bonding resulting to metal hydrides. This alloy is capable of absorbing and desorbing hydrogen while maintaining its own structure. The heat, mass and momentum transfer in a metal-hydride reactor is mathematically described by energy, mass and momentum balance ...
R. Coker, J. Mansell
NASA - Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA
We have started constructing preliminary design COMSOL models of a bacteriologically driven \'fuel cell\' that is intended to process waste products, such as carbon dioxide and brine, from a crewed vehicle. At this early stage, this complex system is reduced to two electrodes separated by a membrane. The electrolyte is a brine appropriate for growing methanogenic bateria, though none are ...
G. Samdani, S. Mahajani, A. Ganesh, P. Aghalayam, R. K. Sapru, D. K. Mathur
Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India
Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India
UCG Group, IRS, ONGC, Chankheda, Ahmadabad
The Thermo- Gravimetric Apparatus (TGA) is often used for kinetics determination. In TGA setup, gasification reaction may be limited by the reach (diffusion) of the gasification agent to the internal surfaces of the char particles. In addition to this, after some time, ash is formed between the bulk of the gas and the upper surface of char. The present modeling exercise is aimed at examining the ...