Screening Effects in Probing the Electric Double Layer by Scanning Electrochemical Potential Microscopy
R.F. Hamou, P.U. Biedermann, A. Erbe, and M. Rohwerder
Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Düsseldorf, Germany
A computational method is developed to study probing the electric double layer by Scanning Electrochemical Potential Microscopy. The model is based on a modified Poisson- Boltzmann equation, which takes into account steric effects. We investigated the effect of metallic apex protrusion and the Open Circuit Potential (OCP) of the tip on the probed potential. A clear electrostatic screening effect ...
P.A. Wallace, M. Alsharif, D.M. Hepburn, and C. Zhou
Department of Energy Systems Engineering, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, United Kingdom
Two simulations of the performance of a Paper Insulated Lead Covered (PILC) Medium Voltage (MV) underground cable are presented. The first presents the thermal response of a cable, over seven days, to a realistic load with a diurnal variation. The second concentrates on the variation of the electric field stress within the cable over a single AC cycle. The effects of a void defect within the ...
C. Gavrila and I. Lancranjan
Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
Advanced Study Centre, National Institute for Aerospace Research “Elie Carafoli”, Bucharest, Romania
Fiber optic sensors can measure a large range of physical, chemical and environmental variables such as temperature, pressure, shape, position, chemical concentration, moisture, etc. Fiber optic sensors provide measurements in applications where the conventional electrical based sensors cannot be used, due to measurement requirements such as extreme temperature, small size, high sensor count, or ...
C. Caruso, P. Lonetti, and A. Manna
Department of Structural Engineering, University of Calabria, Arcavacata di Rende, CS, Italy
A generalized model to predict dynamic crack propagation in fiber composite structures is proposed. The proposed approach is based on a generalized formulation based on the Fracture Mechanics approach and Moving mesh methodology. Consistently to the Fracture Mechanics, the crack propagation depends from the energy release rate and its mode components, which are calculated by means of the ...
N. Fillot, T. Doki-Thonon, and W. Habchi
CNRS, INSA, Université de Lyon, Lyon, France
Department of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, Lebanese American University, Byblos, Lebanon
A ball is in contact with a plane, and a lubricant separates the two surfaces to decrease friction during their relative motion. To avoid wear, the lubricant film thickness should be higher than the surface roughness. The goal of this paper is to show how it is possible to solve efficiently the problem of elastohydrodynamics lubrication with COMSOL Multiphysics®, using a PDE (Partial ...
Georg-August University, Göttingen, Germany
Viscous fingering is a topic of interest since the beginning of computational fluid dynamics. Here we focus on the classical constellation of miscible displacement, as it has been investigated in Hele-Shaw cells. A temperature or salinity front is entering with a fluid that has a different viscosity. The pure 1D flow is destabilized by the Saffman-Taylor instability. Using COMSOL Multiphysics® ...
Danish Technological Institute, Aarhus C, Denmark
The use of the finite element method for understanding and analyzing the freezing and drying processes of food products is in focus in this paper. The objective of this study is to develop a model that can predict temperature distribution and weight loss of food products during the freezing and drying processes. The problem was solved by utilizing heat, mass transfer and moving mesh model. In ...
U. Bardi, C. Borri, A. Fossati, A. Lavacchi, and I. Perissi
Dipartimento di Chimica, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Sesto Fiorentino, FI, Italy
A Finite element model of plasma sprayed TBC’s was developed to estimate the stress induced by thermal cycling experiments. A heat transfer analysis was performed to evaluate the temperature distribution on the specimen during the cooling under an impinging air jet; temperature measurements performed with an infrared pyrometer on the cooled samples show good agreement with the evaluated ...
Numerical Modelling of a Free-Burning Arc in Argon. A Tool for Understanding the Optical Mirage Effect in a TIG Welding Device
J-M. Bauchire, E. Langlois-Bertrand, and C. de Izarra
GREMI, CNRS, Université d’Orléans, Orléans, France
In this paper, we present the numerical modelling of a free-burning arc and its application to the understanding of optical mirage effect which could occur in a TIG (Tungsten Inert Gas) device used in welding applications.
L. Armellin, F. Gatelli, and G. Tanghetti
R&D Department, Metelli S.p.A., Cologne, BS, Italy
Ball joints are widely used in many applications. This paper describes the contact and kinematic analysis of an Rzeppa type constant-velocity joint (CV-joint). Starting from a conveniently simplified 3D model, at fixed joint angle of 45°, a CV-joint made of all “generic steel” components has been studied. Considering only a “perfect” geometry (i.e. not affected by ...