F. Wittbrach, A. Weddemann, A. Auge, and A. Hütten
Department of Physics, Bielefeld University, Germany
It is possible to control the motion of magnetic beads using a combination of hydrodynamic and electromagnetic forces. In this work, we investigate the possibility to manipulate the motion of beads with different magnetic moments in a special microfluidic structure so as to separate them. We also experimentally prove that this structure is a suitable device to separate beads and show that ...
Multiphysics Simulation of Thermoelectric Systems - Modeling of Peltier-Cooling and Thermoelectric Generation
Fraunhofer-Institute for Physical Measurement-Techniques (IPM), Freiburg, Germany
Electro-thermal interaction is commonly considered only as a matter of joule heating. In addition, the Seebeck-, Peltier- and Thompson-Effects are significant in materials with high thermoelectric figure of merit Z. These thermoelectric materials have a high Seebeck-coefficient α, a good electric conductivity σ, and a poor thermal conductivity λ. They have widespread areas of ...
M. Ghadrdan, and H. Mehdizadeh
Department of Chemical Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway
Department of Chemical Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Interest in the production of hydrogen from hydrocarbons has grown significantly recently. In order to achieve high surface to volume ratio with reasonable pressure drop, monolithic reactors are used. The goal of this work is to develop a two-phase (gas & solid) transient catalytic combustor model using a simplified flow field inside a single channel to test the advantages of the COMSOL ...
I. Hoke, C. Dahmani, T. Weyh
Heinz-Nixdorf Lehrstuhl für Medizinische Elektronik, Fakultät für Elektro-und Informationstechnik, Technische Universität München, Germany
The application of nanoparticles coupled with medical agents to brain tumors remains one of the biggest obstacles in neuro scientific research. This work explores an optimal design of an electromagnet to overcome the blood-brain barrier by means of an intensive external magnetic field gradient. It is found that the field gradients depend strongly on the design of the magnet tip. The model ...
Prediction and Optimization of Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Geometries using COMSOL Multiphysics
I. Knorr, K. Christou, J. Meinertz, A. Selle, J. Ihlemann, and G. Marowsky
Laser-Laboratorium Göttingen e.V., Germany
Raman spectroscopy is a commonly used tool in biodiagnostics and sensor technology. Surface-enhanced Raman scattering provides high signal enhancements especially at nanostructured metallic surfaces. In this paper the electromagnetic Raman enhancement from different metallic nanostructures - including gold coated gratings, spherical and hemispherical particles - is calculated by using the finite ...
Study of a Self Heating Process of Tetrafluoroethylene by the Exothermic Dimerization Reaction to Octafluorocyclobutane
M. Beckmann-Kluge, H. Krause, V. Schröder, A. Acikalin, and J. Steinbach
Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Berlin, Germany
Technical University Berlin, Berlin, Germany
The self heating process of Tetrafluoroethylene caused by an exothermic dimerization reaction was studied. The heat of reaction can lead to a thermal explosion by the decomposition of the Tetrafluoroethylene. Different reaction kinetics, including multistep kinetics, were used to describe the mass balance. The COMSOL Chemical Engineering Module was used to perform the simulation which was ...
Transient Conjugate Optical-thermal Fields in Thin Films Irradiated by Moving Sources: A Comparison between Back and Front Treatment
N. Bianco, O. Manca, and D. Ricci
Dipartimento di Energetica, Termofluidodinamica applicata e Condizionamenti ambientali, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Aerospaziale e Meccanica, Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, Aversa (CE), Italy
A two dimensional instationary analysis of the conjugate optical-thermal fields induced in a multilayer thin film structure on a glass substrate by a moving Gaussian laser source is carried out numerically in order to compare back and front laser treatment processes. COMSOL Multiphysics 3.4 code has been adopted to solve the combined thermal and electromagnetic problem in order to compare the two ...
E. Houdu, O. Poupard, and V. Meyer
OXAND S.A., France
CO2 capture and storage constitutes a promising solution to control and reduce these emissions. Wellbore integrity is a key challenge to ensure long term safety and for public acceptance. For this objective, a two-phase flow model in porous media based on Darcy’s law has been proposed to simulate the CO2 leakage within the well at a rat hole area. The numerical simulations have highlighted ...
D. Scandura, G. Currenti, and C. Del Negro
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy
In volcanic areas, the presence of heterogeneous materials and high temperatures affect the rheological behaviour of the Earth's crust that calls for considering the anelastic properties of the medium surrounding the magmatic sources. A thermo-mechanical numerical model is performed for evaluating the temperature dependency of the elasto-plastic solution. Both temperature distributions and ground ...
G. Petrone, G. Fichera, and M. Scionti
Bus-Engineering S.r.l., Catania, Italy
Department of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, University of Catania, Catania, Italy
Innovations in air-conditioning and other forms of cooling or ventilation can be viewed as technological solutions improving environmental conditions that are beneficial for human health, comfort and productivity. This study deals with a thermal and fluid-dynamics investigation of passenger comfort in a touring bus cabin. COMSOL Multiphysics® is used as a powerful design and optimization tool ...