Model Gallery

The Model Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics model files from a wide variety of application areas including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use models and step-by-step instructions for building the model, and use these as a starting point for your own modeling work. Use the Quick Search to find models relevant to your area of expertise, and login or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license to download the model files.

An RFID System

RFIDs are used in a multitude of applications such as tracking or identifying consumer products and their packaging. An RFID system consists of two main parts: A tag or transponder with a printed circuit-board (PCB) antenna A reader unit with a larger RF antennaThe reader antenna generates an electromagnetic field that energizes a chip (IC-circuit) inside the tag. The electromagnetic field ...

Particle Tracing in a Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer

The principle component of a quadrupole mass spectrometer is the mass filter which is used to filter ions with different charge to mass ratios. The quadrupole mass filter has been well studied over the years, Ref. 1 and the physics and optimal design are well understood. In a real quadrupole mass spectrometer, fringe fields exist at both the entrance and exit of the mass filter. These fringe ...

Magnetic Gear in 2D

This model presents the transient modeling of a coaxial magnetic bearing using permanent magnets. The coaxial magnetic bearing is advantageous over the conventional mechanical gear mainly because of minimum noise, maintenance free operation, overload protection and physical isolation between the parts. The typical application of this device is for a high speed reduction ratio such as in wind ...

Magnetic Prospecting of Iron Ore Deposits

Estimating center-of-mass coordinates and the spatial extent of iron-rich layers helps decrease the cost of exploration. Magnetic prospecting is applicable for doing this for certain types of iron ore deposits. Passive magnetic prospecting relies on accurate mapping of local geomagnetic anomalies – deviations from the natural magnetostatic fields based on the magnetic dipole of the Earth. ...

Focusing Ions with a Quadrupole Lens

Just like optical lenses focus light, electric and magnetic lenses can focus beams of charged particles. Systems of magnetic quadrupole lenses find a common use in focusing both ion and particle beams in accelerators at nuclear and particle physics centers. This model shows the path of ions going through three consecutive magnetic quadrupole lenses. The model also takes fringing fields ...

Geoelectrics - Forward Problem and Sensitivity

The classical forward problem of geoelectrics (includes electrical resistivity tomography, ERT and earlier techniques as vertical electric sounding, VES) is the calculation of potentials at a given set of electrodes (M,N) while current is injected at other electrodes (A,B) into the ground. Typically the physical domain (earth) is unbounded to the sides and the bottom because of which one needs ...

Homopolar Generator 3D

A homopolar generator is composed of an electrically conductive rotating disc placed in a uniform magnetic field that is perpendicular to the plane of rotation. The motion of the conductor through the static magnetic field induces Lorentz currents in the disc. By connecting the outside rim of the disc to the center via a stationary conductor, significant current can be generated. The flow of ...

Contact Impedance Comparison

The contact impedance boundary condition is meant to approximate a thin layer of material that impedes the flow of current normal to the boundary, but does not introduce any additional conduction path tangential to the boundary. This example compares the contact impedance boundary condition to a full-fidelity model and discusses the range of applicability of this boundary condition.

Electrodynamic Bearing 3D

This model illustrates the working principle of a passive electrodynamic bearing. An electrically conducting rotor rotating in a magnetic field produced by a permanent magnets induces eddy currents on the conducting rotor. The eddy currents, in turn, produce a magnetic field that opposes the magnetic fields by the magnets and induces a force that opposes the motion of the rotor. The radial ...

Iron Sphere in a 60 Hz Magnetic Field

An iron sphere is exposed to a spatially uniform, sinusoidally time-varying, background magnetic field. The frequency of the field is low enough such that the skin depth is larger than the radius of the sphere. A reduced field formulation is used to impose the background field. Two approaches for solving this problem are shown. The induced currents in the sphere and the perturbation to the ...

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